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European Conquest and Colonization. European Conquest Columbus Tainos = agric. Community –Tainos failed to pay respect to Christian symbols –Columbus.

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Presentation on theme: "European Conquest and Colonization. European Conquest Columbus Tainos = agric. Community –Tainos failed to pay respect to Christian symbols –Columbus."— Presentation transcript:

1 European Conquest and Colonization

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3 European Conquest Columbus Tainos = agric. Community –Tainos failed to pay respect to Christian symbols –Columbus claims land and takes Indians as Prisoners First settlements are in Hispaniola (Cuba, Puerto Rico) –Forced Christianity –Took Gold

4 Advantages of the Conquistadors Conquistador – conqueror Spanish –Guns, Canons –Metal Armor –Horses –Disease Aztecs –Arrows, spears –Leather, cloth armor –Lack immunity

5 Aztec Conquest Hernan Cortes – landowner in Cuba –600 men, 16 horses, some cannons –Attack Tenochtitlan –Malinche – translator Helped arrange alliances

6 Aztec Conquest cont. Moctezuma – Aztec Emperor –Thought Cortes to be Quetzalcoatl –Sent presents Spain tries to force Christianity Imprison Moctezuma

7 Massive War Spanish fighting each other Aztecs involved Spanish forced out of the city Moctezuma is killed 1521-Cortes captures and demolishes Tenochtitlan

8 Conquest of Peru Francisco Pizarro – conquistador of Peru (Incas) Incan Ruler = Atahualpa –Won civil with against brother –Pizarro captures Atahualpa after refusal to convert to Christianity –Demand Ransom –Incas pay and Spanish kill Atahualpa –Pizarro is killed by other Spanish group

9 Results of Spanish conquest Massive Spanish empire –Gold & silver mines created Lots of wealth making Spain the greatest power in Europe –Many Native Americans convert to Christianity

10 15-2 Spanish/Portuguese Colonization Council of the Indies –Pass laws for the colonies –Provinces are governed by viceroys- appointed governors Missionaries push Christianity Close monitoring of Trade –Goods only to and from Spain

11 Economy Encomiendas – right to demand tribute from Native Americans –Mines and plantations Bartolome de Las Casas – spoke out against the encomienda system –Asked the royal court to end New Laws of the Indies (1542) –Forbade the enslavement and abuse of Native Americans Peon – workers forced to labor to pay off debts

12 Class System Peninsulares – Spaniards Creoles – Spanish Americans –Own most of the plantations Mestizos – Native American/ Europeans Mulattoes – African/Europeans

13 Other Europeans Privateers – Pirates Northwest Passage


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