Presentation on theme: "History of Modern Cuba SS6H3a – Student will be able to explain the impact of the Cuban Revolution."— Presentation transcript:
1 HistoryofModern CubaSS6H3a – Student will be able to explain the impact of the Cuban Revolution
2 The Spanish-American War: 1898 The Cuban “Melodrama”For about 400 years Spain ruled Cuba. In 1898, the United States helped defeat Spain in Cuba’s struggle for independence.The Spanish-American War: 1898
3 Remember the Maine! To Hxxx with Spain! The United States battleship Maine was sent to Havanna harbor in 1898 to protect Americans due to fighting on the island. It was sunk by Spain. US declared war and won the battle in August 1898.
4 American Soldiers in Cuba in 19022 Spain gave up power and a US military government ruled the island until 1902.
5 Cuban “Independence?” Platt Amendment (1903) Senator Orville Platt 1. Cuba was not to enter into any agreements with foreign powers that would endanger its independence.2. The U.S. could intervene in Cuban affairs if necessary to maintain an efficient, independent govt.3. Cuba must lease Guantanamo Bay to the U.S. for naval and coaling station.4. Cuba must not build up an excessive public debt.
6 Fulgencio BatistaBatista led a revolutionary group in 1933 which took control of the government. He ruled as a dictator until 1959 when he was overthrown by a young revolutionary named Fidel Castro.
8 What were some of Castro’s reforms? Castro’s government claimed ownership of American owned businesses.Farms, factories, and businesses owned by Cubans became government property.Castro had all Batista supporters arrested (most executed by firing squad, some spent decades in prison).Cubans no longer had the right to protest against the government.Cuban newspapers, radio, and television were shutdown. Government became the source of all news.Churches were closed, and all church property was taken by the government.
9 the United States responds and the Cold War heats up…..?1961 Because of these harsh events the United States placed an embargo on Cuban goods.The Soviet Union became friends with Cuba…* Bought Cuba’s sugarcane each year* Supplied Cuba weapons and other goods to Cuba* Soviet Union educated young Cubans* Soviet Union trained Cuba’s militaryUnited States did not allow travel by Americans to and from Cuba. It also tried to keep other countries from trading with Cuba.* Cuba tried to spread Communism into Latin America
10 The Bay of Pigs Fiasco: 1961In April 1961 Cuban exiles were promised direct military action, including air cover, to insure the success of an invasion. Instead JFK refused to send the aid (although he approved the invasion) and Castro’s forces crushed the invasion and captured most of the exiles. Exiles were later released in exchange for nonmilitary supplies …
21 The Cuban “Boat People” The Cuban Adjustment Act - 1966
22 The Refugee “Problem” Today Analyze the political cartoon on the left. What symbols do you recognize? Determine the meaning based on the symbols represented and the countries mentioned in the caption.
23 Castro at the United Nations US Embargo of Cuba
24 Fidel Castro TodayFidel Castro is rarely seen in public these days. How do the pictures in recent years portray the communist leader?
25 The Cuban People TodayUnder Castro’s rule the Cuban people have some benefits …Hospitals and schools were improved.Women and blacks became better educated and had better jobsBUT>Most parts of people’s lives are controlled by the governmentPeople who practiced their Christian religion were discriminated against.Although everyone was guaranteed a wage the income of most Cubans was low.Today, the country is one of the poorest in the region and its people live in one of the least free countries in the world