Presentation on theme: "Warm-up for 08.27.09 Tomorrow we will have our first quiz. You need to study the following items: Georgia’s Geography handout Georgia’s Physiographic Regions."— Presentation transcript:
1Warm-up forTomorrow we will have our first quiz. You need to study the following items:Georgia’s Geography handoutGeorgia’s Physiographic Regions OrganizerGeorgia Indian Traditions Organizer (Prehistory)
2Quiz Georgia’s Geography handout Know what hemisphere, continent, country, and region Georgia is located inKnow the 5 border states of GAGeorgia’s Physiographic Regions OrganizerBe able to label the 5 regions of GABe able to label and explain what the Fall Line isKnow what types of physical features, natural resources, jobs, major cities and attractions are found in each of the 5 regionsGeorgia Indian Traditions Organizer (Prehistory)Be able to identify a time period from prehistory if given a list of characteristics from that ageBe able to tell how and why Indian’s culture and way of life evolved over time
3Warm-up forWhat does the term “pre-history” mean, and how does it relate to GA Studies?**Have standards and a highlighter out after you finish warm-up.
4Warm-up forBased upon our work over the past 2 weeks, in which of GA’s 5 Physiographic Regions would you most like to live and work as an adult one day, and why?**Have standards and a highlighter out after you finish warm-up.**FYI - I will be giving you 10 min. to wrap up your projects for turn in.
5Warm-up forThe high mark of technological progress in the Paleo Period was the __________ and in the Archaic period it was the _______________.**Please have your book out and open to pg. 76. Otherwise open agenda to calendar for me to sign. : (
6Warm-up forWhat does the term “pre-history” mean, and how does it relate to GA Studies?**Please have your book out and open to pg. 75. Otherwise open agenda to calendar for me to sign.: (
7Warm-up forThe high mark of technological progress in the Woodland Period was the __________ and in the Mississippian period it was the _______________.**Please have your book out and open to pg. 78. Otherwise open agenda to calendar for me to sign.: (
8Warm-up forIn your opinion, _______________ was the greatest invention of the Paleo Period, and ______________ was the greatest invention of the Archaic period.**Please have your book out and open to pg. 77. Otherwise open agenda to calendar for me to sign. : (
9Um…the history before history… What is prehistory?Um…the history before history…
10Georgia’s Prehistoric Periods We will start on PAGE 162!
11The Paleo Period Paleo = “Very old” / few lived to be 30 yrs. old Dates11,000-8,000 B.C.Weapons“Clovis” pointsStone spear pointsKnives and scrapersAtlatl – used to propel spears long distancesFoodLarge game hunted animalsMammoths, bisons, ground sloths, and mastadonsWild berries and nuts gatheredDwellingsLived in groups of 20-50Nomadic = always on the move for food = no permanent housingSlept in caves, under cliffs, and dug out “sleeping pits”ReligionArtifacts to suggest general spirituality – nothing specific
13The Archaic Period Things becoming more settled Dwellings Dates8,000 – 1,500 B.C.WeaponsNew tools invented to save time and effortClovis points become smaller and sharperGrooved Axe – stone head w/ wood handle. Used primarily to chop wood / remove brushFoodHunted smaller game as period progressesDeer, bear, turkey, rabbit, birds, fishFishing and gathering importantLarge remains of middens (trash heaps of shells ) found on Stallings Island in GAInvented : Clay pots to store and transport food in createdDwellingsSmall groups gathered to form larger groups of : based on familiesWould move from season to seasonSemi-permanent housing w/ wooden poles covered by animal hides, braches, and barkReligionProper burial of the dead seems to be importantTools, weapons, and ornaments found in tombs
15Snapshots of Archaic-Indian Life Stallings Island: The oldest pottery in North America made from Spanish moss and clay was discovered here!Stallings Island:Stallings Island Site PotteryLocated in the Savannah River eight miles upstream from Augusta, the sixteen-acre island is the namesake of Stallings Culture and its hallmark pottery, Stallings fiber-tempered wares, the oldest pottery in North America.Stallings Island, a National Historic Landmark site, was a major settlement of Late Archaic Native Americans from 4,500 to 3,500 years ago.
16The Woodland Period The Mound-Builders! Dates Weapons Dwellings 1,000 B.C. – 1,000 A.D.WeaponsBow and Arrow – better accuracy/saves timeArrowheads become smaller and sharperFoodBeginning of HorticultureSeeds are saved for plantingNuts, corn, squash, and bottle-gourdDigging sticks for plantingSmall game huntedDwellingsMore sturdy houses as small groups join together and form tribesFlat-topped mounds for gathering/ceremoniesAnimal effigy mounds – Rock Eagle created in 200 A.D. near Eatonton.ReligionBurial mounds with more elaborate tombs containing jewelry, pottery, figurines, and ceremonial objects
17Snapshots of Woodland-Indian Life Evidence of long-distance tradingSnapshots of Woodland-Indian Life
18Snapshots of Woodland-Indian Life Rock Eagle:Kolomoki Mounds (1st in GA):Stallings Island Site Pottery
19The Mississippian Period The Europeans are coming soon!The Mississippian PeriodDates800 A.D. – about 1600 A.D.WeaponsAll tools and weapons from previous periods – only better-made and more effectiveFoodGrew most foodCorn, beans, pumpkin, and squashUsed slash-and-burn techniqueStored food in storehouses for a constant supplyDwellingsLarge-scale communities w/ palisades and moatsSeveral 1,000 families living togetherWattle and daub houses made of clay, wood, and forest brushMound communities like Etowah and Ocmulgee Indians Mounds in Macon.ReligionPriest-chief presides over religious ceremoniesReligious aspects controlled by govt.
21Snapshots of Mississippian-Indian Life Etowah Indian Mounds:Stallings Island Site Pottery
22End of Prehistory?Prehistory ends in Georgia with the arrival of Spanish-Explorer Hernando deSoto. (around 1539)Beginning of traditional European written records of GA
23Brief Look at Spanish Exploration of the Americas Leif Ericsson (Iceland) – 1000 A.D.Newfoundland – CanadaChristopher Columbus (Spain) – 1492Dominican RepublicLater called HispaniolaJuan Ponce de Leon (Spain) – 1513FloridaHernando Cortes (Spain) – 1519Mexico (Aztecs)
24Brief Look at Spanish Exploration of the Americas Panfilo de Narvaez (Spain) – 1527Tampa BayFrancisco Pizarro (Spain) – 1535Peru (Incas)Cabeza de Vaca (Spain) 1538One of 4 survivors of Narvaez Exp.Florida, Gulf Coast, Texas, and MexicoAT SAME TIME AS DE SOTO –Francisco Vázquez de CoronadoNew Mexico (7 Cities of Gold)
25Brief Look at Spanish Exploration of the Americas AT SAME TIME AS DE SOTO –Francisco Vázquez de CoronadoNew Mexico (7 Cities of Gold)
26Brief Look at Spanish Exploration of the Americas DE SOTO’s ROUTE (1539) –
27Brief Look at European Exploration of the Americas What did they want?GOLD, RICHES, and FAME!