2FUNGI We have already learned about Bacteria, Viruses, and Protists Now it’s time to study FungiMICROBES:VirusesBacteriaProtistsFungi
3FUNGI The plural of fungus is fungi Fungi = EUKARYOTES Fungi have CELL WALLSFungi = HETEROTROPHSFungi use SPORES to reproduceThey live in moist, warm places.
4FUNGI THE 3 GROUPS OF FUNGI: Sac Fungi Club Fungi Zygote Fungi See Figure 18 Pg 481 for more info
5FUNGI Hyphae are found in multi-cellular fungi. They are the branching, threadlike tubes that make up the bodies of multi-cellular fungi.Hyphae can look very different from fungus to fungus.They are used for obtaining food.
6FUNGI Mushrooms are fungi. What you see are the Hyphae. On the Cap the Hyphae are really close together.Underground the Hyphae are spaced out more.
8HYPHAE The Hyphae grow into the orange. Digestive chemicals ooze into the orange.Once the pieces are small, the Hyphae absorb the food.
9FUNGIFungi can reproduce SEXUALLY or ASEXUALLY depending upon whether conditions are good or bad.ASEXUALproduce Sporesundergo BuddingSEXUALHyphae join and share DNA (like conjugation)
10REPRODUTION for Multi-cellular Fungi (GOOD CONDITIONS) SPORES = lightweight, tiny cell that is able to grow into a new organism.They can be carried by the air or water.Fungi produce MILLIONS of spores.Most do not survive, others grow into the type of fungus that created them.When conditions are GOOD, MULTI-CELLULAR fungi produce spores.This is ASEXUAL reproduction, because the spores will grow into fungi that are identical to the parents.
11FUNGI FRUITING BODIES = Reproductive structures that produce spores. They look different from one type of fungus to the next.
12REPRODUTION for Unicellular Fungi (GOOD CONDITIONS) BUDDING = the process where a small cell grows from the body of a parent cell.The new cell then breaks off from the parent and lives on its own.This is ASEXUAL reproduction, because the new fungus is identical to the parent fungus.
14FUNGIDuring bad conditions, most fungi can reproduce sexually by sharing their DNA. The process is kind of like CONJUGATION.The Hyphae grow together.DNA is exchanged.Spores are produced.Spores develop into fungi that are DIFFERENT than the parents.
15FUNGIA LICHEN = a fungi and either algae or an autotrophic bacterium that live together in a mutualistic relationship.Lichens are used to study air pollution because they are very sensitive.
17FUNGI HOW FUNGI REPRODUCE: Produce Spores (Asexual, Multi-cellular, Good Conditions)By Budding (Asexual, Unicellular, Good Conditions)Hyphae grow together and share DNA (Sexual, Multi-cellular, Bad Conditions)
18Living orNon-LivingLivingStructureThey have cell walls.Cells are arranged in Hyphae.Different Typesof FungiClub FungiSac FungiZygote FungiHow theyReproduceSpores (multi-cellular) – AsexualBudding (unicellular) – AsexualHyphae join together – SexualSize of FungiMicroscopic to bigger than 1000 football fields. They can be unicellular or multi-cellular.
19Good things Fungi do Decompose dead organisms. Recycle living organisms into nutrients for the soil.For making food (bread, cheese, mushrooms)Make medicine (penicillin)Helps plants grow larger and healthier.
20Bad things Fungi doEat living organisms.Cause disease in organisms