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WWII This nation will remain a neutral nation, but I cannot ask that every American remain neutral in thought as well. FDR, 1939.

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Presentation on theme: "WWII This nation will remain a neutral nation, but I cannot ask that every American remain neutral in thought as well. FDR, 1939."— Presentation transcript:

1 WWII This nation will remain a neutral nation, but I cannot ask that every American remain neutral in thought as well. FDR, 1939

2 Dictators Threaten World Peace Mussolini, Dictator of Italy. Extreme Nationalism, and Militaristic. Mussolini, Dictator of Italy. Extreme Nationalism, and Militaristic. Hitler, Germany. Extreme Racism and militaristic. Nazi Party. Hitler, Germany. Extreme Racism and militaristic. Nazi Party. Stalin, Soviet Union, Communist, Revolution by workers. Stalin, Soviet Union, Communist, Revolution by workers. Japan, Military Leaders. Japan, Military Leaders.

3 Reasons for Rise of Dictatorships Economic Turmoil: World wide depression, Germany paying war reparations Economic Turmoil: World wide depression, Germany paying war reparations Sagging National Spirit: Restore past glories Sagging National Spirit: Restore past glories

4 Italy Individual had no rights. Individual had no rights. Only the state is important Only the state is important Restore past glory of Rome Restore past glory of Rome Gain overseas colonies: attacked Ethiopia 1935 Gain overseas colonies: attacked Ethiopia 1935

5 Russia Aimed to be an industrial giant. Aimed to be an industrial giant. Initiated the Great Purge 3 million political opponents removed. Initiated the Great Purge 3 million political opponents removed. Stopped political, religious, and human rights. Stopped political, religious, and human rights. Wanted communism to spread Wanted communism to spread

6 Japan Military groups in 1920s Military groups in 1920s Revive Samurai Code-Glorify Warriors Revive Samurai Code-Glorify Warriors Engage in naval armament race with Great Britain Engage in naval armament race with Great Britain Look to expand, and gain raw materials for industry Look to expand, and gain raw materials for industry Looks at the U.S. as the chief rival of the U.S. Looks at the U.S. as the chief rival of the U.S.

7 Germany Created the National Socialist Party: Nazis Created the National Socialist Party: Nazis Hitler: Tremendous motivator of the masses Hitler: Tremendous motivator of the masses Restore national pride Restore national pride Promised order out of chaos. Promised order out of chaos. Germanys problems blamed on the Jews, International Bankers, Communists, Old German Leaders, and nations who signed the Treaty of Versailles Germanys problems blamed on the Jews, International Bankers, Communists, Old German Leaders, and nations who signed the Treaty of Versailles

8 Hitler Wrote Mein Kampf in jail and plans a new German Empire (Reich) that would last 100 years. Wrote Mein Kampf in jail and plans a new German Empire (Reich) that would last 100 years. Belief that Germans are the master race and all other races such as Jews, Slavs were inferior and less than human. Belief that Germans are the master race and all other races such as Jews, Slavs were inferior and less than human. Final Solution: Exterminate Jews from the earth. Final Solution: Exterminate Jews from the earth. Dictatorship was the only form of government that would work. Give power to the strong. Dictatorship was the only form of government that would work. Give power to the strong.

9 Members of the Nazi Hierarchy Herman Goerring: Leader of Luftwaffe, old-time friend of Hitler Herman Goerring: Leader of Luftwaffe, old-time friend of Hitler Heinrich Himmler: Head of Nazi SS, in charge of dealing with the final solution Heinrich Himmler: Head of Nazi SS, in charge of dealing with the final solution Joseph Goebels: Minister of Propaganda, kept final solution a secret. Joseph Goebels: Minister of Propaganda, kept final solution a secret. Rudolph Hess: Head of Gestapo (Secret Police) Rudolph Hess: Head of Gestapo (Secret Police)

10 Minister of Propaganda

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12 Hitlers Goals/Movement Towards War Restore National Pride Restore National Pride Regain lost territory Regain lost territory Gain living space Gain living space Destroy Bolshevism Destroy Bolshevism Purify Europe: Final Solution Purify Europe: Final Solution

13 German Territorial Acquisitions 1936: Germany marches into Rhineland. Mussolini and Hitler signs Rome-Berlin Axis 1936: Germany marches into Rhineland. Mussolini and Hitler signs Rome-Berlin Axis 1938: German marches into Austria to quiet civil disorder, next day Austria is declared part of Germany 1938: German marches into Austria to quiet civil disorder, next day Austria is declared part of Germany Hitler demands Czechoslovakia to evacuate the Sudentland. Policy of appeasement is at its highest, Sudentland is signed over. Hitler demands Czechoslovakia to evacuate the Sudentland. Policy of appeasement is at its highest, Sudentland is signed over.

14 Germany cant achieve goals England has radar England has radar German planes too far to fly no escort German planes too far to fly no escort Do not stick to original plan of eliminating RAF Do not stick to original plan of eliminating RAF

15 U.S. Increases involvement Involvement with lend-lease program Involvement with lend-lease program FDR worries allies will run out of money FDR worries allies will run out of money Becomes arsenal of democracy Becomes arsenal of democracy 7 billion $ for ships, planes, tanks 7 billion $ for ships, planes, tanks

16 Amer. Involvement American warships begin convoy duty American warships begin convoy duty Atlantic charter August 1941 Roosevelt meets with Churchill to discuss the post war world. Atlantic charter August 1941 Roosevelt meets with Churchill to discuss the post war world. Countries have the right to determine their own government. Countries have the right to determine their own government. Japan sees America as a sleeping giant, U.S. will enter war after the attack on Pearl Harbor. Japan sees America as a sleeping giant, U.S. will enter war after the attack on Pearl Harbor.

17 Benito Mussolini

18 Joseph Stalin

19 Nazi Propaganda

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23 I have seen war, and I hate war. FDR


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