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COLD WAR DEFINED 1945-1990 * US-USSR *BIPOLAR *CONFLICT / COMPETITION IN ALL AREAS OF A NATIONS LIFE TIMELINE 1945-1953ORIGINS 1953-1970HEIGHT OF COLD.

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Presentation on theme: "COLD WAR DEFINED 1945-1990 * US-USSR *BIPOLAR *CONFLICT / COMPETITION IN ALL AREAS OF A NATIONS LIFE TIMELINE 1945-1953ORIGINS 1953-1970HEIGHT OF COLD."— Presentation transcript:

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2 COLD WAR DEFINED * US-USSR *BIPOLAR *CONFLICT / COMPETITION IN ALL AREAS OF A NATIONS LIFE TIMELINE ORIGINS HEIGHT OF COLD WAR DETENTE 1980sRENEWED CHILL 1990sGORBACHEV ERA

3 WEAPONS USED TO FIGHT A COLD WAR *ARMS RACE -AID TO ALLIES * HOT WARS -LIMITED WAR *DIPLOMACY *COLLECTIVE SECURITY -REGIONAL *TECHNOLOGY *ECONOMIC -TRADE AND AID *CULTURAL -IDEOLOGY *PROPAGANDA *COVERT ACTIVITIES

4 DESCRIBE THE CONDITIONS OF CONTAINMENT POST WWII CONDITIONS OF USSR ECONOMIC DISTRESS IN W. EUROPE POLITICAL STRESS IN GREECE AND TURKEY SOVIET MILITARY IN E. EUROPE MARSHALL PLAN AND TRUMAN DOCTRINE (U.S. POLICY) SUCCESS EXPANSION OF POLICY KOREA AND VIETNAM EISENHOWER DOCTRINE

5 ID EARLY COLD WAR EVENTS *POTSDAM *CREATION OF SATELLITE GOVTS *BERLIN AIRLIFT *NATO -IRON CURTAIN

6 I.D. GERMANYS OCCUPATION ZONES *MAP *GERMANY / BERLIN -EAST AND WEST GERMANY -EAST AND WEST BERLIN

7 HOW DID THE CHINESE COMMUNIST REVOLUTION IMPACT THE U.S. (1949) *CONTAINMENT *TRUMAN *TAIWAN- 2 CHINAS **SUMMARIZE THE KOREAN WAR ( ) **EXPLAIN THE CONFLICT BETWEEN TRUMAN AND MACARTHUR

8 DESCRIBE THE RED SCARE IN THE U.S. AFTER WWII * LOYALTY PROGRAMS businesses / organizations state and national laws supportive SC rulings *SPY CASES Hiss Rosenburgs * HUAC *McCarthyism

9 SUMMARIZE ADMINISTRATIONS OF HST AND IKE HST IKE *FDR/ THE BOMB *POST WAR RECESSION *LABOR *DIXIE CRATS *CHINA / MacArthur *ELECTION OF 1948 *IMAGE *MODERN REPUBLICANISM *JF DULLES/ BRINKMANSHIP *HUNGARY 1956 *EISENHOWER DOCTRINE *CIVIL RIGHTS -MONTOGOMERY -LITTLE ROCK -EARL WARREN

10 DESCRIBEBRINKMANSHIP - H-BOMB - JF DULLES CIA covert intervention China How did IKE adjust Containment? - Suez Canal ( Eisenhower Doctrine) - Hungary - use of Dulles

11 **DESCRIBE THE 1960 ELECTION AND JFKS VICTORY TV CAMELOT / IMAGE JFK = Obama **WHAT WAS FLEXIBLE RESPONSE? different from massive retaliation of IKE and Dulles **CRISIS MANAGEMENT: FOREIGN POLICY Bay of Pigs (4/61) Cuban Missle Crisis (10/61) Berlin Wall (61)

12 * DESCRIBE THE NEW FRONTIER DOMESTIC PROGRAM -FIGHT RECESSION - spending - military, NASA, foreign aid - new dealish -CIVIL RIGHTS - reluctant - RFK -ANTI-POVERTY - rejected by a conservative congress

13 JOHN FITZGERALD KENNEDY I. BACKGROUND B.) Well-educated, attended Harvard A.) Had a large, wealthy family C.) Fought in WWII D.) Entered politics after death of brother Joe E.) Served in Congress F.) Good speaker, courageous, very determined

14 JOHN FITZGERALD KENNEDY II PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION A.) Ran against Republican, Richard Nixon B.) JFK had the disadvantage of being young and Catholic C.) Televised TV debates-made JFK look better D.) JFK is the 1 st Catholic and youngest man elected to office

15 JOHN FITZGERALD KENNEDY FOREIGN III. FOREIGN EVENTS A.) Believed in a flexible response to Soviets ; built up conventional arms and fight limited wars B.) Bay of Pigs-April 17, 1961 ; CIA supported invasion of Cuba. Intended to start an uprising and overthrow Castro. C.) Berlin Wall built-August 1961 ; built to prevent East Germans from defecting

16 JOHN FITZGERALD KENNEDY III. FOREIGN EVENTS D.) Cuban missile Crisis-October 1962 ; U-2 plane discovered Soviet missiles in Cuba. U.S. ships blockaded Cuba. Soviet ships arrived and turned around. Soviets agreed to dismantle missiles and U.S. agreed to not invade the island. E.) Alliance For Progress ; 10 year, $20 million program of economic aid to Latin America F.) Very Anti-Communist ; emphasizes military build-up, by 5 times. Determined to make the U.S. word good. G.) Makes initial military commitment to Vietnam

17 JOHN FITZGERALD KENNEDY IV.DOMESTIC EVENTS- New Frontier A.) Many plans were blocked by Congress B.) 1 st president to address Congress on Civil Rights C.) Established Peace Corps. -to help the poor in other countries D.) Put emphasis on the space program -May Alan Shepard Jr. becomes the 1 st American to make a space flight John Glenn was the 1 st American to orbit the Earth. -Apollo Project- makes plans for landing on the moon.

18 **DESCRIBE LBJS GREAT SOCIETY and WAR ON POVERTY. -CIVIL RIGHTS -HEALTH CARE -URBAN RENEWAL -EDUCATION **ID REFORMS OF THE WARREN COURT. -DESEGREGATION -REAPPORTIONMENT -RIGHTS OF THE ACCUSED

19 JOHNSON AND THE GREAT SOCIETY I.BACKGROUND A.) Came back from a poor background and a self made man B.) Experienced politician ; served in both houses of Congress C.) Very persuasive and convincing- Johnson Treatment- pressured colleagues to agree with him

20 JOHNSON AND THE GREAT SOCIETY I. PRESIDENCY A. Committed himself to a Great Society B. Persuaded Congress to pass many of JFKs bills 1) Civil Rights Act of ) Aid to Education 3) Aid to Wilderness Area

21 JOHNSON AND THE GREAT SOCIETY C.) Declared a War on Poverty 2) VISTA- Volunteers In Service to America 1) Economic Opportunity Act of job training and loans to the poor. D.) elected in won over Rep. Barry Goldwater 5) Dept. of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) 6) Social Security to higher education 7) Aid provided to higher education 8) National Foundation for the Arts and Humanities founded E.) Passed extensive social legislation 1) Medicare Act- medical aid to people over 65 2) Medicaid Program- medical aid to the poor 3) Voting Rights Act ) Housing Act 1965

22 JOHNSON AND THE GREAT SOCIETY 5) Dept. of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) 6) Social Security to higher education 7) Aid provided to higher education 8) National Foundation for the Arts and Humanities founded


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