Presentation on theme: "November 2 AP Physics. In: If the moon has a mass of 7.347 7 × 10 22 kg, an orbital speed of 1.022 km/s an orbital radius of 384 399 km, What is the gravitational."— Presentation transcript:
November 2 AP Physics
In: If the moon has a mass of × kg, an orbital speed of km/s an orbital radius of km, What is the gravitational force of the earth moon system?
Objective: To find out about the law of universal gravitation. Success criteria: You will be able to solve universal gravitational problems.
Newtons Law of Universal Gravitation
Newtons Law of Universal Gravitation:
Problem: Oscar (mass=65kg) and Olivia (mass=45 kg) sit 2 meters apart in physics class. What is the force of gravitational attraction between them? Does this cause them to drift toward each other?
Gravitational force is a vector
Inverse square laws Anything that spreads out from a point source –Gravitational force –Electrical force –Sound intensity –Light intensity –Radiation intensity
Inverse square law - gravitation
Inverse square law – light intensity
Inverse square law - radiation
Inverse square law – electric force
Sound spreads out as an inverse square
Gravitation problem set:
Out: If the distance between two point particles is doubled, then the gravitational force between them: a)Decreases by a factor of 4 b)Decreases by a factor of 2 c)Increases by a factor of 2 d)Increases by a factor of 4 e)Cannot be determined without knowing the masses.