# Using Graphic Organizers How can we use them to differentiate?

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Using Graphic Organizers How can we use them to differentiate?

Frayer Model The Frayer Model is a graphical organizer used for word analysis and vocabulary building. This four-square model prompts students to think about and describe the meaning of a word or concept by... Defining the term, Describing its essential characteristics, Providing examples of the idea, and Offering non-examples of the idea.

Importance This strategy stresses understanding words within the larger context of a reading selection by requiring students, first, to analyze the items (definition and characteristics) and, second, to synthesize/apply this information by thinking of examples and non-examples.

Step One: In the first box, you will write the definition of the key word or concept word. Write the definition under the space labeled DEFINITION. Remember this is the definition, you, as the teacher, want students to remember. The definition I want my students to remember is "a solid made of atoms arranged in an ordered pattern." DEFINITION: CHARACTERISTICS: A solid made of atoms arranged in an ordered pattern. KEY WORD CRYSTALS EXAMPLES: NON EXAMPLES:

Second Step: In the second box, you will list the characteristics of the key word or concept word. Ask students if they can think of any characteristics of the key word. Some of the characteristics that I came up with for crystals include: glassy, clear or brightly colored, evenly shaped, patterned, or glimmer/sparkle. In the box labeled CHARACTERISTICS, I will list the characteristics. DEFINITION: CHARACTERISTICS A solid made of atoms glassy arranged in an ordered clear colored pattern brightly colored evenly shaped patterned glimmer or sparkle KEY WORD CRYSTALS EXAMPLES: NON EXAMPLES:

Step Three: In the third box, you will list examples of the key or concept word. Ask for student input at this point. Have students offer examples, and write their suggestions on the board or overhead. Some of the examples I came up with for crystals include: metals, rocks, snowflakes, salt, and sugar. In the box labeled examples, I will write the following examples. DEFINITION: CHARACTERISTICS: A solid made of atoms arranged glassy in an ordered pattern. Clear colored brightly colored evenly shaped patterned glimmer or sparkle KEY WORD CRYSTALS EXAMPLES: NON EXAMPLES: metals rocks snowflakes salt sugar

Step Four: In the fourth and final box, you will list non-examples of the key or concept word. It is important to include this section, so students will be able to distinguish between what the word is not. Ask for students input. Write their suggestions on the board or overhead. Some of the non-examples I used for Crystals include: coal, pepper, lava, and obsidian. DEFINITION: CHARACTERISTICS: A solid made of atoms arranged glassy in an ordered pattern. Clear colored brightly colored evenly shaped patterned glimmer or sparkle KEY WORD CRYSTALS EXAMPLES: NON EXAMPLES: metals coal rocks pepper snowflakes obsidian salt lava sugar

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