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Anatomy and Physiology Defined Levels of Organization Atoms/Chemicals Cells Tissue Organ Organ Systems Organism Organism P_______________ C___________.

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Presentation on theme: "Anatomy and Physiology Defined Levels of Organization Atoms/Chemicals Cells Tissue Organ Organ Systems Organism Organism P_______________ C___________."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 Anatomy and Physiology Defined

3 Levels of Organization Atoms/Chemicals Cells Tissue Organ Organ Systems Organism Organism P_______________ C___________ Ecosystem Anatomy and Physiology Ecology

4 Atoms to Cells Protons & Neutrons Electrons Nerve Cell Animal Cell Muscle Cell Ameoba Plant Cell

5 Cells to Tissues Single Cells Join to Make Tissue Cell in ________ Cardiac Muscle Tissue

6 Tissues to Organs Individual Cardiac Tissues Join Together A single Organ (heart)

7 Organs to Organ Systems Artery Vein Heart Capillaries Cardiovascular System

8 Organ Systems Organisms ? ? ?

9 11 Organ Systems 1) Integumentary System-Skin 2) Skeletal System-Bones 3) Muscular System-Muscles 4) Nervous System-Nerves, Brain, Spinal Cord 5) Endocrine System- Pituitary, Thyroid, Adrenals, Pancreas, and other hormone producers 6) Cardiovascular System- Heart, Vessels, Capillaries 7) Lymphatic System- L___________,S____________, T_________ and other Blood (cleaning) related organs 8) Respiratory System- Nasal, Larynx, Bronchi, Lungs 9) Digestive System-Tube from Mouth to Anus 10) Urinary (Excretory)-K___________, B______________ Urethra, Ureter 11) Reproductive-Testis, Ovary, Penis, Uterus, Vagina

10 Systems 5&7 Series of Organs that produce HORMONES Hormones regulate Growth, Metabolism, and Sexual Development Hormones are released from organs into bloodstream for transport Is involved in the DEFENSE of the body Generates ANTIBODIES Produces WHITE BLOOD CELLS Drains excess body fluids Lymph nodes located in neck, groin, and armpit regions Spleen is largest lymph organ Endocrine Lymphatic

11 Basic Life Functions Maintaining Boundaries-Cells and Skin (both) Movement Responsiveness Digestion Metabolism Excretion Reproduction Growth

12 Survival Needs Nutrients Oxygen Water Body Temperature Atmospheric Pressure

13 Homeostasis The body WORKING to maintain a constant state. If hot-try to cool, if dehydrated-conserve moisture. Receptor Control Center Effector Components of a Homeostatic Event

14 Homeostatic Imbalance Most diseases are classified as Homeostatic Imbalance In every chapter, example of homeostatic imbalance will be discussed They are indicated in your text by a RULER BALANCED ON A PYRAMID Find 2 in your book now, give page number and explanation A.________________ B.__________________

15 Anatomical Positioning THE Anatomical Position A person in the anatomical position is standing erect with the head, eyes and toes pointing forward, feet together with arms by the side. The palms of the hands are also point forward. ***Please assume this position by your desk***

16 Directional Terms superior/inferior anterior/posterior medial/lateral dorsal/ventral intermediate proximal/distal superficial/deep Use page 14 to make sketches of each of these in your notes

17 Diagram1 Anterior Torso

18 Diagram 2

19 Diagram3 Leg Landmarks

20 Diagram 4 Arm Landmarks

21 Diagram 5 Torso - Posterior (Body Landmarks) Torso - Posterior (Body Landmarks)

22 Body Planes and Sections

23 Regions and Quadrants

24 Dorsal Body Cavities

25 Ventral Body Cavity

26 Summary

27 Resource Page Internet Sites 1) http://www.cellsalive.com/index.htm http://www.cellsalive.com/index.htm 2) http://www.gen.umn.edu/courses/1135/lab/histolab/muscleimages.html http://www.gen.umn.edu/courses/1135/lab/histolab/muscleimages.html 3) http://www-medlib.med.utah.edu/WebPath/CVHTML/CV001.html http://www-medlib.med.utah.edu/WebPath/CVHTML/CV001.html 4) http://users.tpg.com.au/users/amcgann/body/circulatory.html http://users.tpg.com.au/users/amcgann/body/circulatory.html 5) http://www.innerbody.com/htm/body.html http://www.innerbody.com/htm/body.html 6) http://www.bioedonline.org/slides/slide01.cfm?q=central%20nervous%20system&dpg=28 http://www.bioedonline.org/slides/slide01.cfm?q=central%20nervous%20system&dpg=28 7) http://kcfac.kilgore.cc.tx.us/luneaupage1409/torso%20anterior%20view.jpg


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