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PRODUCT SERVICE MGT 3.03 Understands the concepts and processes needed to obtain, develop, maintain, and improve a product or service mix in response to.

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Presentation on theme: "PRODUCT SERVICE MGT 3.03 Understands the concepts and processes needed to obtain, develop, maintain, and improve a product or service mix in response to."— Presentation transcript:

1 PRODUCT SERVICE MGT 3.03 Understands the concepts and processes needed to obtain, develop, maintain, and improve a product or service mix in response to market opportunities Employ product-mix strategies to meet customer expectations. Explain the concept of product mix

2 Product Planning How are decisions made to introduce new products and delete old ones?

3 What is Product Planning? Product Planning: The decisions made about what features should be used in selling of a businesss products. These decisions relate to : packaging labeling warranties guarantees branding product mix

4 Product Planning Involves making decisions about those features that are needed to sell a businesss products, services, or ideas.

5 What is Product Planning? (cont.) Product Mix: All the different products that a company makes or sells. Product Line: A group of closely related products manufactured or sold by a business. Product Item: A specific model, brand, or size of a product within a product line. Product Width: The number of different product lines a business manufactures or sells. Product Depth: The number of product items in a product line.

6 A well defined product plan allows a business to: Create sales opportunities. Design appropriate marketing programs. Develop effective advertising campaigns. Coordinate the product mix offered to customers. Add new products. Delete older products that no longer appeal to customers What is Product Planning? (cont.)

7 4 Ps of the PRODUCT MIX PRICE PRODUCT PLACE PROMOTION

8 PRODUCT MIX = all the types of products a company makes or sells. The particular assortment of goods and services that a business offers to meet the needs of its market(s) and its company goals.

9 Product Mix and Product Line PRODUCT MIX The set of all products offered for sale by a company PRODUCT MIX The set of all products offered for sale by a company PRODUCT LINE A broad group of products for similar uses and with similar characteristics PRODUCT LINE A broad group of products for similar uses and with similar characteristics

10 Product Mix Includes all the different products that a company makes or sells.

11 Identify ways in which product lines can be organized. Product Line = group of closely related products manufactured by a business Product Item = specific model, brand, or size of a product within a line Ex: P&G has over 250 products within 21 product lines Dish care is a product line Cascade, Dawn, Joy, & Ivory are product items

12 Describe product mix dimensions. Some companies have different brands for different markets Coca-Cola has different drinks for sparkling beverages, water, juice, performance, coffee, tea, and international flavors.

13 Product Line A group of closely related products manufactured and/or sold by a business.

14 Product Item A specific model, brand, or size of a product within a product line.

15 DIMENSIONS WIDTH = number of product lines carried by a company. NARROW = offering a limited number of product lines BROAD = many different product lines carried DEPTH = number of products and the assortment of sizes, colors, and models offered in a product line SHALLOW = limited variety within a product line DEEP = extensive variety within a product line

16 BREADTH The number of product lines carried Product Mix DEPTH Variety of sizes, colors, models within a product line PRODUCT MIX

17 Product Width Oral Care Blades & Razors Personal Care BatteriesAppliances Width of the Gillette Product Mix The number of different product lines a business manufactures or sells.

18 Product Depth Oral Care Blades & Razors Personal Care BatteriesAppliances The number of product items offered within each product line.

19 NARROW PRODUCT MIX = Limited product lines carried, typically very specialized. A description of the width of a business's product mix offering a limited number of product lines.

20 Broad Product Mix = Many different product lines carried. A description of the width of a business's product mix offering many product lines.

21 Shallow Product Mix = Limited variety within a product line. A description of the depth of a business's product mix offering few items in the product line.

22 Deep Product Mix = Extensive variety within a product line. A description of the depth of a business's product mix offering a great many items in the product line.

23 Identify reasons that a business would offer a narrow product mix. Product Width – number of different product lines CONTRACTING - Pruning weak brands can strengthen the remaining brands in the line. Ease on management Cost effective Simplicity Consistency

24 Identify reasons that a business would offer a broad product mix. Product Width – number of different product lines EXPANDING Reach all markets Competitive advantage Ex: Red Lobster specializes in seafood, but offers chicken and steak to broaden their product mix.

25 Identify reasons that a business would offer a deep product mix. Product Depth – number of items offered within each product line EXPANDING Variety Quantity Ex: Kohls carries various quantities of sizes, colors, & styles of Levi Jeans.

26 Identify reasons that a business would offer a shallow product mix. Product Depth – number of items offered within each product line CONTRACTING Cost effective Satisfy small markets Ex: Only 2 chicken items on Red Lobsters menu.

27 REVIEW: What are some key product mix strategies?

28 Product-Mix Strategies Alteration of existing products Alteration of existing products Contraction Trading Up and Trading Down Trading Up and Trading Down Expansion

29 Explain the importance of a businesss product mix. Businesses must plan their product mix carefully because they cannot offer all the products that customers may want. They should be a profitable market for product offered by a company

30 How do businesses determine which products to produce and sell? Businesses will use different product mix strategies to determine what to produce or sell. Product mix strategies depend on: Resources Objectives Past and current sales Consumer trends

31 Product Mix Strategies The plan for how the business determines which products it will make or stock May develop completely new products May expand or modify their current product lines May drop existing products

32 EXPANSION

33 Developing New Products Generating Ideas Come from a variety of sources Creativity is essential Screening Ideas Ideas are evaluated and matched against the companys overall objectives.

34 Developing New Products (cont.) Developing a Business Proposal Consider a products potential sales, costs, and production requirements. Developing the Product The new idea takes physical shape Marketers develop a marketing strategy. Testing the Product with consumers

35 Developing New Products (cont.) Introducing the Product The product has been researched successfully This stage also is called commercialization. Evaluating Customer Acceptance Marketers track new product performance.

36 EXPANSION ADVANTAGES Extend product lifecycle Adding items to a product line or introducing an entire product line can capture market share and meet customers needs and wants. DISADVANTAGES Adding items to a product line or introducing an entire product line can be expensive, be difficult to manage, and not always be successful.

37 Deleting a Product or Product Line Obsolescence Loss of appeal Conflict with current company objectives Replacement with new products Lack of profit Conflict with other products in the line

38 CONTRACTION ADVANTAGES Cut losses Reallocate resources to more profitable products Deleting products from a product line or the entire product line can be cost effective and easier to manage while creating simplicity and consistency DISADVANTAGES Deleting products from a product line or the entire product line is conceding market share to your competitors. It may be wiser to improve the existing product or line to recapture market share.

39 Describe alteration product-mix strategies. Alteration of Existing Products: Making changes to meet customer needs & wants Improve an established product with new design, new package, new uses. Ex: Jeep offering 4 doors

40 Developing Existing Products (ALTERATION) Companies constantly review their product mix to see if they can further expand their product lines or modify existing products. Two ways to do this:

41 Developing Existing Products (cont.) Original Product Newer Products Line Extensions – new product lines, items, or services

42 Product Modifications – an alteration in a companys existing product Developing Existing Products (cont.)

43 ALTERATION ADVANTAGES Improving an established product can capture new customers and meet customers unmet wants as trends change. Ex: McDonalds opening stores in India DISADVANTAGES Improving an established product is expensive and not always a success. Example: New Coke

44 Product Mix Strategies Developing New Products Follows seven steps: Generate Ideas Screen Ideas Develop a Business Proposal Test the product with consumers Introduce the product Evaluate customer acceptance

45 Product Mix Strategies (cont) Developing Existing Products Line Extensions: Adding new product lines, items or services. Ex: Tylonol Product Modifications: An alteration to an existing product: New and different varieties Formulations Colors Styles Features Sizes

46 Product Mix Strategies (cont) Deleting a Product or Product Line Obsolescence Loss of Appeal Changes in Company Objectives Replacement with New Products Lack of Profit Conflict with other products in the line

47 Describe trading up / down product-mix strategies. Trading up: Adding a higher-priced product to a line to attract a higher- income market and improve the sales of existing lower-priced products. Trading down: Adding a lower-priced item to a line of prestige products to encourage purchases from people who cannot afford the higher-priced product, but want the status.

48 TRADING UP ADVANTAGES Adding higher priced items to a product line will attract the higher income market and may help increase the image and sales of the lower priced items. DISADVANTAGES While sales may be generated for the new product or line, sales of established products may decline. If the business uses trading up to enhance its image, the business must be careful that present customers are not lost in the process of gaining new ones. Customers may become confused as to what the companys image is meant to be, or they may refuse to believe that better quality merchandise can be purchased from a business that had formerly sold budget goods. Adding higher priced items to a product line is expensive and may not attract new customers while hurting the image and sales of the lower priced items.

49 TRADING DOWN ADVANTAGES Adding lower priced items to a product line of prestige products can capture a lower income market who cannot afford the higher priced items. DISADVANTAGES Adding lower priced items to a product line of prestige products can hurt the image and sales of the higher priced items in the line Consumers may be confused about the new product or line. Profits from the cheaper product may be eroded by reduced sales in the more expensive line. Dealers may not be willing to add the lower priced product to their offering. Competition may become stronger at the high end of the market. Gaining short-term sales at the expense of long term sales

50 How are products/services positioned in the market place?

51 POSITIONING is about bringing attention to products and DIFFERENTIATING them from similar ones.

52 Positioning the Product COMPETITORCOMPETITOR High price/high quality or low price High price/high quality or low price Differential advantage Differential advantage Associated with attractive attribute Associated with attractive attribute PRODUCT CLASS OR ATTRIBUTE OR ATTRIBUTE PRODUCT CLASS OR ATTRIBUTE OR ATTRIBUTE PRICE AND QUALITY PRICE

53 Product Positioning = the IMAGE a product projects The goal is to set the product apart from the competition. The way you get into your customers mind. The efforts a business makes to identify, place, and sell its products.

54 Describe positioning product-mix strategies. Positioning – is all about perception; actions marketers take to create a certain image of a product in the minds of the customers In Relation to a Competitor In Relation to a Product Class or Attribute In Relation to a Target Market By Price and Quality Difficult to change

55 Product Positioning Product positioning: Efforts a business makes to identify, place and sell its products in the marketplace. Positioning by price and quality: Ex: Ford Motor Company positions its Focus as an economical passenger car while still emphasizing quality.

56 Positioning by Price & Quality Offer economy, mid-priced, and luxury lines

57 Product Positioning (cont) Positioning by features and benefits: Ex: Oil of Olay was positioned as a premium facial moisturizer and cleanser to keep skin soft and young. Positioning by unique characteristics: Ex: Cell phones that can text message or take pictures and send them.

58 Positioned by Features & Benefits Unique characteristics

59 Product Positioning (cont) Positioning in relation to the competition: Ex: Warner-Lambert Company introduced Cool Mint Listerine by positioning against the theraputic benefits of Original Listerine and the cosmetic benefits of Scope. Positioning in relation to other products in a line: Ex: Binney & Smith introduced washable crayons and positioned them as a specialty item in the companys Crayola crayon line.

60 Positioning in Relation to the Competition

61 Positioning in Relation to Other Products in a Line

62 POSITIONING STRATEGIES ADVANTAGES Creating an identity of a product helps find a place for the product in the marketplace while strongly identifying with a specific target market and possibly creating brand loyalty. DISADVANTAGES Images of a product are difficult to change once they are established and very expensive.

63 6 Steps to Successful Positioning 1. What position do you currently own? 2. What position do you want to own? 3. Whom you have to defeat to own the position you want. 4. Do you have the resources to do it? 5. Can you persist until you get there? 6. Are your tactics supporting the positioning objective you set?


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