Presentation on theme: "WWII “This nation will remain a neutral nation, but I cannot ask that every American remain neutral in thought as well.” FDR, 1939 1."— Presentation transcript:
1 WWII“This nation will remain a neutral nation, but I cannot ask that every American remain neutral in thought as well.” FDR, 19391
2 Dictators Threaten World Peace Mussolini, Dictator of Italy. Extreme Nationalism, and Militaristic.Hitler, Germany. Extreme Racism and militaristic. Nazi Party.Stalin, Soviet Union, Communist, Revolution by workers.Japan, Military Leaders.2
3 Reasons for Rise of Dictatorships Economic Turmoil: World wide depression, Germany paying war reparationsSagging National Spirit: Restore past glories
4 Italy Individual had no rights. Only the “state” is important Restore past glory of RomeGain overseas colonies: attacked Ethiopia 1935
5 Russia Aimed to be an industrial giant. Initiated the “Great Purge” 3 million political opponents removed.Stopped political, religious, and human rights.Wanted communism to spread
6 Japan Military groups in 1920’s Revive Samurai Code-Glorify Warriors Engage in naval armament race with Great BritainLook to expand, and gain raw materials for industryLooks at the U.S. as the chief rival of the U.S.
7 Germany Created the National Socialist Party: Nazis Hitler: Tremendous motivator of the massesRestore national pridePromised order out of chaos.Germany’s problems blamed on the Jews, International Bankers, Communists, Old German Leaders, and nations who signed the Treaty of Versailles
8 HitlerWrote “Mein Kampf” in jail and plans a new German Empire (Reich) that would last 100 years.Belief that Germans are the master race and all other races such as Jews, Slavs were inferior and less than human.Final Solution: Exterminate Jews from the earth.Dictatorship was the only form of government that would work. Give power to the strong.
9 Members of the Nazi Hierarchy Herman Goerring: Leader of Luftwaffe, old-time friend of HitlerHeinrich Himmler: Head of Nazi SS, in charge of dealing with the final solutionJoseph Goebels: Minister of Propaganda, kept final solution a secret.Rudolph Hess: Head of Gestapo (Secret Police)
12 Hitler’s Goals/Movement Towards War Restore National PrideRegain lost territoryGain living spaceDestroy BolshevismPurify Europe: Final Solution
13 German Territorial Acquisitions 1936: Germany marches into Rhineland. Mussolini and Hitler signs Rome-Berlin Axis1938: German marches into Austria to quiet civil disorder, next day Austria is declared part of GermanyHitler demands Czechoslovakia to evacuate the Sudentland. Policy of appeasement is at its highest, Sudentland is signed over.
14 Germany can’t achieve goals England has radarGerman planes too far to fly no escortDo not stick to original plan of eliminating RAF
15 U.S. Increases involvement Involvement with lend-lease programFDR worries allies will run out of moneyBecomes arsenal of democracy7 billion $ for ships, planes, tanks
16 Amer. Involvement American warships begin convoy duty Atlantic charter August 1941 Roosevelt meets with Churchill to discuss the post war world.Countries have the right to determine their own government.Japan sees America as a sleeping giant, U.S. will enter war after the attack on Pearl Harbor.