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30 pt5 pt 15 pt 20 pt 25 pt 5 pt 10 pt 15 pt 20 pt 25 pt 5 pt 10 pt 15 pt 20 pt 25 pt 5 pt 10 pt 15 pt 20 pt 25 pt 5 pt Confederation Era Constitutional Convention Early Republic Foreign Policy Grab Bag 35 pt10 pt 15 pt40 pt 45 pt 20 pt 50 pt25 pt 30 pt 10 pt35 pt 40 pt 45 pt 50 pt 30 pt 35 pt 40 pt 45 pt 50 pt 30 pt 35 pt 40 pt 45 pt 50 pt 30 pt 35 pt 40 pt 45 pt 50 pt
The first government of the United States – 1776 to 1787
Articles of Confederation
Why did the Framers create a weak national government?
They feared creating another tyranny
Plan to survey and sell land in Northwest Territory
Land Ordinance of 1785
Plan to organize western territories into new states
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
What were the 3 steps from territory to statehood?
1.Territorial governor 2.5,000 landowners = assembly 3.60,000 pop. = apply for statehood
Which branches of government were missing from the Articles?
judicial and executive
Name at least 2 successes of the Confederation government
Won American Revolution Treaty of Paris Managed Northwest Territory
Name at least 3 weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation
1.No power to tax 2.No courts 3.No control over trade 4.Difficult to pass laws 5.States could make own currency
What was Shays’ Rebellion?
1787 - MA farmers revolted over high taxes
What did the Framers decide to do after Shays’ Rebellion?
Meet to revise the Articles of Confederation – fix weaknesses
When and where was the Constitutional Convention?
1787 at Philadelphia, PA
Framer who: Kept daily notes Wrote Bill of Rights Called “Father of the Constitution”
Plan with bicameral legislature based on population
What was the Great Compromise?
House of Representatives – population Senate – 2 per state
Counted 60% of slaves for taxes and representation
Compromise over how to elect the president
Name 2 Federalists who supported Constitution
James “Mad Dog” Madison Alexander “The Ham” Hamilton John “Jam Jam” Jay
Name 2 Anti- Federalist points against the Constitution
1.President will become a tyrant 2.States should keep important powers 3.No bill of rights
Name 2 Anti- Federalists who opposed Constitution as written
Patrick “Stinky Rat” Henry George Mason Mercy Otis Warren
Federalists agreed to add this to win VA and NY support
Bill of Rights
What is a precedent?
First action that sets the example for the future
Group of presidential advisors
Name 3 challenges facing Early Republic
Establishing strong government Creating courts Building economy National defense Western lands
What advice did Washington give in his Farewell Address?
Don’t form political parties Stay out of debt Remain neutral in foreign affairs
Party favored agriculture, strict Constitution, no national bank, France
Party favored industry, loose Constitution, national bank, Britain
What did the Whiskey Rebellion show about President Washington?
He was willing to use federal power to keep order
Economy with private ownership of businesses that compete for sales
free enterprise a.k.a. market economy
Power established by Marbury v. Madison
Judicial review – courts decide if laws are constitutional
Native American chief killed in the War of 1812
How did Washington react to the French Revolution?
He declared that the U.S. would stay neutral
What was the XYZ Affair?
French ministers asked for a bribe to negotiate peace
Kidnapping American sailors into British navy
President Jefferson’s ban on U.S. foreign trade
Embargo Act of 1807
How did Jefferson handle Barbary pirate attacks?
1.Sent U.S. navy to protect shipping 2.Paid bribes to pirates to stop attacks
Name at least 2 causes of the War of 1812
British refusing to leave Northwest British arming Natives Impressment of U.S. sailors
Congressmen who supported war with Great Britain
Name 3 effects of the War of 1812 on the U.S.
1.U.S. industry increased 2.Natives weakened 3.U.S. nationalism 4.Federalist Party ended
Treaty with Spain that gave Florida to the U.S.
Adams-Onis Treaty of 1819
Declared no more European colonies on American continents
Chief justice who strengthened federal power over the states
Federalist laws to stop criticism of Adams’ policies
Alien and Sedition Acts
Amendment that established president-vice president ticket
12 th Amendment
Leader of the Federalist Party
Leader of the Democratic- Republican Party
Thomas “TJ” Jefferson
Compromise located this city in the South
Latitude that set border between U.S. and Canada
49 degrees N
Agreement that ended War of 1812
Treaty of Ghent
Agreement that Britain would leave Ohio Valley
Jefferson and Madison proposal to nullify Alien and Sedition Acts
Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions
Review Sheet Unit 3 Washington to War of 1812.
Horas 2005 George Washington John Adams Thomas Jefferson.
Chapter 8 Notes The Federalist Era
Washington and Adams Administrations
FROM THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION TO THE US CONSTITUTION AND THE CHALLENGES OF THE FIRST ADMINISTRATIONS Chapter 2: Sections 3-4: pp
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