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* What events helped establish our new govt? Washington and the Presidency - leadership style / personality - leadership style / personality Judiciary.

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Presentation on theme: "* What events helped establish our new govt? Washington and the Presidency - leadership style / personality - leadership style / personality Judiciary."— Presentation transcript:

1 * What events helped establish our new govt? Washington and the Presidency - leadership style / personality - leadership style / personality Judiciary Act of 1789 passed - structure - structure B of R ratified Tariff 5% passed Cabinet created 1 3 13

2 The first cabinet Thomas Jefferson- Secy. of State Alexander Hamilton- Secy. of the Treasury Henry Knox- Secy. of War Edmund Randolph – Attorney General

3 * Why/How did the 2 party system develop Ratification Jefferson vs. Hamilton: Cabinet Cabinet Hamiltons Economic plan Hamiltons Economic plan

4 *Distinguish between Federalists and Anti-Feds Democratic -Republicans Pg 185 Pg 191

5 *Describe Hamiltons Economic Plan pg 184-5 Hamiltons Economic Plan: create BUS; set a Tariff; set an excise tax create BUS; set a Tariff; set an excise tax pay off foreign debt ($12m) pay off foreign debt ($12m) issue new Bonds to pay off old ($44m) issue new Bonds to pay off old ($44m) honor Bonds at face value honor Bonds at face value Federal Govt assumes state debts ($25m) Federal Govt assumes state debts ($25m) DC Compromise Whiskey Rebellion (not Shays Rebellion) (not Shays Rebellion)

6 Describe the influence of the Hamilton – Jefferson conflict P185, 191 Views of America & Democracy Hamiltonian and Jeffersonian Hamiltonian and Jeffersonian the BUS debate: the E L A S T I C C L A U S E the E L A S T I C C L A U S E Strict or Loose Interpretation Strict or Loose Interpretation

7 In what framework did American foreign policy develop? GW JAIn what framework did American foreign policy develop? GW JA GB war FR Genét Affair FR Rev Trade Balance $ Washington XYZ Affair US

8 *What caused conflict in the American frontier? The Ohio Valley GB and N. A. s *What caused conflict in the American frontier? The Ohio Valley GB and N. A. s Native Americans Little Turtle / Fallen Timbers Little Turtle / Fallen Timbers Pinckney Treaty Spain Spain Jays Treaty British in the Ohio Valley British in the Ohio Valley

9 ID NullificationID Nullification Alien & Sedition Acts (1798) - deport / expel dangerous aliens - deport / expel dangerous aliens - speak out against or criticize the govt > fine / imprisonment - speak out against or criticize the govt > fine / imprisonment - newspapers - newspapers Naturalization Act Naturalization Act - changed wait period from 5 to 14 years - changed wait period from 5 to 14 years results in : results in : VA and KY Resolutions - Madison and Jefferson - Madison and Jefferson - a state can nullify a federal law - a state can nullify a federal law - a state can secede if it chooses - a state can secede if it chooses **** States Rights***** **** States Rights*****

10 * What was The Revolution Of 1800? Peaceful change of govt - election goes to the HoR - election goes to the HoR - Hamilton / Burr - Hamilton / Burr Policy changed

11 *ID important events of TJs presidency Attack on Federalists - repealed Whiskey Tax; A & S Acts expired - repealed Whiskey Tax; A & S Acts expired -replaced Federalists with D-Rs -replaced Federalists with D-Rs LA Purchase -1803 - doubles USA and TJ changes - doubles USA and TJ changes Embargo Act of 1807 (TJ) Non Intercourse Act 1809 (Madison) Marbury v Madison - the Judiciary act of 1801 created new federal courts, therefore more federal judges for Adams to appoint - the Judiciary act of 1801 created new federal courts, therefore more federal judges for Adams to appoint - the Judiciary Act of 1789 gave the SC the power to issue a writ of mandamus (an order) (p 206) - the Judiciary Act of 1789 gave the SC the power to issue a writ of mandamus (an order) (p 206)

12 Marbury v. Madison The Marshall court ruled that, although Marbury deserved his commission, the court could not order that it be delivered because Congress could not give a power to the Supreme Court which the Constitution did not grant. –This was a landmark decision because it was the first time that the court claimed for itself the right of judicial review, the right to determine the constitutionality of an act of Congress. CJ John Marshall: - used Judicial Review for the first time to rule against Marbury

13 Causes for The War of 1812 Causes loss of federalist political power (Pres. / Congress) GB s seizure of US merchant ships and cargo GBs Impressment of US sailors Anti-British sentiment in US public opinion - loss of maritime jobs and recession due to war and TJs policies - loss of maritime jobs and recession due to war and TJs policies GB -> still in the Ohio Valley US Ambition: War Hawks - get Canada, Florida - get Canada, Florida **** Hartford Convention **** Hartford Convention (nullify and secede) (nullify and secede)

14 * ID Results of the War of 1812 Results Treaty of Ghent 1814 * no real territorial advantage * no real territorial advantage * we avoid defeat again * we avoid defeat again Encouraged isolationism / neutrality Increased migration West Encouraged growth of American Industry (textiles) End of the Federalist Party Rise of American Nationalism Northern border set Oregon shared with GB Great Lakes – joint occupation with GB map – p204 map – p204

15 Relate Sectionalism to Nationalism Define: Sectionalism (Regionalism) Sectionalism (Regionalism) - distinctive parts of a unit - distinctive parts of a unit - ID Americas regions : N,S,W - ID Americas regions : N,S,W Nationalism Nationalism - pride in ones country - pride in ones country Can both concepts develop in the same country, at the same time? YES YES

16 * ID Results of the War of 1812 Results Treaty of Ghent 1814 * no real territorial advantage * no real territorial advantage * we avoid defeat again * we avoid defeat again Encouraged isolationism Increased migration West Encouraged growth of American Industry End of the Federalist Party Rise of American Nationalism Northern border set Oregon shared Great Lakes – joint occupation map – p204 map – p204

17 Describe the American Economy 1810 - 1850 Revolutions in : production – an Industrial Revolution (see visual) production – an Industrial Revolution (see visual) machine production encourages the use of interchangeable parts, machine production encourages the use of interchangeable parts, mass production, and job specialization mass production, and job specialization transportation transportation market market - new technology : the cotton gin (Eli Whitney) and the steam engine (Robert Fulton), the Mechanical Reaper (Cyrus McCormick) and Textile Mills (Samuel Slater) - new technology : the cotton gin (Eli Whitney) and the steam engine (Robert Fulton), the Mechanical Reaper (Cyrus McCormick) and Textile Mills (Samuel Slater) Over time, the Factory System replaces the Domestic System Over time, the Factory System replaces the Domestic System

18 King Cotton The Cotton Gin – Eli Whitney - see chart - see chart

19 Describe the influence of western expansion Land – people – territories formed Resources increase Territories b/c States -more people, more voters, more electoral votes (2+X) -more people, more voters, more electoral votes (2+X) N. A. policy is needed Sectionalism - N, S, W - N, S, W - economic, cultural differences - economic, cultural differences Slavery issue p221,p223 –new states (Missouri) p221,p223 –new states (Missouri)

20 What was The American System? 1. Need for commerce to develop to encourage Americas self- sufficiency ( to support Neutrality / Isolationism trend) 2. Bring the 3 regions (sections) together economically Henry Clay (KY): Henry Clay (KY): Approve a second Natl Bank Support a Tariff (1816) Approve National funding for internal improvements in S and W -roads and canals… -roads and canals… and…..rr lines and…..rr lines

21 7.2 Our first steps in FP-.continued GB – FR Neutrality The Monroe Doctrine 1823 - neutrality for independent N / S America - neutrality for independent N / S America - no intervention or colonization by european countries - no intervention or colonization by european countries ( no or elseyet) ( no or elseyet) Establishing Borders - Adams-Onis 1819 - Adams-Onis 1819 -Rush-Bagot 1817 p221 -Rush-Bagot 1817 p221 -Convention of 1818 -Convention of 1818

22 7.2 How did the SC reinforce Federal supremacy? Marbury v. Madison 1803 McCulloch v. Md. 1819 Gibbons v. Ogden 1824 Fletcher v. Peck 1819 Dartmouth College v. Woodward 1819 * The Marshall Court * The Marshall Court

23 Describe the Missouri Compromise of 1820 Why did it happen? Who was responsible? What were the conditions? What were the results? map –p223 map –p223

24 Describe the Era of Good Feelings (1800) -1824 The Federalist party dies out… 1 Party remains: -Anti-Feds ; Dem-Reps ; Reps ;……… -Anti-Feds ; Dem-Reps ; Reps ;……… TJ (8), Madison (8), Monroe (8), JQ Adams (4) 1800-1824 1800-1824 - election opponents were from different regions of the country; but from the same party - election opponents were from different regions of the country; but from the same party ……. The National Republicans ……. The National Republicans The National Republicans adopt some federalist policies that support national growth and power – (BUS, tariffs)

25 7.3 Describe the elections of 1824 and 1828 1824 – The Corrupt Bargain - the popular vote and Henry Clay - the popular vote and Henry Clay - AJ begins immediately to win in 1828 - AJ begins immediately to win in 1828 The end of The Era of Good Feelings *party politics returns *party politics returns * the birth of the Democratic Party * the birth of the Democratic Party * Jacksonian Democracy takes shape in AJs image * Jacksonian Democracy takes shape in AJs image 1828 – Jackson wins

26 Describe Jacksonian Democracy Democracy for all…. New groups emerge with new expectations US is a blend of industrial / commercial and agriculture cultures Social and Economic as well as Political Equality (… for who?... ) – Egalitarian (ch. 8) Features at the state level: new states with new state constitutions that bring reforms (like voting qualifications) new states with new state constitutions that bring reforms (like voting qualifications) Features at the national level: new leaders (natl and state) new leaders (natl and state) the spoils system --Patronage the spoils system --Patronage

27 AJs N.A. Policies Indian Removal Act 1830 -federal $$ for treaty negotiation -forced -federal $$ for treaty negotiation -forced -Oklahoma territory -Oklahoma territory Worchester v. Ga. 1832 - SC affirms independent rights of the Cherokees - SC affirms independent rights of the Cherokees -AJ ignores SC ruling -AJ ignores SC ruling The Trail of Tears 1838 The Trail of Tears 1838 -VanBuren completes the policy -VanBuren completes the policy -forced removal of Cherokee -forced removal of Cherokee

28 7.4 Describe the Nullification Crisis The Tariff of 1828 - the Tariff of Abominations - the Tariff of Abominations - John Calhoun, VP v. AJ --- issue of STATES RIGHTS - John Calhoun, VP v. AJ --- issue of STATES RIGHTS * toast duel * toast duel * Senate debate –Daniel Webster (Ma) v. Robert Hayne (SC) * Senate debate –Daniel Webster (Ma) v. Robert Hayne (SC) - SC Ordinance of Nullification – 1832 (like Va and KY resolutions) - SC Ordinance of Nullification – 1832 (like Va and KY resolutions) - Tariff Act - 1832 - Tariff Act - 1832 - Clay compromises again on tariff and avoids a showdown - Clay compromises again on tariff and avoids a showdown - Force Act - 1833 - Force Act - 1833

29 Describe AJs fight against the USB BUS battle / election of 1832 -Clay and Webster try to trap AJ and push the BUS renewal early and make him veto it (not up for renewal until 1836) – he did… and.. -Clay and Webster try to trap AJ and push the BUS renewal early and make him veto it (not up for renewal until 1836) – he did… and.. -backfires –AJ wins re-election -backfires –AJ wins re-election –AJ campaigned against BUS and Nicholas Biddle ---and since he won; he decided to act to destroy the BUS – b/c the people have spoken thru his election ----they dont want the BUS –AJ campaigned against BUS and Nicholas Biddle ---and since he won; he decided to act to destroy the BUS – b/c the people have spoken thru his election ----they dont want the BUS Bank Crisis -AJs PET BANKS and Biddles loan recall results in -AJs PET BANKS and Biddles loan recall results in economic recession which Van Buren inherits along with Indian removal

30 King Andrew or Old Hickory Which best fits AJ ? AJ :State or National Power ?? ? --States Rights or strong central govt ? --States Rights or strong central govt indian removal indian removal nullification nullification the BUS the BUS the issue for AJ was the use of presidential power (Inherent) – the president had to represent the people the issue for AJ was the use of presidential power (Inherent) – the president had to represent the people The culture of Jacksonian Democracy expands participation The Whig Party develops…. - In opposition to AJs policies and use of power - In opposition to AJs policies and use of power - support Protective Tariffs and a natl banking system - support Protective Tariffs and a natl banking system - WH Harrison / Tyler – Whig Presidents - WH Harrison / Tyler – Whig Presidents

31 How do each of these developments illustrate growing American nationalism ? A Tariff connecting the states ( roads, canals, rr) our borders the 2 nd US bank Monroe Doctrine SC rulings The end of the Federalists Era of good feelings -1 party Rise of the Democratic Party


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