2 Powers given to the Judicial branch. Article ThreePowers given to the Judicial branch.BreyerAlitoThomasGinsbergChief Justice RobertsScaliaSouterKennedyStevens
3 Supreme Court Qualifications Made up of 9 Supreme Court Justices, and one of those is the Chief Justice (currently John Roberts).No age, citizenship, or residence requirement.However, you must be harshly questioned and interviewed by SenateRemember: they approve of Presidential appointments. This can be a very demeaning (Bork), but sometimes revealing event (Thomas, Miers).In 2005, 2 Justices were named by President Bush, a very rare occurrence. (also, the White Sox won the World Series this year)John Roberts, named Chief JusticeSamuel Alito
4 The High Court: SCOTUS (Supreme Court of the United States) The Supreme Court is the highest in the land… you cannot challenge its ruling.“The Court of Last Resort”Its job is to review and interpret how fair the laws of our Federal government and the 50 States are.It will hear appeals. If you don’t like a “lower court’s” ruling, you can take it here.The Court will only hear cases that deal with the Constitution or Federal law, or to set a precedent.Unconstitutional is when a law is either against something written in the Constitution, or when there is no basis in the Constitution for that law.Not just anybody can take its case here. Why?Usually hears only between cases per year.SCOTUS carefully selects the cases it will hear, then argue.
5 The Supreme Court Article 3, Section 1: The judicial power shall be vested in one supreme court, and in such inferior courts as Congress may… ordain and establish…This branch interprets and reviews the laws of the nation. This is called Judicial Review.Remember: Congress creates the courts and decides the number of judges.Supreme CourtFederal District CourtsThere are also a myriad of other Federal Courts for:TaxesInternational TradeArmed ForcesLand/Property Disputes)Also each state creates their own system of courts, but can be overruled by the Supreme Court.
6 APPELLATE JURISDICITION is the power of the Supreme Court to review decisions and change outcomes of decisions of lower courts
7 A PERSON ACCUSED OF A CRIME IS GUARANTEED THE RIGHT TO… A TRIAL BY JURY
8 treasonIF YOU LEVY WAR AGAINST US, ADHERE TO THE ENEMIES AND IN ANY WAY GIVE THEM AID OR COMFORT
9 THE JUDICAL BRANCHDECLARES LAWS AND ACTS UNCONSTITUTIONAL
13 THE JUDICIAL BRANCH CONSISTS OF… The judicial branch consists of the Supreme Court and the lower federal courts, including the Courts of Appeal (also known as Circuit Courts or Appellate Courts), federal district courts, bankruptcy courts, and courts of federal claims.The courts of the federal judiciary hear both civil and criminal cases appealed from state courts. Their original jurisdiction covers cases relating to patents, trademarks, claims against the federal government, bankruptcy, financial securities, maritime law, and international claims
14 THE FEDERAL COURT DOES NOT HEAR CASES INVOLOVING… CRIMINALCIVILEQUITYSTATUTORYOR COMMON LAW
15 SUPREME COURT HAS POWER TO DECLARE LAWS UNCONSTITUTIONAL