# National and State Powers Chapter 4 Section 1. The Division of Powers The Constitution preserves the basic design of federalism—the division of government.

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National and State Powers Chapter 4 Section 1

The Division of Powers The Constitution preserves the basic design of federalism—the division of government powers. It divides government authority between the national and state governments. The national and state governments also share some powers.

Section 1 National Powers The powers the Constitution grants the national government are called delegated powers.delegated powers The three types of delegated powers are: –Expressed powers—those powers directly expressed or stated in the Constitution. Found in the first three articles.Expressed powers

Section 1 National Powers (cont.) –Implied powers—the authority that the national government needs to carry out the powers that are expressly defined in the Constitution.Implied powers The elastic clause is the basis for the implied powers because it allows the powers of Congress to stretch.elastic clause –Inherent powers—those powers that the national government may exercise simply because it is a government.Inherent powers

Section 1 The States and the Nation The powers the Constitution reserves strictly for the states are called reserved powers.reserved powers - Ex. Conduct elections, regulate intrastate commerce Division of Federal and State Powers

Section 1 The States and the Nation (cont.) Concurrent powers are those powers that the national government and states both have.Concurrent powers Ex. Tax, create courts Denied powers are those powers denied to all levels of government by Article I, Section 9 of the Constitution.Denied powers Ex. Make war (states)

Section 1 Guarantees to the States The Constitution obliges the national government to do three things for the states: –must guarantee each state a republican form of government. –must protect states from invasion and domestic violence. –must respect the territorial integrity of each state.

Section 1 Obligations of the States State and local governments conduct and pay for elections of all national government officials. States play a key role in the process of amending the Constitution.

Section 1 The Courts as Umpire Because federalism divides the powers of government, conflicts often arise between national and state governments. By settling such disputes, the federal court system, particularly the Supreme Court, plays a key role of umpire for our federal system.

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