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Chemical Formulas and Equations

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Presentation on theme: "Chemical Formulas and Equations"— Presentation transcript:

1 Chemical Formulas and Equations
Section 2 Chemical Formulas and Equations

2 Determining Chemical Names
Identify each compound as ionic or covalent Use the table 1 on page 297 to write the chemical formula Sulfur trioxide Calcium fluoride Phosphorus pentachloride Dinitrogen trioxide Lithium oxide

3 Chemical Formulas A shorthand way to use chemical symbols and numbers to represent substances Formed from the periodic table

4 Chemical Equations Uses chemical symbols and formulas to describe a chemical reaction

5 The Process Reactants-the starting materials
Products-substances formed from reaction Yield- the arrow separates the two

6 Balancing Equations Closed systems-nothing comes in or goes out
Total mass of the system remains the same

7 Conservation of Matter
Antoine Lavoisier Mass is neither created nor destroyed Mass of the reactants equals the mass of the products

8 Making Sense Coefficient-number placed in front of a chemical symbol or formula Only the coefficient can be changed not the subscript

9 Keep it Balanced The number of atoms of the reactants must equal the number of atoms of the products You’ve done it!

10 Covalent Compounds Composed of two nonmetals
Prefixes used to express number of atoms of each element

11 Ionic Compounds Composed of a metal and a nonmetal
The compounds charges must equal 0

12 Be Accurate Accuracy would result in the correct reaction or a big mistake Balance it out…..

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