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Trends in the Periodic TableTrend – (n). A general inclination or tendency. example: The trend for weather in the summer in North Carolina is hot and humid.
TRANSITION METALS LANTHANIDES ACTINIDES ALKALINE EARTH METALSNITROGEN FAMILY OXYGEN FAMILY NOBLE GASES ALKALINE EARTH METALS BORON FAMILY HALOGEN FAMILY CARBON FAMILY ALKALI METALS TRANSITION METALS LANTHANIDES ACTINIDES
Hydrogen PROPERTIES: 1 nonmetal 1 electron in outer shell Reactive
ALKALI METALS PROPERTIES: All metals 1 electron in outer shellGROUP 1 PROPERTIES: All metals 1 electron in outer shell Very reactive; most reactive metals
ALKALINE EARTH METALS (AEM)GROUP 2 PROPERTIES: All metals 2 electrons in outer shell Very reactive; 2nd most reactive group of metals
TRANSITION METALS PROPERTIES: Contains all metalsGROUP 3 – 12 PROPERTIES: Contains all metals 1 or 2 electrons in outer shell Reactive,3rd most reactive group of metals
TRANSITION METALS 3 – 12
LANTHANIDES a group of metalsWITHIN PERIOD 6 PROPERTIES: Reactive metals
ACTINIDES a group of metalsWITHIN PERIOD 7 PROPERTIES: Very unstable nuclei, radioactive Most are not found in nature
BORON FAMILY PROPERTIES: 1 metalloid, 4 metalsGROUP 13 PROPERTIES: 1 metalloid, 4 metals 3 electrons in outer shell Reactive
CARBON FAMILY PROPERTIES: 1 nonmetal, 2 metalloids, 2 metalsGROUP 14 PROPERTIES: 1 nonmetal, 2 metalloids, 2 metals 4 electrons in outer level Reactivity varies among the elements
NITROGEN FAMILY PROPERTIES: 2 nonmetals, 2 metalloids, 1 metalGROUP 15 PROPERTIES: 2 nonmetals, 2 metalloids, 1 metal 5 electrons in outer level Reactivity varies among the elements
OXYGEN FAMILY PROPERTIES: 3 nonmetals, 1 metalloid, 1 metalGROUP 16 PROPERTIES: 3 nonmetals, 1 metalloid, 1 metal 6 electrons in outer level Reactivity varies among the elements
HALOGEN FAMILY PROPERTIES : All nonmetals 7 electrons in outer levelGROUP 17 PROPERTIES : All nonmetals 7 electrons in outer level Very reactive
NOBLE GASES PROPERTIES: All nonmetalsGROUP 18 PROPERTIES: All nonmetals 8 electrons in outer level (except Helium which has 2) Unreactive
The Groups you need to know:Hydrogen Alkali Metals Alkaline Earth Metals Transition Metals Lanthanides Actinides Boron Family Carbon Family Nitrogen Family Oxygen Family Halogen Family Noble Gases
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Groups in the Periodic Table. Alkali Metals Group # 1 1 valence electron Properties: very soft and shiny, low density (some float in water), most.
ATOMIC BASICS. ELEMENTS AN ELEMENT IS A SUBSTANCE MADE UP OF ONLY ONE KIND OF ATOM.
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