2 SSUSH6 The student will analyze the impact of territorial expansion and population growth and the impact of this growth in the early decades of the new nation.a. Explain the Northwest Ordinance’s importance in the westward migration of Americans, and on slavery, public education, and the addition of new states.b. Describe Jefferson’s diplomacy in obtaining the Louisiana Purchase from France and the territory’s exploration by Lewis and Clark.c. Explain major reasons for the War of 1812 and the war’s significance on the development of a national identity.d. Describe the construction of the Erie Canal, the rise of New York City, and the development of the nation’s infrastructure.e. Describe the reasons for and importance of the Monroe Doctrine.
3 Northwest Ordinancea. Explain the Northwest Ordinance’s importance in the westward migration of Americans, and on slavery, public education, and the addition of new states.
4 Northwest Ordinance Remember: Established system of government for the Northwest territoriesOrdinance: Law
5 Northwest Ordinance Important Sections of the Ordinance: Section 14 Article 1: Freedom of ReligionSection 14 Article 3: Schools to be foundedSection 14 Article 6: Slavery bannedNo person, demeaning himself in a peaceable and orderly manner, shall ever be molested on account of his mode of worship or religious sentiments, in the said territory.Religion, morality, and knowledge, being necessary to good government and the happiness of mankind, schools and the means of education shall forever be encouraged.There shall be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude in the said territory, otherwise than in the punishment of crimes whereof the party shall have been duly convicted:
6 Northwest Ordinance $ Impact on Western Expansion People began to move westwardLand was cheap/plentifulSlavery was illegalPublic schools were mandatory$
7 Northwest Ordinance Slavery Impact on slavery Ordinance banned slavery in the territoryRequired runaway slaves to be returned to their ownersSlavery
8 Northwest Ordinance First time the U.S. government Impact on public educationRequired schools in each townshipFirst time the U.S. governmentrequired public education
9 Northwest Ordinance Addition of new states States made from NW Ordinance:OhioIndianaMichiganIllinoisWisconsin
10 Jefferson’s Presidency b. Describe Jefferson’s diplomacy in obtaining the Louisiana Purchase from France and the territory’s exploration by Lewis and Clark.
11 President of the United States: 1801-1809 (3rd) #3Thomas Jefferson ( )President of the United States: (3rd)Democratic-RepublicanFavored smaller governmentFeared industrySupported by farmers, Southerners“Man of the People”
15 Louisiana Purchase (1803) Jefferson’s Problem: Strict Constructionist – Constitution did not specify that he could buy the territoryDeal was too good to pass up
16 Lewis and Clark Expedition (1804-1806) Purpose: Explore and map Louisiana TerritoryLed by:Meriwether LewisWilliam Clark
17 Lewis and Clark Expedition Assisted by Sacajawea
18 War of 1812c. Explain major reasons for the War of 1812 and the war’s significance on the development of a national identity.
19 President of the United States: 1809-1817 (4th) #4James Madison ( )President of the United States: (4th)“Father of the Constitution”Democratic-RepublicanSecretary of State under JeffersonSigned agreement to purchase Louisiana
20 War of 1812 Napoleonic Wars Britain v. France vs. Causes: Situation in EuropeNapoleonic WarsBritain v. Francevs.
21 War of 1812 Causes: Response to British/French Blockades: Embargo Act of 1807Non-intercourse Act (1809)British interference in American shippingLimited TradeU.S FranceGreat BritainImpressment of American seamen – captured & made to work on British ships Seizure of American ships – In case they were headed to France Chesapeake incident (1807) – UK ship attacked US ship, 18 dead
22 War of 1812 Tecumseh Causes: Native American conflict in the West Leader of the ShawneeAttempted to organize a Native American alliance to fight the AmericansThe British supplied weapons to the Native AmericansTecumseh and his allied were finally defeated by General William Henry Harrison at the Battle of Tippecanoe, in present day Indiana
23 War of 1812 John C. Calhoun (South Carolina) Henry Clay (Kentucky) Causes:War HawksMembers, mostly young, of Congress who supported warJohn C. Calhoun(South Carolina)Henry Clay(Kentucky)
24 War of 1812 U.S.S. Constitution Oliver Hazard Perry Great Lakes Course of the War:Early Naval VictoriesInvasion of CanadaBurning of WashingtonU.S.S. ConstitutionOliver Hazard PerryGreat LakesBattle of the Thames (1813)August 24th, 1814Dolly Madison
26 George Munger The President’s House Watercolor, 1814
27 Means everything went back to the way it was before the war started War of 1812Course of the War:Battle of New OrleansTreaty of GhentJanuary 8, 1815U.S. victoryLed by Gen. Andrew JacksonDecember 24, 1814status quo ante bellumMeans everything went back to the way it was before the war started“Before War”“The state which was”
28 War of 1812 Significance: Cultural Star-Spangled Banner Francis Scott Key – “In Defense of Ft. McHenry”“Hunters of Kentucky”
29 What does it mean to be "American?" War of 1812Significance:“Development of National Identity”What does it mean to be "American?"
30 Homework (i.e. how was being “American” different from “British”) Write a paragraph“How did the War of 1812 help develop a distinct American identity?(i.e. how was being “American” different from “British”)
31 Building the New Nation d. Describe the construction of the Erie Canal, the rise of New York City, and the development of the nation’s infrastructure.
32 Development of the Nation’s Infrastructure Canal: man-made waterways, that connect lakes, rivers, or oceans and used for transportationTransportation Problems:Poor roadsDifficult to move goods / peopleSolution:CanalsSteamboatsRailroadsDID YOU KNOW: The first steamboat capable of carrying cargo upstream was the Clermont, built by Robert Fulton in 1807.
33 Erie Canal Purpose: Fun Facts: Connect Hudson River with Great Lakes Length: 363 milesCompleted: 1825Cost: $7,000,000DID YOU KNOW: The Erie Canal opened up interior New York for development. The cost of moving goods between New York City and Buffalo, NY was reduced by over 90% after the canal opened.
34 View of Erie Canal John William Hill, 1829 Watercolor on paper
42 Monroe Doctrine U.S. policy first proclaimed by Pres. Monroe First issued December, 1823European countries cannot colonize or interfere with nations in the Western hemisphere
43 Monroe Doctrine Reasons for: European nations were seeking to reconquer their coloniesRevolutions in Latin America during the early 1800’s gave independence to many of these countriesNapoleonic Wars were over
44 Monroe Doctrine Importance of: Been used by many American Presidents to interfere in Latin AmericaN.B. At the time, the U.S. had little ability to enforce this declaration