2assonance the repetition of vowel sounds (a,e,i,o,u). the cat in the hat is fat.
3alliteration the repetition of consonant sounds. sally sold sea shells by the sea shore.
4epica long, serious poem about a hero”the odyssey”
5blank verse unrhymed poem in iambic pentameter “the ball poem” what is the boy now, who has lost his ball, what, what is he to do? I saw it go merrily bouncing, down the street, and then merrily over there it’s in water!
6ballada long poem that can be sung”gilligan’s island”
10hyperbolean exaggerationthere is a million people in the hallway
11meter the number of syllables in a line i like to eat beans (5) more than i like candy (6)beans make me smile (5)and sometimes fart (4)
12acrostic poem a poem that spells something out don’t poop in the floor or mom will get madgo potty outside!
13tanka a japanese poem of 5 lines line 1&3 : 5 syllables
14stanza two or more lines in a poem a poem’s “paragraph” a longing the longing penetrates the heart deeply the days go by ever so slowly sunrise to sunset there’s only you in my memory heaviness sets in as my eyes become teary.opening the window I see the moon shining brightly illuminating the darkness giving hope to many but no matter how hard I stare at nature’s beauty it just isn’t as magical without you beside me.the alarm rings and birds are chirping noisily a new day and a new beginning it should be but the same yearning occupies my mind so strongly because in my heart the love for you burns eternally.two or more lines in a poema poem’s “paragraph”
15epitaph a short poem written on a tombstone bob was here now he’s gone no need to fearhe’s not alone
16couplet two rhyming lines beans, beans they’re good for your heart, the more you eat them, the more you fart.
17shape poema poem written in the shape of the topic
18foottwo syllableshow do i love thee now6 syllables = 3 feet
19haiku a 3-lined japanese poem about nature line 2 : 7 syllables
20refrain the “chorus” or repeat of the poem so delicious (It's hot, hot) so delicious (I put them boys on rock, rock) so delicious (they wanna slice of what I got) fergalicious (t-t-t-t-t-tasty, tasty)
21iambic pentameter 10 syllables per line i love to eat apples and bananas (10)
22free verse rhymed or unrhymed poetry with no set meter free-style raps are types of free verse
23onomatopoeiaimitation of soundsbuzz, rawr, whap!
24personification giving non-human things, human characteristics a talking lion, a whispering wind, a smiling sun