Presentation on theme: "Morning, Looking East Over the Hudson Valley from the Catskill Mountains Frederic Edwin Church (1826-1900) Oil on canvas, 1848 AIHA Collection: Gift of."— Presentation transcript:
Morning, Looking East Over the Hudson Valley from the Catskill Mountains Frederic Edwin Church (1826-1900) Oil on canvas, 1848 AIHA Collection: Gift of Catherine Gansevoort Lansing
Broadway and City Hall 1818 Baron Axel Klinköwstrom (1775-1847) Watercolor, 15x22
In the early years of the 19 th century, Europe and America were industrializing. This industrialization created crowded, polluted cities. The 18 th century view of using reason alone to solve the worlds problems no longer seemed to work. Americans looked toward the vast western frontier and were filled with optimism.
Americans had also just broken from Europe. A nationalist spirit began to develop in America. The Americans’ experience began to diverge from that of the Europeans. American authors were beginning to develop a uniquely American literature.
Values feeling and intuition over reason Places faith in inner experience and the power of the imagination Shuns the artificiality of civilization and seeks unspoiled nature Prefers youthful innocence to educated sophistication Champions individual freedom and the worth of the individual
Reflects on nature’s beauty as a path to spiritual and moral development Looks backward to the wisdom of the past and distrusts progress Finds beauty and truth in exotic locales, the supernatural realm, and the inner world of the imagination Sees poetry as the highest expression of the imagination Finds inspiration in myth, legend, and folklore
James Fenimore Cooper and the other Romantic writers that followed him created an American hero The hero: Is young or possesses youthful qualities Is innocent and pure of purpose Has a sense of honor based not on society’s rules but on some higher principle Has a knowledge of people and life based on deep, intuitive understanding, not on formal learning Loves nature and avoids town life Quests for some higher truth in the natural world
Poe, Hawthorne, Melville Saw the dark side of life Heirs of the Puritans Saw signs and symbols in all events Explored conflict between good and evil psychological effects of guilt and sin madness