Thomas Jefferson Aaron Burr Laissez faire John Marshall Judicial Review
Federalist had controlled the national government until the election of 1800. Jefferson’s Presidency shows that it is possible to have transfer of power from political party to another political party.
After a bitter campaign Jefferson defeated Adams. However, Jefferson received 73 electoral votes and Aaron Burr also received 73 electoral votes. What to do? House of Representatives would decide the election per the Constitution Hamilton disliked Jefferson but really hated Burr more and convinced Congress to go with Jefferson Burr is now Vice President. Burr is furious! Page 285
First to be inaugurated in Washington, D. C. Wanted a “smaller government” Wanted a government of the people
“Let us, then, fellow-citizens, unite with one heart and one mind…..Every difference of opinion is not a difference of principle……We are all Republicans; we are all Federalists.”
Revolution of 1800 1 st goal was to limit the federal government over states and citizens Believed in laisez faire Reduced military Reduced number of people in government; fired tax collectors and diplomats. Eliminated all federal taxes and made taxes come from tariffs only Struck out the Sedition Act and released all that were imprisoned over this Act.
“Midnight Judges” by Adams Jefferson’s Secretary of State, James Madison, asked not to deliver appointment of Federalist judge William Marbury Marbury angry and files lawsuit Supreme Court rules they can’t rule because Judiciary Act of 1789 was UNCONSTITUTIONAL Established Judicial Review which changed government forever and increased strength of the Supreme Court.