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Chapter 20 Sports Medicine

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1 Chapter 20 Sports Medicine
Health Care Science Technology Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

2 Objectives List the job duties of a sports medicine technician, athletic trainer, personal trainer, strength and conditioning specialist, sports physical therapist, and exercise physiologist. Identify settings where sports medicine professionals work. Chapter 20

3 Objectives (cont.) Compare the job duties of a personal trainer and a strength and conditioning specialist. Identify the situations when hot and cold modalities should or should not be used. Chapter 20

4 Objectives (cont.) List the uses of hot versus cold modalities.
Identify the components of proper physical fitness. Calculate a target heart rate. Successfully complete 2 sports medicine procedures. Chapter 20

5 Careers in Sports Medicine 20-1
Certified Athletic Trainer Certified Personal Trainer Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist Certified Exercise Physiologist Sports Physical Therapist Sports Medicine Technician Chapter 20

6 Certified Athletic Trainer (ATC)
Assess, evaluate, and provide treatment for acute sports injuries. Use a variety of modalities, including ice, heat, and ultrasound. Effective January 1, 2004, ATCs must graduate from an accredited athletic training program and pass a certification exam. Chapter 20

7 Certified Athletic Trainer (ATC) (cont.)
The 4 main job areas: Educational facilities. Outpatient sports medicine physical therapy clinics. Professional sports teams. Industrial/ergonomic settings and corporate wellness centers. Chapter 20

8 Certified Personal Trainer (CPT)
Sets up and monitors a client’s workout schedule and diet to help meet specific goals. Uses body mass index (BMI) to determine whether a client is overweight. Chapter 20

9 Certified Personal Trainer (CPT) (cont.)
Job Responsibilities May use aerobic or anaerobic exercises or a combination of both. Job duties encompass the following: Taking physical measurements of the client. Deciding what types of exercises would best serve the client. Knowing the proper form for each exercise. Recognizing adverse effects of an exercise. Knowing proper nutritional information and applying it to the client’s needs. Chapter 20

10 Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist (CSCS)
Must have a strong educational background in kinesiology or a related field. Certification requires passing a two-part multiple-choice test. Once certified, the CSCS must complete 6 continuing education units every 3 years. Usually employed by schools and professional sports teams. Chapter 20

11 Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist (CSCS) (cont.)
Job Responsibilities Make a physical assessment of the players. Put the athlete through a series of tests to determine any weakness in performance. Design a lifting, running, and conditioning program. Observe the athlete’s technique and make corrections as needed. Ensure proper eating habits are followed. Chapter 20

12 Exercise Physiologist
Explores the effects of exercise on the body. May work in a variety of settings, including hospitals, corporations, and the government. Chapter 20

13 Exercise Physiologist (cont.)
Job Responsibilities May perform stress testing to determine if a client has early indications of cardiac disease. A VO2 max test is often performed on athletes to gauge cardiovascular fitness. Chapter 20

14 Sports Physical Therapist
Diagnoses an injured athlete’s problem. May plan exercises and modalities to reach treatment goals. May also be certified as a CPT or CSCS. May hold exercise physiology degree. Chapter 20

15 Sports Physical Therapist (cont.)
Evaluates an injured athlete using SOAP, which is composed of four parts: Subjective, Objective, Assessment, and Plan. Treats the athlete’s deficit by decreasing the pain level, improving range of motion, increasing strength to a functional level, and improving agility, quickness, reaction time, speed, and proprioception. Chapter 20

16 Sports Medicine Technician
Aids therapists and trainers with basic job tasks. Usually receives on-the-job training from staff members. Chapter 20

17 Sports Medicine Technician (cont.)
Provides clerical support to the clinic. Prepares and cleans equipment. Assists clients into and out of whirlpools. Monitors clients as they perform exercises. Chapter 20

18 Section 20-1 Apply Your Knowledge
Which field studies the movement of the body? Answer: Kinesiology. Chapter 20

19 Sports Medicine Procedures 20-2
Heat Therapy Cold Therapy Additional Career Skills Chapter 20

20 Heat Therapy Dilates the blood vessels, known as vasodilatation.
Increases blood flow, which provides increased nutrients and speeds healing. Should not be used for acute injuries, numbness, an active infection, cancer, a bleeding wound, or blood clots. Chapter 20

21 Cold Therapy Should be avoided in the following situations:
Numbness. Compromised circulation in treatment area. Large treatment areas. Should be used to reduce swelling or to help decrease muscle spasms. Chapter 20

22 Additional Career Skills
Calculating Body Fat Percentages The three methods used are: Hydrostatic testing. Electrical impedance testing. Use of a body fat caliper. Chapter 20

23 Section 20-2 Apply Your Knowledge
List some situations when heat therapy should NOT be used. Answer: Heat should not be used for acute injuries, numbness, an active infection, cancer, a bleeding wound, or blood clots. Chapter 20

24 Procedures for Student Text
20A Applying a Hot Pack 20B Applying an Ice Pack Chapter 20

25 Additional Procedures in Lab Activity Manual
LM20-1 Using a Cold Whirlpool LM20-2 Calculating Body Fat Chapter 20

26 Chapter 20 Credits Slide 8 David Pollack/CORBIS
Slide 13 Custom Medical Stock Chapter 20

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