2 Main ideas Students should be able to understand: South is left in ruinsLincoln’s plan for Reconstruction differed from Radical and Moderate RepublicansThe Freedmen’s Bureau worked to keep the South’s people and economy “afloat.”
3 vocabulary Reconstruction Amnesty Radical Republicans Wade-Davis Bill Freedmen’s BureauBlack CodesCivil War Amendments
4 “desolated land” Economy in collapse Slave labor no more South in ruins“desolated land”Economy in collapseSlave labor no more
5 Lincoln’s plan Lincoln starts making plan for Reconstruction in ‘62 185818601861186318641865Lincoln starts making plan for Reconstruction in ‘62Moderate policyDon’t “punish” SouthProclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction – 1863 – Pardon those who took an oath of loyalty.If 10% of the voters took this oath = new state gov’t.
6 Radical republicans 3 Main Goals – Prevent Southern leaders from rising to power againRepublican Party to dominate southern politicsRight of African Americans to voteSouthern States would gain House seats (3/5th compromise)Need former slaves to vote RepublicanThe Wade-Davis bill (Moderate Republicans)Southern men were required to take an oath allegiance to UnionState Constitutions had to abolish slaveryConfederate officials and Military Officers cannot vote or hold officeLincoln blocked this with a “pocket veto’s”(let session of congress expire) it – too harsh - DOES NOT PASS
7 The freedmen’s bureau 1865 Refugee crisis develops Feed and clothe SouthUsed military rationsHelp former slavesget jobs on plantations“Forty acres and a mule”- former slaves should be given these to support themselves (didn’t happen)Promotes educationBuffalo soldiers – freedmen became soldiers in the Southwest.
8 Congress Flexes Muscle VP Andrew Johnson puts Lincoln’s plan into placeMany Southern leaders get pardons / gain officeSouthern states – BLACK CODES (similar to slavery)Limit African American rights (varied from state to state)Enraged many Northerners.Civil Rights Act of 1866 – citizenship to all born in US (except Native Americans) of course.14th Amendment – Civil Rights – Equality for all citizensJohnson impeached – remains in officeJohnson loses 1868 electionUS Grant elected15th Amendment passedRight to vote regardless of race