Presentation on theme: "Utilizing the World Wide Web for Research"— Presentation transcript:
1Utilizing the World Wide Web for Research Linda MillsLibrary Media SpecialistGreensburg Elementary
2Why Research? Productive member of society Life long learners Develop a deep understanding of a subjectCreate and share knowledgeSpeak to an audiencePresent a well reasoned point of viewIndiana Language Arts Standards
3Language Art Standards (2006) 5.5.3 (moved and changed-Under Research Applications) Write or deliver a research report that has been developed using a systematic research process (define the topic, gathers information, determines credibility, reports findings) and that:--Uses information from a variety of sources (book, technology, multimedia) and documents sources (title and author).--Demonstrates that information that has been gathered has been summarized.--Organizes information by categorizing and sequencing.Examples: Holocaust, Solar System, Lewis and Clark, American Revolution
4Second Grade Language Arts 2.5.8 (added) Write or deliver a research report that has been developed using a systematic research process (define the topic, gathers information, determines credibility, reports findings) and that:--Uses a variety of resources (books, technology, pictures, charts, table of contents, diagrams) and documents sources (titles and authors)--Organizes information by categorizing it into single categories (such as size or color) or includes information gained through observation.Examples: Penguins, Snakes, Spiders, Landforms, Biographies, Landmarks
5Language Arts Standards LA (added) Write or deliver a research report that has been developed using a systematic research process (define the topic, gathers information, determines credibility, reports findings) and that:--Uses a variety of sources (books, technology, pictures, charts, table of contents, diagrams) and documents sources (titles and authors)--Organizes information into more than one category (such as living and nonliving, hot and cold) or includes information gained through observation.Examples: Habitats
6Fourth Grade Language Arts 4.5.3 (moved and changed--Under Research Applications) Write or deliver a research report that has been developed using a systematic research process (define the topic, gathers information, determines credibility, reports findings) and that:--Uses a variety of resources (books, technology, multimedia) and documents sources (titles and authors)--Demonstrates that information that has been gathered has been summarized.--Organizes information by categorizing it into multiple categories (such as size or color) or includes information gained through observation.Example: Scientists
7Digital Information Fluency Ability to find, evaluate and use digital information efficiently, effectively, and ethicallyDIF is knowing how digital information is different than print informationHaving the skills to use specialized toolsDeveloping the dispositions needed in digital environment
8Examples of student research PenguinsContinentsAnimals/BiomesScientistsSpaceLewis and ClarkHolocaustABC books
9Research Models The Big6 Pathways to Knowledge Research Cycle Kids Connect ToolboxInformation Search ProcessSavvy Seven8W’s of Information InquiryStripling Pitts Research Process
10Big6 (http://big6.com) Information fluency tips Copyright information Locating resourcesEvaluating resourcesSearch challenges modulesUse of InformationEngage (e.g., read, hear, view, touch)Extract relevant informationSynthesisOrganize from multiple sourcesPresent the informationEvaluationJudge the product (effectiveness)Judge the process (efficiency)
11Pathways to Knowledge http://www.sparkfactor.com/clients/follett/home.html Appreciation and Enjoyment Examine the world.Presearch Develop an overview; explore relationshipsSearch Identify information providers; select information resources; seek relevant informationInterpretation Interpret informationCommunication Apply information; share new knowledgeEvaluation Evaluate process and product
12Research Cycle by Jamie Mckenzie http://questioning.org QuestioningPlanningGatheringSporting and siftingSynthesizingEvaluatingReporting
13Information Search Process http://www. asis InitiationSelectionExplorationFormulationCollectionPresentation
14Savvy Seven http://www.davidvl.org/savvy7.html What is the Question?What Resources Should I Use?How Do I Find the Information?How Do I Gather the Information?Which Information Do I Use?How Do I Share What I Learned?.How Do I Evaluate My Work?
15Pitts/Stripling http://witloof. sjsu. edu/courses/250 Step 1:Choose a broad topic.Step 2:Get an overview of the topic.Step 3:Narrow the topic.Step 4:Develop a thesis or statement of purpose.Step 5:Formulate questions to guide research.Step 6:Plan for research and production.Step 7:Find / Analyze / Evaluate sources.Step 8:Evaluate evidence / Take notes / Compile bibliography.Step 9:Establish conclusions / Organize information into an outline.Step 10:Create and present final product.
168 W’s by Annette Lamb http://eduscapes.com/tap/topic71.htm What is the Question?What Resources Should I Use?How Do I Find the Information?How Do I Gather the Information?Which Information Do I Use?How Do I Share What I Learned?.How Do I Evaluate My Work?
17Using Books Books used first as a basic of knowledge Maybe a picture bookMaybe a non fiction bookMaybe a group of booksBackground knowledge needed for elementary students
18Where to find books? Library Media Specialist Lists of great books MagazinesBookstore browsingTalking to othersConferences
19Don’t make young students search (especially in the beginning) Doesn’t come naturally even if they are Digital Natives and not Digital ImmigrantsNeed to be taught how to searchNeed to be taught how to evaluateNeed to know what to search for
20What? No Google? Instead use…… PathfindersWebquestsNoodletoolsOnline encyclopediasDirectories or Kid Search EnginesReference sitesSpecific subject areasTeacher sitesMaps and Cams
21What is a Pathfinder?Around since the ‘70s to help library users navigate resourcesEstablishes a plan of actionNow Web-based and even more necessary!Sharable 24/7Scalable—makes teachers’ and librarians’ advice vastly availableModels selection, evaluation, strategies, and balance!
22Why Pathfinder for Students? So they won’t miss the really good stuff!Promote a wide and balanced range of relevant resourcesMultiple formats/Displays range of information choicesCan students discern quality?Move students from reliance on free Web or their favorite search engine
23Pathfinders also……. Inspire thoughtful, comprehensive research Have annotationsSelect only the bestHave broad spectrum of resourcesHave been evaluated by someoneAre entry point to the oral defense
24PathfindersHelp navigate through a wealth of search choices and resources by developing a path for a student to followExamples and template for a pathfinderMy webpage – Go to Presentations
25Pathfinders to tryInternet Public Library PathfindersGreat sites to try for lots of links.Morton Grove Public Library WebrarySite defines the difference between a bibliography and pathfinder and provides links to both.Potamus Place PathfindersFrom the Cleveland Heights-University Heights Library system. Includes several well-organized pathfinders for school projects.Travilah Web WalkaboutEducational Resources which include pathfinders. Excellent site!Joyce Valenza's Online Lessons and ActivitiesYou'll find high quality examples of high school pathfinders, as well as a pathfinder template at this site. Take time to visit all of Ms. Valenza's site. She provides exceptional resources for the LMS.Lakewood Public LibraryClass Assignment Pathfinders (Lakewood, Ohio) for elementary, middle and high school.
26Pathfinders to try…….Infozone PathfindersThe Indianapolis Marion County Public Library provides an extensive list of well-organized, well-designed pathfinders for kids. Pathfinders are indexed by subject, as well as alphabetically. Cross references to related pathfinders are included. Book cover images add a great visual connectionWalter Johnson High School Research PathfindersA treasure trove of pathfinders for high school students.EduscapesWhy start with a search engine, when you can find a pathfinder to fit your needs at 42eXplore? When learning something new, it's nice to have more than one resource to explore. This web project provides "four to eXplore" for each topic. On each page you'll find definitions, activities, the 4 good starting points, and many more links and resources for the thematic topic.
27Pathfinders to try……. Wenatchee School District Pathfinders The Library Media Web pages at these schools have information pathfinders to support state and local curriculum standards:John Newbery Elementary SchoolPathfinder TemplateBasic template used by library media specialists in WenatcheePathfinders, Subject Guides and Thematic ResourcesAn extensive resource about pathfinders and more, developed by Annette Lamb and Larry Johnson. As always, these folks provide a thorough, well-organized resource. It's a pathfinder developer's dream
28Webquests Inquiry oriented activity Information is drawn from web Focus on using information and synthesizing it, NOT searching for it
29Noodletools Helps develop research skills Bibliography maker Helps develop search strategiesArticles about researchLocation
30Pay vs. Non-Pay Sites Pay sites Online encyclopedias United Streaming Other data bases
31Non cost Sites (Invisible sites) INSPIRE--free to ALL people in IndianaDatabases of magazines resources
32Online Encyclopedias Encyclopedia(s) Atlas Dictionary Search features Videos--Animations--Magazines
34Try one Groliers ID: greensburg password:home World Books
35United Streaming http://www.unitedstreaming.com Great way to get full length videosGreat way to get snippets of videosLots of imagesCan use on computer for whole classStudents can use individually
36Premise“If people believe that they have searched the entire Internet when they run a search on a search engine, they are sadly mistaken—they are only seeing a subset of what is available.”Vint Cerf, Financial Times, 12/5/01
37Need to teach students to: Evaluate sitesHow to be safe on the InternetHow to choose keywordsHow to not plagiarize
38Evaluating Websites Author’s expertise Publisher reliable Links from author’s pageReliable pages link to this pageInformation from traditional sourcesUpdated or publishedInformation accurateBias in perspectiveEvidence in support
39Kathy Schrock Sponsored by Discovery School Rich in grade level appropriate materialsSearching terminologyEvaluation skills
40Quick Quality Information Checklist United Kingdom 8 step evaluation guide and online quiz
41Cyberbee Rich site with a variety of materials Evaluation guide Research toolsWeb projects
42CypersmartUseful site for teaching children how to use the Internet effectively and safely.Learn to evaluate and cite the web sitesDeveloped by McMillian/McGraw HillDesigned for K-8Includes lesson plans, teacher support materials and ISTE NETS alignment
43Great Sites Selection Criteria American Library AssociationSelection criteria for Great SitesFour evaluation points: authorship/sponsorship; purpose; design/stability; and content.
44Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy Information fluency tipsCopyright informationLocating resourcesEvaluating resourcesSearch challenges modules
45Various sites to use Directories/Kid Search Engines Reference sites General sitesSpecific subject area sitesImage sites
46LinksMy webpage:Find these under Presentations and then Utilizing the Worldwide Web for Research
47Locating Resources Don’t waste time searching for things Search familiar print sources onlineUse unique termsUse +, - and “” operators to narrow searchSearch best sites in depthRefine your search strategyUse synonymsFocus on formatSearch the invisible web
48What is the Invisible Web? ‘Stuff’ that search engine crawlers cannot or will not add to their databases.Two to 50 times larger than the visible WebInvisible Web resources often much higher quality than the visible WebGreat article by Chris Sherman entitled “The Invisible Web: Uncovering Sources Search Engines Can’t See” in Library Trends
49Websites Explained Deep Web refers to everything else. Surface Web refers to Internet resources indexed by general search engines.Invisible Web refers to Internet resources accessible only by specialized search tools.Opaque Web refers to Internet resources that are unlinked.Dark Web refers to Internet resources that are off limits except to the privileged few.
50New vocabulary What is Web 2.0? Blogs, podcast, wikis, webinar,video broadcasting, music files, photo sharing
51Integrating digital content into projects Respect copyright lawsUse the browser’s find featureUse bookmarks/favorites to organize documentsCreate an annotated URL listCite Internet documents correctlyIncorporate text from the web in reports and presentationsIncorporate images
52Remember……. Teach research model to be effective Use pathfinders Evaluate informationTeach students to be good consumersExplore sites in depthUse site mapImportant information may be just a click away
53Becoming Researchers Prepare yourself for change Teach students directlyTeach the teachersPropose a research model for your schoolGain administrative support