Presentation on theme: "Section 14.1 Organizing and Visualizing Data. Objectives 1. Describe the population whose properties are to be analyzed. 2. Organize and present data."— Presentation transcript:
Objectives 1. Describe the population whose properties are to be analyzed. 2. Organize and present data.
Key Terms Statistics: an area in mathematics where we are interested in gathering, analyzing, presenting, and making predictions from numerical information. Data (Distribution): a collection of numerical information. Population: entire collection of items that is the focus of the survey. Sample: a subset of the population. Biased: sample does not accurately reflect the population as a whole with regard to data gathered. Selection Bias: how you chose the people to participate in the survey. Leading Question Bias: the way a question is asked in a survey.
Key Terms Frequency Distribution: A set of data listed with their frequencies. Relative Frequency Distribution: contains the percent of time that each item occurred. Frequency Table: a table that lists items and number of times it occurs Bar Graph: a graph that compares different amounts using bars. Histogram: a special type of bar graph used to graph frequency distribution. Stem-and-Leaf Display: a method of presenting data in a graphical formal, similar to a histogram. It is used to assist in visualizing the shape of a distribution.
Example 1: Construct frequency table, relative frequency table, & bar graph TB pg. 786/1 # of Hours Frequency Relative Frequency
Example 2: Construct a bar graph for the data TB pg. 786/3
Example 3: Draw a bar graph TB pg. 786/5 # of Hours Frequency Relative Frequency
Example 4: Group and draw histogram TB pg. 786/9 HeightFrequency