3 Universal SolventWater is called the "universal solvent" because it dissolves more substances than any other liquid.Solvent-in a solution, the liquid in which a solid dissolvesSolute-in a solution, the molecule dissolved in the solvent
4 Cohesion and AdhesionCohesion-the force that holds molecules of a single material togetherAdhesion-the attractive force between two different substances that are in contact with each other
5 PolarityWater is polar because the oxygen has a partial negative charge and the hydrogen atoms each have a partial positive charge; polar molecules interact with other polar and charged molecules and ionsO-H+H+
6 Density and BuoyancyDensity-the amount of the stuff/material in an objectDensity = Mass/VolumeBuoyancy-Will it sink or float?Used to determine if objects will float on the surface of water.
7 Specific HeatThe amount of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 kg of a substance 1 degree CelsiusWater has a high specific heat index.Water can absorb a lot of heat before it begins to get hot.