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World War I EQ: How did the U.S. involvement in WWI affect the country as well as NC?

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Presentation on theme: "World War I EQ: How did the U.S. involvement in WWI affect the country as well as NC?"— Presentation transcript:

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2 World War I EQ: How did the U.S. involvement in WWI affect the country as well as NC?

3 Key Vocabulary Alliance: __________________________ ___________________________________ Central Powers: The alliance between Austria-Hungary and Germany & several other countries. Allied Powers: ______________________ ___________________________________ __________________________________

4 Key Vocab. Continued Trench Warfare: Defending a position by fighting from the protection of deep ditches. Zimmerman Note: __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________

5 Contributing Factors to WWI Nationalism _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ Austria-Hungary included people from many cultural groups. Slavic nationalists wanted to break away from Austria- Hungary and join the independent Slavic country of Serbia. Imperialism ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ Germany took the Alsace-Lorraine region from France in 1871, and France wanted it back. Militarism _______________ _______________ _______________ Raced to build armies and navies Made alliances to protect themselves

6 The Spark that Ignited a War Feelings of fear and distrust grew among European powers. ______________________________________ –Slavic nationalists resisted violently; wanted to be a part of Serbia __________________________________ ________________________________________ –Killed by a Serb nationalist, Gavrilo Princip ______________________________________

7 ______________________ _____________________________ Russia, an ally of Serbia France, an ally of Russia _________________________________________________ ____________________________________ __________________________________ ___________________________________ Pulled into the Fighting

8 Technology of War Land Air Sea Trench warfare, defending a position by fighting from the protection of deep ditches, helped make the war long and deadly. –Cold, wet, and muddy –Disease ran rampant New technologies –Machine guns –Poison gases –Tanks ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________

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11 America Prepares for War ______________________________________ –Americans viewed World War I as a European conflict. America continued to trade with European nations during the war. –Carried supplies and war materials to the Allies. ______________________________________ –__________________________________________ __________________________________________ __________________________________________

12 America Prepares for War Cont... __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________

13 America Prepares for War Cont... Selective Service Act –____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ –Almost 3 million Americans were drafted __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________

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17 American Womens War Effort ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ –____________________________________ ____________________________________ –About 25,000 women volunteered to serve in non-combat positions in Europe. Other women protested Americas participation in the war

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20 Russia Leaves the War Revolution in Russia New Government November 1917: a group of Russians known as the Bolsheviks overthrew the Russian government. Bolsheviks were Communists– people who favor the equal distribution of wealth and the end of all forms of private property. _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________

21 Germany Defeated At home and on the battlefield, Germans were tired of war. –Food shortages –Riots and strikes –Shortage of soldiers _____________________________________________________ –Austria-Hungary reached a peace accord with the Allies on November 3, _____________________________________________________

22 The Cost of WWI Casualties Allied: 5 million soldiers dead Central Powers: 3.5 million soldiers dead Financial Losses $30 billion in property destroyed Allies: $145 billion spent Central Powers: $63 billion spent

23 The Treaty of Versailles ______________________________________________

24 The Treaty of Versailles Rejected __________________________________ –Felt like it gave them to much military power

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