Presentation on theme: "FORMS of GOVERNMENT SS6CG4: The student will compare and contrast various forms of government."— Presentation transcript:
FORMS of GOVERNMENT SS6CG4: The student will compare and contrast various forms of government.
FORMS of GOVERNMENT SS6CG4: a. Describe the ways government systems distribute power: unitary, confederation, and federal ESSENTIAL QUESTION How is power distributed in different forms of government (unitary, confederation, and federal)?
Social Studies Theme: GOVERNANCE The student will understand that as society increases in complexity and interacts with other societies, the complexity of the government increases.
Types of Distribution There are three (3) basic types of ways in which power is distributed, or spread throughout a government: to spread power throughout government Unitary Confederation Federal These terms are just words to describe WHO has the power in the government, WHO is the decision maker.
Types of Distribution UNITARY: a form of government in which power is held by one central authority Examples of Unitary governments: Dictatorship, absolute monarchy Countries with Unitary governments: Iran, Cuba, North Korea
Types of Distribution Confederation voluntary associations of independent states that, to secure some common purpose, agree to certain limitations on their freedom of action and establish some joint machinery of consultation or deliberation. In simpler terms, it means that groups get together to voluntarily work together for each others benefit. It is not required that they work together. Each group may choose to leave the confederation at any time.
Types of Distribution Confederation (continued) Usually created by a treaty, in todays world, confederations are mostly created for common action towards other states Types of Leaders: Secretary-General (UN) United Nations Example: European Union, United Nations
Types of Distribution Federal: A form of government in which power is divided between one central and several regional authorities Types of leaders: Presidents, Prime Ministers Examples of Federal governments: United States, Canada, Australia, Russia, Belgium, India, Malaysia