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Age of Enlightenment How did Enlightenment thinkers influence society around them? What were the major ideas of the Enlightenment?

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Presentation on theme: "Age of Enlightenment How did Enlightenment thinkers influence society around them? What were the major ideas of the Enlightenment?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Age of Enlightenment How did Enlightenment thinkers influence society around them? What were the major ideas of the Enlightenment?

2 Enlightenment Age of rational thinking to solve human problems. Followed up on the Scientific Revolution. Led by Philosophes – intellectual thinkers of Enlightenment Social commentators

3 Enlightenment Philosophes

4 Modern-Day Philosophes?

5 Philosophes Social Commentators of The Enlightenment Intellectual leaders who led the movement Influenced many societies and governments throughout Europe Many Philosophes had a direct influence on the American style of government

6 John Locke Belief that everyone was born a blank slate – tabula rasa People are formed by their beliefs and experiences Belief in natural rights of man – life, liberty, property

7 Baron de Montesquieu Belief in 2 major concepts for government Separation of Powers Checks and Balances

8 Jean Jacques Rousseau Belief in the social contract and popular sovereignty Rule should be based on good of the people Favored an enlightened despot as a leader

9 Voltaire Satirical writer of the Enlightenment Criticized organized religion Exposed evils of society through comedic social commentary

10 Diderot Editor of 1 st Encyclopedias

11 Adam Smith Enlightenment Economist Wrote Wealth of Nations, 1776 Believed in invisible hand of free enterprise Laissez-faire economics – people should do what they want to do

12 Mary Wollstonecraft Pushed for womens rights Believed women have same rights as men

13 Spread of Enlightenment Ideals Explosion of printed works – magazines, books, journals, newspaper articles Salons – entertaining rooms for the wealthy where enlightenment ideals were discussed and debated


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