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Origins of the Cold War U.S. vs. Soviet Union We may be likened to two scorpions in a bottle, each capable of killing the other, but only at the risk of.

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Presentation on theme: "Origins of the Cold War U.S. vs. Soviet Union We may be likened to two scorpions in a bottle, each capable of killing the other, but only at the risk of."— Presentation transcript:

1 Origins of the Cold War U.S. vs. Soviet Union We may be likened to two scorpions in a bottle, each capable of killing the other, but only at the risk of its own life. J. Robert Oppenheimer

2 Truman Becomes President Truman was unprepared for national and world leadership. Truman was unprepared for national and world leadership. He had only met with FDR twice when he was vice-president. He had only met with FDR twice when he was vice-president. Truman did not know that the U.S. was developing the A-bomb. Truman did not know that the U.S. was developing the A-bomb. He would have to deal with world leaders with more experience such as Churchill and Stalin. He would have to deal with world leaders with more experience such as Churchill and Stalin.

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4 Iron Curtain

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7 Homefront

8 Truman Meets Stalin They meet at Potsdam, Germany in July They meet at Potsdam, Germany in July Also, Churchill would be replaced because the Labor Party won the national election. Also, Churchill would be replaced because the Labor Party won the national election. Prior, Stalin would not allow Poland to have free open elections. Prior, Stalin would not allow Poland to have free open elections. Truman said that this was a violation of those nations right to self determination. Truman said that this was a violation of those nations right to self determination.

9 Satellite Nations Stalin set up propped up communist governments in Albania, Bulgaria, Czech, Hungary, Romania, and Poland. Stalin set up propped up communist governments in Albania, Bulgaria, Czech, Hungary, Romania, and Poland. They depended on the Soviet Union. They depended on the Soviet Union. Due to this, the Americans responded with the policy of Containment, an effort to block the Soviets attempt to spread their influences to weaker countries and by creating support to weaker countries. Due to this, the Americans responded with the policy of Containment, an effort to block the Soviets attempt to spread their influences to weaker countries and by creating support to weaker countries.

10 Cold War In Europe Truman Doctrine: Financial and military aid to Greece and Turkey so they wouldnt fall to communism. Truman Doctrine: Financial and military aid to Greece and Turkey so they wouldnt fall to communism. Marshall Plan: 12.5 billion to aid countries in Western Europe. Marshall Plan: 12.5 billion to aid countries in Western Europe. Berlin Airlift: Russia Blockaded West Berlin which was in the Russian zone, we airlifted food and supplies for 327 days, and this gave a large boost to American prestige around the world. Berlin Airlift: Russia Blockaded West Berlin which was in the Russian zone, we airlifted food and supplies for 327 days, and this gave a large boost to American prestige around the world.

11 Other Events NATO created NATO created Civil War in China Civil War in China Korean War Korean War

12 Cold War at Home Fear of Communist Influence Fear of Communist Influence House Committee on Un-American Activities had power House Committee on Un-American Activities had power Hollywood Ten and Blacklists Hollywood Ten and Blacklists Rosenberg's executed Rosenberg's executed McCarthyism McCarthyism

13 U.S. Aims Vs.Soviet Aims in Europe Encourage Democracy in other countries Encourage Democracy in other countries Gain access to raw materials to improve economies Gain access to raw materials to improve economies Rebuild European govts. To provide stability Rebuild European govts. To provide stability Reunite Germany, so they would be less bitter about defeat. Reunite Germany, so they would be less bitter about defeat. Encourage Communism as part of the worldwide struggle between workers and wealthy Encourage Communism as part of the worldwide struggle between workers and wealthy Transfer industrial equipment from Eastern Europe to Russia. Transfer industrial equipment from Eastern Europe to Russia. Control Eastern Europe Control Eastern Europe Keep Germany divided and weak. Keep Germany divided and weak.

14 Korean War


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