Presentation on theme: "HUMID TROPICAL (Tropical Wet)"— Presentation transcript:
1 HUMID TROPICAL (Tropical Wet) Low Latitude Climate ZoneCharacteristics: Hot temperatures all year long.Rainy all yearVegetation: Broad- leaf trees. Often forms a canopy with shrubs on earth floor (tropical rain forests)Location: Africa, South America, and AsiaUnique Feature: Monsoon wind (seasonal winds thatchange direction)Summer Monsoon: Blows over water and brings moisture.Winter Monsoon: Blows over land and is dry
7 SAVANNA (Tropical Wet and Dry) Low Latitude Climate ZoneCharacteristics: Hot temperatures for the majority of year. Has a wet season and a dry season. (See elephant and giraffe posters In classroom.)Vegetation: Grasslands with few scattered trees.Location: Africa and Australia (Outback)
11 ANY Latitude Climate Zone DESERT (Dry Climate)ANY Latitude Climate ZoneCharacteristics: Less than 10 inches of rain per year. Temperatures may be hot or cold depending on elevation and latitude.Vegetation: Specially adapted plants to the dry conditions.Location: All continents
16 STEPPE or SEMIARID (Dry Climate) ANY Latitude Climate ZoneCharacteristics: Up to 20 inches of rain per year.Vegetation: Generally grasslandsLocation: All continents. Usually located in the interior and often borders a desert.
19 Mediterranean Climate Middle Latitude Climate ZoneCharacteristics: Dry, hot summers and wet, mild winters.Vegetation: Forests, grasses, and shrubsLocation: Areas near the Mediterranean Sea. In the U.S. – southern CaliforniaDangers: Wildfires in the dry summer and mud slides in the wet winter
21 California firefighter hosing down Mediterranean plant life to stop the spread of a summer wildfire.
22 Results of a mudslide in southern California due to Mediterranean winter rains.
23 Marine West Coast Climate Middle Latitude Climate ZoneCharacteristics: Rainy year round; mild temperatures year round due to nearness of large bodies of waterVegetation: Mixed forests of broadleaf (deciduous) and evergreen trees (coniferous); possible only evergreen forestsLocation: Large portion of Western Europe; in the U.S. – NW states (northern CA, OR, WA)
26 Coast redwoods, the world’s tallest tree, can reach in excess Coast Redwoods, the world's tallest tree, can reach in excess of 300 feet tall.Coastredwoods,the world’stallest tree, canreach in excessof 300 feet tall.
27 Humid Subtropical Climate Middle Latitude Climate ZoneCharacteristics: Long hot, humid summers; cool winters with some chance of snow. Precipitation all year.Vegetation: Mixed forests of broadleaf (deciduous) and evergreen trees (coniferous); possible only evergreen forestsLocation: Usually the SE region of a continent. In U.S. – Southern and Gulf Coast states: NC, SC, GA, FL, LA, MS, AL, ARDangers: Severe storms with heavy rains, strong winds, and high seas called hurricanes or typhoons
30 Mississippi's humid subtropical climate provides for heavy growth of greenery such as this scene.
31 Humid Continental Climate Middle Latitude Climate ZoneCharacteristics: Extreme change in temperatures from summer to winter. Summers can be warm to hot and winters can be very cold. Precipitation is year round. Four distinct seasonal changes.Vegetation: Mixed forests of broadleaf (deciduous) and evergreen trees (coniferous); grasslandsLocation: Usually the interior region of a continent. In U.S. – Midwestern states and NE corner (New England)Dangers: Severe wind storms usually at the change of cold to warm season. These are called tornadoes.
32 Midwestern U.S. grasslands also known as prairies
37 High Latitude Climate Zone Tundra ClimateHigh Latitude Climate ZoneCharacteristics: “Summerless” – at least 9 months are below freezing; precipitation is usually below 10 inchesVegetation: Vast treeless plains with low grasses, moss, and lichens (fungus)Location: Above Arctic Circle and Antarctica peninsulasUnique trait: Permafrost – ground is permanently frozen year round. Only the top few inches may thaw into wet marshes in the summer. Mosquitoes will breed in this environment.
38 Ice mounds are common on the tundra where the permafrost lies under the surface.
39 Tundra Soil Peeled Back at Level of Permafrost - Alaska
41 Fireweed gives unexpected burst of color to tundra.
42 High Latitude Climate Zone Icecap ClimateHigh Latitude Climate ZoneCharacteristics: Summerless – ALL months are below freezing; Extremely low amounts of precipitation; windy; world’s lowest temperaturesVegetation: Little to no vegetationLocation: Interior of Greenland and the Antarctica continent
44 A crack in the Greenland icecap with a waterfall inside.
45 Highland Climate All Climate Zones Characteristics: Temperatures and precipitation varies with elevation. Temperatures become colder the higher the elevation. Generally more precipitation the higher the elevation until eventually little to no precipitation.Vegetation: Vegetation is greater at the base of the highland. Eventually there can be no vegetation due to extreme coldness and lack of moisture.