Presentation on theme: "Civil Rights Movement EQ: What was the Civil Rights Movement, and how was it successful during the 1960s."— Presentation transcript:
Civil Rights Movement EQ: What was the Civil Rights Movement, and how was it successful during the 1960s
Civil rights leaders battled school segregation in court. ____________________________________________________________ –Federal, state, and local governments could allow segregation so long as separate facilities were equal. –States in North and South maintained separate schools for white and black students. _________________________________________________________ –Schools for black children typically received less funding. Early civil rights leaders focused on ending segregation in public schools. –______________________________________________________________
Brown v. Board of Education __________________________________ Brown was a seven-year-old African American girl named Linda Brown from Topeka, Kansas. Lindas father sued to allow Linda to attend school closer to her home. __________________________________
Little Rock Nine Most schools in South implemented gradual integration plans. Little Rock, Arkansas school board decided to start by integrating one high school. –_________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ –Arkansas governor worked to prevent desegregation by using National Guard troops to block the nine students from school. ______________________________________________________ Little Rock Nine began attending classes. –Faced hostility and discrimination from other students –Eight of the nine remained in school and graduated.
The Montgomery Bus Boycott Black passengers required to sit at back of city buses and to give up seats to white passengers ____________________________________________________________ –Bus driver called police and she was taken to jail. ___________________________________________________________ –Thousands of African Americans stopped riding buses. –Bus ridership fell by 70 percent. –_______________________________________________________________ –Lasted 381 days ____________________________________________________________
Sit-Ins _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ –They sat in the whites only section of the lunch counter. –The next day, they returned with dozens more students. –Soon another sit in began at a nearby store. –Despite harassment, they refused to respond with violence. Over time, some businesses began process of integration.
President Kennedy Assassinated _____________________________________________ –Shocked the nation _____________________________________________ –Vowed to continue Kennedys work –__________________________________________________
Civil Rights Act of 1964 Signed into law on July 2, 1964 Banned segregation in public places Outlawed discrimination in the workplace on the basis of color, gender, religion, or national origin Civil Rights Legislation