Presentation on theme: "Utilizing the World Wide Web for Research Linda Mills Library Media Specialist Greensburg Elementary"— Presentation transcript:
Utilizing the World Wide Web for Research Linda Mills Library Media Specialist Greensburg Elementary index.htm
Why Research? Productive member of society Life long learners Develop a deep understanding of a subject Create and share knowledge Speak to an audience Present a well reasoned point of view Indiana Language Arts Standards
Language Art Standards (2006) (moved and changed-Under Research Applications) Write or deliver a research report that has been developed using a systematic research process (define the topic, gathers information, determines credibility, reports findings) and that: --Uses information from a variety of sources (book, technology, multimedia) and documents sources (title and author). --Demonstrates that information that has been gathered has been summarized. --Organizes information by categorizing and sequencing. Examples: Holocaust, Solar System, Lewis and Clark, American Revolution
Second Grade Language Arts (added) Write or deliver a research report that has been developed using a systematic research process (define the topic, gathers information, determines credibility, reports findings) and that: --Uses a variety of resources (books, technology, pictures, charts, table of contents, diagrams) and documents sources (titles and authors) --Organizes information by categorizing it into single categories (such as size or color) or includes information gained through observation. Examples: Penguins, Snakes, Spiders, Landforms, Biographies, Landmarks
Language Arts Standards LA (added) Write or deliver a research report that has been developed using a systematic research process (define the topic, gathers information, determines credibility, reports findings) and that: --Uses a variety of sources (books, technology, pictures, charts, table of contents, diagrams) and documents sources (titles and authors) --Organizes information into more than one category (such as living and nonliving, hot and cold) or includes information gained through observation. Examples: Habitats
Fourth Grade Language Arts (moved and changed--Under Research Applications) Write or deliver a research report that has been developed using a systematic research process (define the topic, gathers information, determines credibility, reports findings) and that: --Uses a variety of resources (books, technology, multimedia) and documents sources (titles and authors) --Demonstrates that information that has been gathered has been summarized. --Organizes information by categorizing it into multiple categories (such as size or color) or includes information gained through observation. Example: Scientists
Digital Information Fluency Ability to find, evaluate and use digital information efficiently, effectively, and ethically DIF is knowing how digital information is different than print information Having the skills to use specialized tools Developing the dispositions needed in digital environment
Examples of student research Penguins Continents Animals/Biomes Scientists Space Lewis and Clark Holocaust ABC books
Research Models The Big6 Pathways to Knowledge Research Cycle Kids Connect Toolbox Information Search Process Savvy Seven 8Ws of Information Inquiry Stripling Pitts Research Process
Big6 (http://big6.com)http://big6.com Information fluency tips Copyright information Locating resources Evaluating resources Search challenges modules Use of Information Engage (e.g., read, hear, view, touch) Extract relevant information Synthesis Organize from multiple sources Present the information Evaluation Judge the product (effectiveness) Judge the process (efficiency)
Pathways to Knowledge Appreciation and Enjoyment Examine the world. Presearch Develop an overview; explore relationships Search Identify information providers; select information resources; seek relevant information Interpretation Interpret information Communication Apply information; share new knowledge Evaluation Evaluate process and product
Research Cycle by Jamie Mckenzie Questioning Planning Gathering Sporting and sifting Synthesizing Evaluating Reporting
Information Search Process Initiation Selection Exploration Formulation Collection Presentation
Savvy Seven What is the Question? What Resources Should I Use? How Do I Find the Information? How Do I Gather the Information? Which Information Do I Use? How Do I Share What I Learned?. How Do I Evaluate My Work?
Pitts/Stripling Step 1:Choose a broad topic. Step 2:Get an overview of the topic. Step 3:Narrow the topic. Step 4:Develop a thesis or statement of purpose. Step 5:Formulate questions to guide research. Step 6:Plan for research and production. Step 7:Find / Analyze / Evaluate sources. Step 8:Evaluate evidence / Take notes / Compile bibliography. Step 9:Establish conclusions / Organize information into an outline. Step 10:Create and present final product.
8 Ws by Annette Lamb What is the Question? What Resources Should I Use? How Do I Find the Information? How Do I Gather the Information? Which Information Do I Use? How Do I Share What I Learned?. How Do I Evaluate My Work?
Using Books Books used first as a basic of knowledge Maybe a picture book Maybe a non fiction book Maybe a group of books Background knowledge needed for elementary students
Where to find books? Library Media Specialist Lists of great books Magazines Bookstore browsing Talking to others Conferences
Dont make young students search (especially in the beginning)
What? No Google? Instead use…… Pathfinders Webquests Noodletools Online encyclopedias Directories or Kid Search Engines Reference sites Specific subject areas Teacher sites Maps and Cams
What is a Pathfinder? Around since the 70s to help library users navigate resources Establishes a plan of action Now Web-based and even more necessary! Sharable 24/7 Scalablemakes teachers and librarians advice vastly available Models selection, evaluation, strategies, and balance!
Why Pathfinder for Students? So they wont miss the really good stuff! Promote a wide and balanced range of relevant resources Multiple formats/Displays range of information choices Can students discern quality? Move students from reliance on free Web or their favorite search engine
Pathfinders also……. Inspire thoughtful, comprehensive research Have annotations Select only the best Have broad spectrum of resources Have been evaluated by someone Are entry point to the oral defense
Pathfinders Help navigate through a wealth of search choices and resources by developing a path for a student to follow Examples and template for a pathfinder My webpage – Go to Presentations ry/index.htm ry/index.htm
Pathfinders to try Internet Public Library Pathfinders Great sites to try for lots of links. Morton Grove Public Library Webrary Morton Grove Public Library Webraryhttp://www.webrary.org/rs/bibmenu.html Site defines the difference between a bibliography and pathfinder and provides links to both. Potamus Place Pathfinders Potamus Place Pathfindershttp://www.potamusplace.net/pathfinder.shtml From the Cleveland Heights-University Heights Library system. Includes several well-organized pathfinders for school projects. Travilah Web Walkabout Travilah Web Walkabout Educational Resources which include pathfinders. Excellent site! Joyce Valenza's Online Lessons and Activities Joyce Valenza's Online Lessons and Activitieshttp://mciu.org/~spjvweb/jvles.html –You'll find high quality examples of high school pathfinders, as well as a pathfinder template at this site. Take time to visit all of Ms. Valenza's site. She provides exceptional resources for the LMS. Lakewood Public Library Lakewood Public Libraryhttp://www.lkwdpl.org/schools/schlpath.htm –Class Assignment Pathfinders (Lakewood, Ohio) for elementary, middle and high school.
Pathfinders to try……. Infozone Pathfinders –The Indianapolis Marion County Public Library provides an extensive list of well-organized, well-designed pathfinders for kids. Pathfinders are indexed by subject, as well as alphabetically. Cross references to related pathfinders are included. Book cover images add a great visual connection Walter Johnson High School Research Pathfinders Walter Johnson High School Research Pathfinders A treasure trove of pathfinders for high school students. Eduscapes Why start with a search engine, when you can find a pathfinder to fit your needs at 42eXplore? When learning something new, it's nice to have more than one resource to explore. This web project provides "four to eXplore" for each topic. On each page you'll find definitions, activities, the 4 good starting points, and many more links and resources for the thematic topic.
Pathfinders to try……. Wenatchee School District Pathfinders The Library Media Web pages at these schools have information pathfinders to support state and local curriculum standards: John Newbery Elementary School John Newbery Elementary School Pathfinder Template Pathfinder Template Basic template used by library media specialists in Wenatchee Pathfinders, Subject Guides and Thematic Resources Pathfinders, Subject Guides and Thematic Resources An extensive resource about pathfinders and more, developed by Annette Lamb and Larry Johnson. As always, these folks provide a thorough, well-organized resource. It's a pathfinder developer's dream
Webquests Inquiry oriented activity Information is drawn from web Focus on using information and synthesizing it, NOT searching for it
Noodletools Helps develop research skills Bibliography maker Helps develop search strategies Articles about research Location
Pay vs. Non-Pay Sites Pay sites Online encyclopedias United Streaming Other data bases
Non cost Sites (Invisible sites) INSPIRE--free to ALL people in Indiana Databases of magazines resources
Online Encyclopedias Encyclopedia(s) Atlas Dictionary Search features Videos--Animations--Magazines
Wikipedia Good or bad?
Try one Groliers ID: greensburg password:home World Books ID:greensburg password: home brary/encyclopedia.htm
United Streaming Great way to get full length videos Great way to get snippets of videos Lots of images Can use on computer for whole class Students can use individually
Premise If people believe that they have searched the entire Internet when they run a search on a search engine, they are sadly mistakenthey are only seeing a subset of what is available. Vint Cerf, Financial Times, 12/5/01
Need to teach students to: Evaluate sites How to be safe on the Internet How to choose keywords How to not plagiarize
Evaluating Websites Authors expertise Publisher reliable Links from authors page Reliable pages link to this page Information from traditional sources Updated or published Information accurate Bias in perspective Evidence in support
Kathy Schrock Sponsored by Discovery School Rich in grade level appropriate materials Searching terminology Evaluation skills evalelem.html evalelem.html
Quick Quality Information Checklist United Kingdom 8 step evaluation guide and online quiz
Cyberbee Rich site with a variety of materials Evaluation guide Research tools Web projects
Cypersmart Useful site for teaching children how to use the Internet effectively and safely. Learn to evaluate and cite the web sites Developed by McMillian/McGraw Hill Designed for K-8 Includes lesson plans, teacher support materials and ISTE NETS alignment e/ e/
Great Sites Selection Criteria American Library Association Selection criteria for Great Sites Four evaluation points: authorship/sponsorship; purpose; design/stability; and content. sites/criteria.html sites/criteria.html
Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy Information fluency tips Copyright information Locating resources Evaluating resources Search challenges modules
Various sites to use Directories/Kid Search Engines Reference sites General sites Specific subject area sites Image sites
Links My webpage: ry/index.htm ry/index.htm Find these under Presentations and then Utilizing the Worldwide Web for Research
Locating Resources Dont waste time searching for things Search familiar print sources online Use unique terms Use +, - and operators to narrow search Search best sites in depth Refine your search strategy Use synonyms Focus on format Search the invisible web
What is the Invisible Web? Stuff that search engine crawlers cannot or will not add to their databases. Two to 50 times larger than the visible Web Invisible Web resources often much higher quality than the visible Web Great article by Chris Sherman entitled The Invisible Web: Uncovering Sources Search Engines Cant See in Library Trends
Websites Explained Deep Web refers to everything else. Surface Web refers to Internet resources indexed by general search engines. Invisible Web refers to Internet resources accessible only by specialized search tools. Opaque Web refers to Internet resources that are unlinked. Dark Web refers to Internet resources that are off limits except to the privileged few.
New vocabulary What is Web 2.0? Blogs, podcast, wikis, webinar,video broadcasting, music files, photo sharing
Integrating digital content into projects Respect copyright laws Use the browsers find feature Use bookmarks/favorites to organize documents Create an annotated URL list Cite Internet documents correctly Incorporate text from the web in reports and presentations Incorporate images
Remember……. Teach research model to be effective Use pathfinders Evaluate information Teach students to be good consumers Explore sites in depth Use site map Important information may be just a click away
Becoming Researchers Prepare yourself for change Teach students directly Teach the teachers Propose a research model for your school Gain administrative support