Terrorism Def. is the use of violence, often against civilian targets, to force political or social change e.g. bombings, hijackings, kidnappings Fear is essential KKK Al Qaeda Originally against U.S. abroad
Terrorism attacks 1988- Airplane explodes over Scotland – 270 people die/ 189 Americans 1993 WTC Bombing – 6 people killed, 1000+ injured 1995 Oklahoma City Bombing – 168 killed
Day of Horror Sept. 11, 2001 4 jets hijacked – 2 flown into WTC buildings – 1 flown into Pentagon – Flight 93 ended up in field outside Washington D.C.
U.S. Reactions Give Blood, Rescue Teams, Donations Office of Homeland Security – counterterrorism Patriot Act – Special powers – Library Access – Arrest and held indefinitely
World Trade Globalization The process of creating an international network Trade Deficits Occurs when a countries buys more from other nations than it sells to them Result of cheap labor abroad 2005: $725 billion Outsourcing: sending work to other countries
World Trade cont. Tariffs/Free Trade – Free trade: removal of trade barriers – Tariffs to raise prices on foreign goods – Trade Wars
Environment Environmental movement – Began with Rachel Carson and Silent Spring (1962) Use of DDT banned as a result – 1969- oil spill along California coast – Smog blanketed cities – Sewage found on beaches – 1970: first Earth Day – Environmentalist: a reformer who seeks to protect the environment
Environmental Action Nixon forms the EPA Push for recycling Critics claim costly legislation 2001 Bush allows drilling in Alaska
Katrina August 29, 2005 Destroyed New Orleans Area the size of Great Britain affected Superdome use for evacuees 20 countries pledge aid Total damage: $100 Billion ¼ oil output/ 10% refined oil
The Energy Supply Oil Embargo – 1973 OPEC votes to cut off oil to Israel supporting nations Severe oil shortage People wait hours for few gallons
Alternative Energy Sources Encourage the use of renewable resources – Renewable resources: energy resources that are easily restored by nature – e.g. wind, water, solar – Water: limited availability – Solar energy equipment takes up too much space – Wind amount available is variable – Nuclear: expensive, nuclear waste result – 1979 Three-Mile Island, Penn.-> accident leads to concerns
Global Warming Def. a worldwide rise in temperatures greenhouse gasses Danger vs. cycles Kyoto Protocol (1997) – Pledge to reduce carbon dioxide emissions – Pres. Bush rejects
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