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African Slavery and its influence on the development of the Americas.

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Presentation on theme: "African Slavery and its influence on the development of the Americas."— Presentation transcript:

1 African Slavery and its influence on the development of the Americas

2 Slaves were often transported considerable distances down river (in this case the Congo) to be sold to Europeans Warring tribes would sell prisoners to Europeans in exchange for trinkets, rum, and eventually guns from Europe.

3 The Europeans built several castles and forts, along the coast of West Africa – Elmina, Cape Coast, etc.. These fortresses, otherwise known as 'factories', were the first permanent trading stations built by Europeans in Africa.

4 Slaves were packed tightly aboard ships bound for newly discovered lands to work in mines and on plantations. Natives of the land had died from diseases carried by Europeans. Africans were resistant to these diseases due to their long history of trading with Europeans.

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6 To preserve the human cargo on a slave ship, individuals were occasionally allowed up on deck for exercise (and to provide entertainment for the crew). Note that they are being 'encouraged' by sailors holding whips.

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8 What is it made of? What tools or techniques were needed to make it? Who might have made it? Did it require specialist skills to make? Is it decorated? How? Who might have used it? What was it used for? Did it have a practical function, or was it used in other ways? How large or heavy is it? Is it a valuable or rare object? What tool am I?

9 Make a list of adjectives that describe how you feel about the object above, demonstrating empathy as well as understanding. SHACKELS

10 What tool am I? What is it made of? What tools or techniques were needed to make it? Who might have made it? Did it require specialist skills to make? Is it decorated? How? Who might have used it? What was it used for? Did it have a practical function, or was it used in other ways? How large or heavy is it? Is it a valuable or rare object?

11 Make a list of adjectives that describe how you feel about the object above, demonstrating empathy as well as understanding. PUNISHMENT COLLAR

12 The Caribbean Islands were among the first regions of the New World to receive slaves from Africa. In the context of the transatlantic slave trade, the late seventeenth century was an important period for the Caribbean Islands, because it was then that the use of African slave labor expanded throughout the islands. The image is of a map of the Caribbean Islands and the continental coast of the Americas, stretching from northern South America to Virginia in the United States

13 SLAVERY BUILDS THE ECONOMY African slavery was very important in the development of the Caribbean islands and on the continent of South America. Slaves worked on massive sugar plantations, providing money for home countries. In the 1500s and 1600s, growing and selling sugarcane was the main source of income for Portuguese settlers in Brazil. Brazil also imported more slaves than any country in the world.

14 In the 1700s, sugarcane production on the islands of Jamaica and St. Dominique (now Haiti) surpassed that of Brazil. These British and French colonies provided lots of money to their home countries. In fact, the British considered Jamaica more valuable than the 13 colonies of the United States. There were many battles between European nations for control of the Caribbean islands.

15 Journal Response African slavery was very important to the development of the Americas because….


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