Presentation on theme: "HUMID TROPICAL (Tropical Wet) Low Latitude Climate Zone Characteristics: Hot temperatures all year long. Rainy all year Vegetation: Broad- leaf trees."— Presentation transcript:
HUMID TROPICAL (Tropical Wet) Low Latitude Climate Zone Characteristics: Hot temperatures all year long. Rainy all year Vegetation: Broad- leaf trees. Often forms a canopy with shrubs on earth floor (tropical rain forests) Location: Africa, South America, and Asia Unique Feature: Monsoon wind (seasonal winds that change direction) Summer Monsoon: Blows over water and brings moisture. Winter Monsoon: Blows over land and is dry
Rain forest canopy in India
Views of a rain forest
Heavy water-logging due to incessant monsoon rain in New Delhi on June 26, 2008.
Road and fields that previously were under water in Cambodia
SAVANNA (Tropical Wet and Dry) Low Latitude Climate Zone Characteristics: Hot temperatures for the majority of year. Has a wet season and a dry season. (See elephant and giraffe posters In classroom.) Vegetation: Grasslands with few scattered trees. Location: Africa and Australia (Outback)
View of an African savanna
Wet season in African savanna. What is in the tree?
Dry season in the African savanna
DESERT (Dry Climate) ANY Latitude Climate Zone Characteristics: Less than 10 inches of rain per year. Temperatures may be hot or cold depending on elevation and latitude. Vegetation: Specially adapted plants to the dry conditions. Location: All continents
Spring flowers in the Sahara Desert
Sand dunes in the Sahara Desert
Negev Desert in Israel
Badlands in the Negev Desert, Israel
STEPPE or SEMIARID (Dry Climate) ANY Latitude Climate Zone Characteristics: Up to 20 inches of rain per year. Vegetation: Generally grasslands Location: All continents. Usually located in the interior and often borders a desert.
Gazelles on the eastern steppe of Mongolia
Mediterranean Climate Middle Latitude Climate Zone Characteristics: Dry, hot summers and wet, mild winters. Vegetation: Forests, grasses, and shrubs Location: Areas near the Mediterranean Sea. In the U.S. – southern California Dangers: Wildfires in the dry summer and mud slides in the wet winter
Mountain covered with Mediterranean vegetation
California firefighter hosing down Mediterranean plant life to stop the spread of a summer wildfire.
Results of a mudslide in southern California due to Mediterranean winter rains.
Marine West Coast Climate Middle Latitude Climate Zone Characteristics: Rainy year round; mild temperatures year round due to nearness of large bodies of water Vegetation: Mixed forests of broadleaf (deciduous) and evergreen trees (coniferous); possible only evergreen forests Location: Large portion of Western Europe; in the U.S. – NW states (northern CA, OR, WA)
Redwood forest in northern California
Coast Redwoods, the world's tallest tree, can reach in excess of 300 feet tall. Coast redwoods, the worlds tallest tree, can reach in excess of 300 feet tall.
Humid Subtropical Climate Middle Latitude Climate Zone Characteristics: Long hot, humid summers; cool winters with some chance of snow. Precipitation all year. Vegetation: Mixed forests of broadleaf (deciduous) and evergreen trees (coniferous); possible only evergreen forests Location: Usually the SE region of a continent. In U.S. – Southern and Gulf Coast states: NC, SC, GA, FL, LA, MS, AL, AR Dangers: Severe storms with heavy rains, strong winds, and high seas called hurricanes or typhoons
Middle Latitude Climate Zone Locations
Humid subtropical forest
Mississippi's humid subtropical climate provides for heavy growth of greenery such as this scene.
Humid Continental Climate Middle Latitude Climate Zone Characteristics: Extreme change in temperatures from summer to winter. Summers can be warm to hot and winters can be very cold. Precipitation is year round. Four distinct seasonal changes. Vegetation: Mixed forests of broadleaf (deciduous) and evergreen trees (coniferous); grasslands Location: Usually the interior region of a continent. In U.S. – Midwestern states and NE corner (New England) Dangers: Severe wind storms usually at the change of cold to warm season. These are called tornadoes.
Midwestern U.S. grasslands also known as prairies
Wheat field after a storm
Hoxie, Kansas, tornado in 2008
Subarctic Climate (Taiga) High Latitude Climate Zone Characteristics: Brief, cool summers; long, bitterly cold winters Vegetation: Large evergreen (coniferous) forests Location: Near Arctic Circle
Large, coniferous woodlands
Tundra Climate High Latitude Climate Zone Characteristics: Summerless – at least 9 months are below freezing; precipitation is usually below 10 inches Vegetation: Vast treeless plains with low grasses, moss, and lichens (fungus) Location: Above Arctic Circle and Antarctica peninsulas Unique trait: Permafrost – ground is permanently frozen year round. Only the top few inches may thaw into wet marshes in the summer. Mosquitoes will breed in this environment.
Ice mounds are common on the tundra where the permafrost lies under the surface.
Tundra Soil Peeled Back at Level of Permafrost - Alaska
Fireweed gives unexpected burst of color to tundra.
Icecap Climate High Latitude Climate Zone Characteristics: Summerless – ALL months are below freezing; Extremely low amounts of precipitation; windy; worlds lowest temperatures Vegetation: Little to no vegetation Location: Interior of Greenland and the Antarctica continent
The South Pole
A crack in the Greenland icecap with a waterfall inside.
Highland Climate All Climate Zones Characteristics: Temperatures and precipitation varies with elevation. Temperatures become colder the higher the elevation. Generally more precipitation the higher the elevation until eventually little to no precipitation. Vegetation: Vegetation is greater at the base of the highland. Eventually there can be no vegetation due to extreme coldness and lack of moisture.