2Functions of Family Meet basic needs Prepare children to live in society by:ExampleTalkingReligion
3Types of Families Nuclear Family: Mother, father, at least 1 child 2 parents can help in raising childrenSingle-Parent Families: mother or father, at least 1 childLittle free time for parent, financial burdens, no one to share work with
4Cont’dBlended families: single parent marries another person who may or may not have childrenExtended families: includes relatives other than a parent or child who live with them
5Entering a FamilyGuardians- take care of all financial and legal responsibilityAdoption-legal process; children enter family not born intoFoster children-stay with a temporary family
6Family Life CyclePage of “The Developing Child” Book
12The Tasks of Parenting Meet the child’s basic needs Nurture children Guide children to show appropriate behavior
13Parenting StylesAuthoritarian-children should obey parents without questionDemocratic-children have more input into rules and limitsPermissive-children given a wide range of freedom
14Activity “Wanted: Perfect Parents” Create a newspaper add that states what you think are the qualities and characteristics of perfect parents.
15What is Parenting?Caring for children and helping them develop, requires understanding a child’s needs and meeting them.Demands good judgment in 3 ways:Knowing when to help and when to back offAvoid pushing children to try activities they are not ready for; don’t hold backAdapt parenting skills at each stage of development
16How to Build Parenting Skills Books and magazinesGaining experienceAsking for adviceObserving
17Meeting Children’s Needs Provide with food, clothing, shelterWatch over safety and healthBegin teaching them languageFoster intellectual growth by taking an active role in their schoolingTeach them to get along with othersProvide opportunities for them to love and be loved
18NurturingGiving a child opportunities for encouragement and enrichment, and showing love, support, and concern.Deprivation-lack of an enriching environment
19Communicating Positively Use words the child understands; avoid talking down to the childBe clearBe positive and politeGive praise and loveLimit directions to those that are essentialTalk about what is meaningful
20Guiding Children’s Behavior Punishment is part of guidance, and should only be used when necessaryGuidance means using firmness and understanding to help children learn to control their own behaviorEffective guidance leads to self-discipline
21Self-discipline is important to emotional, social, and moral development Children develop a conscience- an inner sense of what is right
22Consistency Consistency is key 3 ways adults can guide children to behave appropriately:Encourage appropriate behaviorSetting and enforcing limitsDealing with inappropriate behavior in effective ways
23Encouraging Appropriate Behavior Set a good exampletalking politelyChildren need to be told what is expected of them in ways they can understandPositive reinforcementBe specific, notice as soon as possible, recognize small steps, help child take pride in his actions, tailor encouragement to the needs of the childOffer choices and let them make decisions for themselves when more mature
24What should limits be? Questions to keep in mind when setting limits: Does the limit allow the child to learn and grow?Is the limit fair and appropriate for the child’s age?Does the limit benefit the child, or is it merely for the adult’s convenience?Limits should keep children from hurting themselves, other people, or property
25Making limits clear State limits briefly and clearly Setting limits include 4 steps:Show understanding of the child’s desiresSet the limit and explain itAcknowledge the child’s feelingsGive alternatives
26Dealing with inappropriate behavior When responding to a child’s misbehaviors, ask yourself these questions:Is the expected behavior appropriate, given the child’s development?Does the child understand that the behavior is wrong?Was the behavior done knowingly and deliberately, or was it beyond the child’s control?
27Using punishment effectively Punishment is negative reinforcement- a response aimed at discouraging a child from repeating a behaviorMake clear that the caregiver disapproves of the behaviorAfter a rule is broken, usually a warning is given. Punishment follows if rule is broken again.
28Dealing with inappropriate behavior Natural consequencesLoss of privelagesGiving time-out
29Poor disciplinary measures BribingMaking children promise to behaveShouting or yellingShaming or belittlingThreatening to withhold love
30Handling ConflictUse wordsSpeak calmlyCount to ten