Presentation on theme: "THE MODERN ERA 1750 – 1900 Overview (Periodization Question: Why 1750 –1900?)"— Presentation transcript:
THE MODERN ERA 1750 – 1900 Overview (Periodization Question: Why 1750 –1900?)
Changes in Global Commerce, Communication and Technology Patterns of World Trade Who, where, what, how in 1750? What will and won’t change by 1900?
Changes in Global Commerce, Communication and Technology Modes of Transportation/ communication Impact of railroad, steam, telegraph Suez Canal, Panama Canal
Suez Canal Suez canal opened in 1869 -Who was Muhammad Ali? -Why did France & Britain get to finance this effort? -Why do you think France/Britain wanted the canal?
Changes in Global Commerce, Communication and Technology Industrial Revolution Origins of I.R. – where, what and when Rationale of capitalism – Adam Smith Impact of I.R. on time, family, work, labor Relationship of nations during I.R. Intellectual responses to I.R. – Marxism, socialism
Rise of Western Dominance Economic, Political, Social, Cultural, & Artistic
Rise of Western Dominance Cultural and Political Reactions to western dominance (reform, resistance, rebellion, racism, nationalism) Japan– Commodore Perry and Meiji Restoration -Why does Japan accept Perry’s offer? Russia– Reforms and Rebellions -Crimean War? Siam and Ethiopia-- defensive modernization China--Boxer Rebellion/Taiping Rebellion [ideals of Taiping?] Islamic and Chinese responses compared -Ottoman Reforms? “Sick Man of Europe” -Why does Europe help and hurt Ottomans? Impact of Changing European Ideologies on Colonial Administrations
Rise of Western Dominance Japan– Commodore Perry and Meiji Restoration
Rise of Western Dominance China—Boxer Rebellion
Diverse Interpretations Modernization theory debates Why Modernize? Can you force a nation to do it? Name locations where Modernization = Nationalism. Why? Cause of serf and slave emancipation? Need to Industrialize? End of Extreme Ethnocentrism? Racism? Nature of women’s roles at the time in industrial areas? In colonial societies? Elite versus lower class?
Comparisons Industrial revolution in western Europe and Japan (causes and early phases) Revolutions (American, French, Haitian, Mexican, and Chinese) Reaction to foreign domination in Ottoman empire, China, India and Japan.
Ottomans- 19 th century Young Turk Revolutionaries The Sultans
Comparisons Nationalism Forms of intervention in 19 th century Latin America and Africa Roles and conditions of upper/ middle versus working/ peasant class women in western Europe
European women 19 th century British family in India Queen Victoria’s family Russian peasant family
Conclusions What are the global processes that are at play? Which have intensified? Diminished? Discuss how the events of the 19 th century are a natural culmination of earlier developments. Speculate what historical events in the 19 th century would have most surprised historians of earlier eras.