# Order the numbers and find the middle value.

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Order the numbers and find the middle value.
Warm Up Use the numbers to answer the questions. 146, 161, 114, 178, 150, 134, 172, 131, 128 1. What is the greatest number? 2. What is the least number? 3. How can you find the median? 178 114 Order the numbers and find the middle value.

Sunshine State Standards
MA.6.S.6.2 Select and analyze the measures of central tendency…

Vocabulary outlier

The mean, median, and mode may change when you add data to a data set.

A. Find the mean, median, and mode of the data in the table. 7 5 11 Games 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 Year EMS Football Games Won mean = 7 modes = 5, 7 median = 7 B. EMS also won 13 games in 1997 and 8 games in Add this data to the data in the table and find the mean, median, and mode. mean = 8 modes = 5, 7 median = 7 The mean increased by 1. The modes remained the same. The median remained the same.

An outlier is a value in a set that is very different from the other values.

Ms. Gray is 25 years old. She took a class with students who were 55, 52, 59, 61, 63, and 58 years old. Find the mean, median, and mode with and without Ms. Gray’s age. Data with Ms. Gray’s age: mean ≈ no mode median = 58 Data without Ms. Gray’s age: mean = 58 no mode median = 58.5 When you add Ms. Gray’s age, the mean decreases by about 4.7, the mode stays the same, and the median decreases by The mean is the most affected by the outlier. The median t is closer to most of the students’ ages. Ms. Gray’s age is an outlier because she is much younger than the others in the group. Helpful Hint

Additional Example 3: Describing a Data Set
The Yorks found 8 pairs of skates with the following prices: \$35, \$42, \$75, \$40, \$47, \$34, \$45, and \$40. What are the mean, median, and mode of this data set? Which statistic best describes the data set? mean: 358 8 = = 44.75 8 The mean is \$44.75. The mean is higher than most of the prices because of the \$75 skates, so the mean does not describe the data set best.

median: 34, 35, 40, 40, 42, 45, 47, 75 82 2 = = 41 The median is \$41. The median price is the best description of the prices. Most of the skates cost about \$41. mode: The value \$40 occurs 2 times, which is more than any other value. The mode is \$40. The mode represents only 2 of the 8 values. The mode does not describe the entire data set.

Check It Out: Example 3 The Oswalds found 8 pairs of gloves with the following prices: \$17, \$15, \$3, \$12, \$13, \$16, \$19, and \$19. What are the mean, median, and mode of this data set? Which statistic best describes the data set? mean: 114 8 = = 14.25 8 The mean is \$14.25. The mean is lower than most of the prices because of the \$3 glove, so the mean does not describe the data set best.

Check It Out: Example 3 Continued
median: 3, 12, 13, 15, 16, 17, 19, 19 31 2 = = 15.5 The median is \$15.50. The median price is the best description of the prices. Most of the gloves cost about \$15.50. mode: The value \$19 occurs 2 times, which is more than any other value. The mode is \$19. The mode represents only 2 of the 8 values. The mode does not describe the entire data set.

Some data sets, such as {red, blue, red}, do not contain numbers.
In this case, the only way to describe the data set is with the mode.

Lesson Quiz At the college bookstore, your brother buys 6 textbooks at the following prices: \$21, \$58, \$68, \$125, \$36, and \$140. 1. Find the mean. 2. Find the median. 3. Find the mode. 4. Your brother signs up for an additional class, and the textbook costs \$225. Recalculate the mean, including the extra book. \$74.67 \$63 none \$96.14

Lesson Quiz for Student Response Systems
1. The weights of 7 members of a family are 48 kg, 52 kg, 63 kg, 75 kg, 52 kg, 64 kg, and 67 kg. Identify the median. A. 48 kg B. 52 kg C. 63 kg D. 75 kg

Lesson Quiz for Student Response Systems
2. The heights of seven dogs at a vet are 17 inches, 14 inches, 13 inches, 21 inches, 17 inches, 15 inches, and 22 inches. Identify the mode. A. 17 in. B. 16 in. C. 15 in. D. none

Lesson Quiz for Student Response Systems
3. Lopez buys 5 collectibles at the following prices: \$15, \$12, \$15, \$13 and \$16. He then buys another collectible at \$75. Identify the mean with and without the sixth collectible. A. \$24.33; \$14.20 B. \$14.20; \$13.83 C. \$14.20; \$12.64 D. \$24.33; \$29.20

Problem of the Day Ms. Green has 6 red gloves and 10 blue gloves in a box. She closes her eyes and picks some gloves. What is the least number of gloves Ms. Green will have to pick to ensure 2 gloves of the same color? 3

Warm Up Problem of the Day Lesson Presentation Lesson Quizzes