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Unit 2 Colonial America to the French and Indian War.

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Presentation on theme: "Unit 2 Colonial America to the French and Indian War."— Presentation transcript:

1 Unit 2 Colonial America to the French and Indian War

2 Section 1: 13 BRITISH COLONIES

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4 New England Colonies Massachusetts Rhode Island Connecticut New Hampshire forward

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6 Section 1 – British Colonies Puritans N.E.

7 John Winthrop N.E.

8 Section 1 – British Colonies Massachusetts Bay Colony reform Great Migration N.E.

9 Roger Williams N.E.

10 Section 1 – British Colonies separate toleration N.E.

11 Anne Hutchinson

12 Thomas Hooker N.E.

13 Section 1 – British Colonies limiting expansion followed by war Meetinghouses Sabbath strict N.E.

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15 Middle Colonies New York New Jersey Pennsylvania Delaware forward

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17 Section 1 – British Colonies purchased trade colonies M

18 William Penn M

19 Section 1 – British Colonies Quakers reformers equality, pacifism, no slavery holy experiment Philadelphia M

20 Section 1 – British Colonies Towns cash crops M

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22 Southern Colonies Virginia Maryland Carolinas (North & South) Georgia forward

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24 Section 1 – British Colonies plantations So

25 Nathaniel Bacon So

26 Section 1 – British Colonies Bacons Rebellion So

27 Virginia House of Burgesses –1 st elected lower house in legislative assembly in the New World; established 1619

28 Lord Baltimore, George Calvert So Catholics Act of Toleration

29 Section 1 – British Colonies slave plantations relied on slave labor Charles Town So

30 James Oglethorpe So

31 Section 1 – British Colonies indentured Spain Geography So

32 Section 1 – British Colonies Gentry Middle 75% Indentured So

33 Section 1 – British Colonies strong weaker So

34 Section 1 – British Colonies duty public private England dame Col

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36 Puritan Education in the New England Colonies Girl with Hornbook (wooden paddle) Easy to hold handle Hole in handle for leather thong Carried on belt or around neck Transparent Horn kept lessons from being spoiled Used in Europe beginning in mid-15 th C

37 Puritan Education in the New England Colonies Girl with Hornbook (wooden paddle) Transparent Horn –Horn of oxen & sheep Left in cold water for several weeks, to separate usable part from bone Then heated, first in boiling water, then by fire Pressed by plates & machines to make it smooth & transparent

38 Puritan Education in the New England Colonies Typical Hornbook Alphabet Vowel and consonant combinations Lords Prayer Form of a cross Praise of the Trinity (hand written on piece of parchment & tacked to wooden paddle)

39 Puritan Education in the New England Colonies New England Primer Textbook used by students in English settlements in North America First published and used in London First printed in Boston in 1690 Over 5 million copies sold Used into the 19 th C

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45 Puritan Education in the New England Colonies In 1700s, schools in colonies were strongly influenced by religion, including moral values Inability to read was Satans attempt to keep people from the Scriptures Emphasis was placed on fear of sin, Gods punishment, and the fact that all people would have to face death

46 Puritan Education in the New England Colonies Scene from a poorly lit grammar school room

47 Puritan Education in the New England Colonies Scene from a dame school

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50 African Slaves – Middle Passage

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55 1753 North America

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57 George Washington

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62 Benjamin Franklin Proposed the Albany Plan of Union at the Albany Congress Grand Council to –make laws –raise taxes –to set up defense

63 Albany Congress – Albany Plan of Union Delegates voted to accept the plan No colonial assemblies approved it –Colonies did not want to give up any of their powers to a central council

64 French and Indian War French advantages in the beginning English had no united defense Single New France government acted more quickly More Indian allies English advantages English colonies were clustered along coast French settlements were widely scattered English population was 15 times greater British navy ruled seas

65 William Pitt

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67 James Wolfe

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69 Quebec Montreal

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72 After French and Indian War

73 control

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76 Proclamation of 1763 Colonials were forbidden to settle west of the line Colonials already settled west of the line were ordered to remove themselves at once 10,000 British troops were sent to the colonies to enforce the law Attempt to gain better control of colonists

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78 Education in British Colonies

79 Puritan Education in the New England Colonies Girl with Hornbook (wooden paddle) East to hold handle Hole in handle for leather thong Carried on belt or around neck Transparent Horn kept lessons from being spoiled

80 Puritan Education in the New England Colonies Typical Hornbook Alphabet Vowel and consonant combinations Lords Prayer Form of a cross Praise of the Trinity (hand written on piece of parchment & tacked to wooden paddle)

81 Puritan Education in the New England Colonies New England Primer Textbook used by students in English settlements in North America First published and used in London First printed in Boston in 1690 Over 5 million copies sold Used into the 19 th C

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88 Puritan Education in the New England Colonies Scene from a dame school

89 Puritan Education in the New England Colonies A stern and austere Puritan worship service

90 Puritan Education in the New England Colonies Harvard College yard

91 13 Col

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97 After French and Indian War

98 mercantilism regulate Navigation Acts Yankees

99 governor legislature power of the purse Africans, Indians, & servants had almost no rights Women had few rights


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