2 Terms to know: CONCRETE DETAIL (CD) CONCRETE DETAIL (CD): Direct quotations are required for all essays!A direct quote uses the author’s words exactly as he or she wrote them. A quote can be spoken by a character or be description/narration from another character.You must set up all evidence with the situation and speaker of said evidence.Synonyms for CONCRETE DETAIL are evidence, facts, specifics, examples, support, proof, and quotes.
3 Terms to know: Situation and Speaker You must set up each CD by introducing the CD to the reader.Situation: What is happening in the story at the time of the CD?Must be specificSpeaker: Who is saying the quote? (Character or narrator), To whom are they speaking?Other details may be necessary depending on the text.
4 Terms to know: COMMENTARY (CM) COMMENTARY (CM): Your opinion or comment about the evidence. In a sense you are answering the question “so what?”This is where you connect your CD to the topic sentence and/or thesis statement.Synonyms for COMMENTARY are explanation, opinion, insight, analysis, interpretation, personal response, and evaluation.
5 Terms to know: Topic Sentence (TS) TOPIC SENTENCE (TS): The first sentence of a body paragraph.This must have a subject and an opinion (not expressed using “I”)Your TS is your body paragraph’s argument – everything you write in your body paragraph will work to prove your TS is correct.
6 Terms to know: CONCLUDING SENTENCE (CS) CONCLUDING SENTENCE (CS): The last sentence of your paragraph.DOES NOT restate the topic sentence (TS).Answers “What is the end result or importance of your paragraph’s topic?”
7 Getting Started TOPIC SENTENCE (TS) CONCRETE DETAIL (CD): start with a transition, such as “For example,…”Give the situation and speaker of your CDWrite the CD with the correct parenthetical citation.COMMENTARY (CM): “This shows that…” (sentence starter optional)(MORE) COMMENTARY (CM): “This also shows that…”; “This is important because…”; “This is because…” (sentence starters optional)
8 Finishing UpCONCRETE DETAIL (CD): again start with a transition, such as, “Another example is…”Again, set up the quote with the situation and speaker.COMMENTARY (CM): “This shows that…” (sentence starter optional)(MORE) COMMENTARY (CM): “This also shows that…”; “This is important because…”; “This is because…” (sentence starters optional)CONCLUDING SENTENCE (CS)
9 TS, CD (1), CM (1), CS ExampleIn Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone, Harry is a champion to many of the more insecure students at Hogwarts. For example, when Malfoy takes Neville’s Rememberall, the narrator states, “Harry immediately jumped on a broom to get it back” (164). He cannot stand someone who picks on others. Harry is now a hero to those less fortunate.
10 Based on chapters 1-4, what do you suppose will happen to Victor in the next few chapters? Make a prediction about Victor.Find TWO quotes (CDs) from the story that you think will support your answer (including page number).For each quote write 2-3 sentences explaining why the quote supports your opinion (in your TS)