Presentation on theme: "Early Growth of the New Nation Mr. McCain. SSUSH6 The student will analyze the impact of territorial expansion and population growth and the impact of."— Presentation transcript:
Early Growth of the New Nation Mr. McCain
SSUSH6 The student will analyze the impact of territorial expansion and population growth and the impact of this growth in the early decades of the new nation. a. Explain the Northwest Ordinances importance in the westward migration of Americans, and on slavery, public education, and the addition of new states. b. Describe Jeffersons diplomacy in obtaining the Louisiana Purchase from France and the territorys exploration by Lewis and Clark. c. Explain major reasons for the War of 1812 and the wars significance on the development of a national identity. d. Describe the construction of the Erie Canal, the rise of New York City, and the development of the nations infrastructure. e. Describe the reasons for and importance of the Monroe Doctrine.
Northwest Ordinance a. Explain the Northwest Ordinances importance in the westward migration of Americans, and on slavery, public education, and the addition of new states.
Northwest Ordinance Remember: –Established system of government for the Northwest territories Ordinance: Law
Northwest Ordinance Important Sections of the Ordinance: –Section 14 Article 1: Freedom of Religion –Section 14 Article 3: Schools to be founded –Section 14 Article 6: Slavery banned There shall be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude in the said territory, otherwise than in the punishment of crimes whereof the party shall have been duly convicted: Religion, morality, and knowledge, being necessary to good government and the happiness of mankind, schools and the means of education shall forever be encouraged. No person, demeaning himself in a peaceable and orderly manner, shall ever be molested on account of his mode of worship or religious sentiments, in the said territory.
Northwest Ordinance Impact on Western Expansion –P–People began to move westward –L–Land was cheap/plentiful –S–Slavery was illegal –P–Public schools were mandatory
Impact on slavery –Ordinance banned slavery in the territory –Required runaway slaves to be returned to their owners
Northwest Ordinance Impact on public education –Required schools in each township
Northwest Ordinance Addition of new states States made from NW Ordinance: –O–Ohio –I–Indiana –M–Michigan –I–Illinois –W–Wisconsin
Jeffersons Presidency b. Describe Jeffersons diplomacy in obtaining the Louisiana Purchase from France and the territorys exploration by Lewis and Clark.
Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) Democratic- Republican –Favored smaller government –Feared industry –Supported by farmers, Southerners President of the United States: 1801-1809 (3 rd ) Man of the People
Louisiana Purchase (1803) Louisiana –French territory –Napoleons Plan = New World Empire –Loss of Haiti = No Empire –New Goal – sell to make $ Price: $15,000,000
Louisiana Purchase (1803) Jeffersons Problem: –Strict Constructionist – Constitution did not specify that he could buy the territory –Deal was too good to pass up
Lewis and Clark Expedition (1804-1806) –P–Purpose: Explore and map Louisiana Territory –L–Led by: Meriwether Lewis William Clark
Lewis and Clark Expedition Assisted by Sacajawea
War of 1812 c. Explain major reasons for the War of 1812 and the wars significance on the development of a national identity.
James Madison (1751-1836) Father of the Constitution Democratic- Republican Secretary of State under Jefferson –Signed agreement to purchase Louisiana President of the United States: 1809-1817 (4 th )
War of 1812 Causes: –Situation in Europe
War of 1812 Causes: Response to British/French Blockades: –E–Embargo Act of 1807 –N–Non-intercourse Act (1809) –B–British interference in American shipping Limited Trade U.S. France Great Britain Impressment of American seamen – captured & made to work on British ships Seizure of American ships – In case they were headed to France Chesapeake incident (1807) – UK ship attacked US ship, 18 dead
Causes: –Native American conflict in the West Leader of the Shawnee Attempted to organize a Native American alliance to fight the Americans The British supplied weapons to the Native Americans Tecumseh and his allied were finally defeated by General William Henry Harrison at the Battle of Tippecanoe, in present day Indiana
War of 1812 Causes: –War Hawks Members, mostly young, of Congress who supported war
War of 1812 Course of the War: –E–Early Naval Victories –I–Invasion of Canada –B–Burning of Washington
George Munger The Presidents House Watercolor, 1814
War of 1812 Course of the War: –B–Battle of New Orleans –T–Treaty of Ghent U.S. victoryLed by Gen. Andrew Jackson Means everything went back to the way it was before the war started The state which was Before War
War of 1812 Significance: Cultural –Star-Spangled Banner Francis Scott Key – In Defense of Ft. McHenry –Hunters of Kentucky
War of 1812 Significance: –Development of National Identity
Homework Write a paragraph How did the War of 1812 help develop a distinct American identity? (i.e. how was being American different from British)
Building the New Nation d. Describe the construction of the Erie Canal, the rise of New York City, and the development of the nations infrastructure.
Development of the Nations Infrastructure Transportation Problems: –P–Poor roads Difficult to move goods / people –S–Solution: Canals Steamboats Railroads Canal: man-made waterways, that connect lakes, rivers, or oceans and used for transportation DID YOU KNOW: The first steamboat capable of carrying cargo upstream was the Clermont, built by Robert Fulton in 1807.
Erie Canal Purpose: –Connect Hudson River with Great Lakes Fun Facts: –Length: 363 miles –Completed: 1825 –Cost: $7,000,000 DID YOU KNOW: The Erie Canal opened up interior New York for development. The cost of moving goods between New York City and Buffalo, NY was reduced by over 90% after the canal opened.
View of Erie Canal John William Hill, 1829 Watercolor on paper
Canals decreased the cost of transportation
Rise of New York City Became largest city in America Increased trade from canal/road systems
Monroe Doctrine e. Describe the reasons for and importance of the Monroe Doctrine
James Monroe (1758-1831) Democratic- Republican President of the United States: 1817-1825 (5 th )
Era of Good Feelings ~1817-1825 Little partisan activity –Federalist party had dissolved –Monroe received all but one Electoral vote in 1820
Monroe Doctrine U.S. policy first proclaimed by Pres. Monroe First issued December, 1823 European countries cannot colonize or interfere with nations in the Western hemisphere
Monroe Doctrine Reasons for: –European nations were seeking to reconquer their colonies Revolutions in Latin America during the early 1800s gave independence to many of these countries Napoleonic Wars were over
Monroe Doctrine Importance of: –Been used by many American Presidents to interfere in Latin America –N.B. At the time, the U.S. had little ability to enforce this declaration