Presentation on theme: "The Trustee Period of Colonial Georgia People and Events."— Presentation transcript:
The Trustee Period of Colonial Georgia People and Events
GPS SS8H2b Evaluate the Trustee Period of Georgias colonial history, emphasizing the role of the Salzburgers, Highland Scots, malcontents, and the Spanish threat from Florida.
Essential questions? Other than founder, James Oglethorpe, what other individuals influenced the establishment and development of Georgias colonial society? Which cultural groups affected the Georgia colony and what were their contributions?
CULTURAL GROUP REASON TO COME TO GA ORGINAL HOME CONTRIBUTIONS TO GA COLONY ARTISANS JEWS SALZBURGERS MORAVIANS HIGHLAND SCOTS AFRICANS
I. Artisans (craftsmen) Reasonland and new opportunity (few were Debtors) From – England Contributions– **most of first settlers, prepared Savannah by clearing land, cutting down trees, and helping to build permanent homes **started a variety of businesses in colony
Questions from Georgia Stories Video What tasks did the colonist have to do? What attracted individuals to come to Georgia? What hardships did the first colonists have to endure?
II. Highland Scots Purpose– obtain land and opportunities FromScotland Contributions– founded town of Darien; Fought bravely at Battle of Bloody Marsh; Most were involved with Malcontents (opposed the rule of Trustees)
Questions from Video on Highland Scots Who owned the land that the Scots worked on when they lived in Scotland? How were the Highlander fighters similar to Native American warriors? What were the roles that women played when their husbands left the colony to fight the Spanish?
III. Jews Purpose– religious freedom From– Portugal Contributions– one member, Dr. Sam Nunis, helped heal colonists suffering from malaria; provide more men for depleted militia; oldest congregation in Georgia
Questions from video on the Jewish Congregation What options were given to the Jews in Spain and Portugal? What choices did the Jewish people make? Why did the Jews arrive in Savannah just in time?
IV. Africans Purposeforced, enslaved From– western coast and interior of Africa Contributions– carried African culture to New World; incorporated knowledge into tools, stories, and songs;
Questions on video on Africans? Even though they struggled being slaves, what did Africans pass onto the next generations? What were some of the skills from Africa? What part of Africa were most slaves in Georgia originally from? What did African slaves used in place of drums that were forbidden by their owners?
V. Salzburgers Purpose– Religious freedom From– Austria Contributions– built first settlement outside of Savannah (New Ebenezer) opposed slavery
Questions from video clip on Salzburgers How did the Salzburgers make it from Austria to Georgia? How did they first view Georgia when they first arrived? What opportunities did the Salzburgers realized they had in Georgia and not in their own country? What events ruined the town of New Ebenezer?
V. Moravians Purpose– missionary work, convert Native Americans From– Bohemia (present-day Czech Republic) Contribution– allowed women to be ministers and hold religious offices
Malcontents Blamed economic problems on regulations of Trustees Saw prosperity of South Carolina and wished to have large tracts of land (over 500 acres), rum, and slaves Colonists divided and many left the colony From 1743 to 1752, James Oglethorpe did not return and regulations were repealed
War of Jenkins's Ear Oglethorpe led force of 2,000 settlers and Native Americans into Florida 1740 beaten back at St. Augustine Fort Frederica July 1742 Battle of Bloody Marsh
What were the accomplishments and failures during the Trustees period? ( see page 128) Accomplishments Failures
Review SS8H2 Why was Georgia different from other colonies? Why was Georgia different from other colonies? How did Georgia help the English colonies? How did Georgia help the English colonies? Evaluate James Oglethorpes leadership Evaluate James Oglethorpes leadership What were some of the colonies struggles? What were some of the colonies struggles? Why did the trustees eventually lose their charter? Why did the trustees eventually lose their charter?