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The Metric System

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Length

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**Length is a measurement of distance.**

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**Length is measured using the tools:**

ruler meter stick tape measure

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**Length is measured in the basic unit: meter**

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Volume

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**Volume is the amount of space taken up, or occupied, by an object.**

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**The volume of a liquid can be measured easily by reading the meniscus.**

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**The meniscus is the curve at a liquids surface.**

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Liquid volume is measured using the tools: beakers, Erlenmeyer flasks, graduated cylinders, and pipettes

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**Liquid volume is measured in the basic unit: liter(L)**

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**The volume of a solid can be calculated by measuring the length, width and height of a solid object.**

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**The equation to calculate the solid volume is length X width X height**

V=LxWxH

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**Solid volume can be measured using the tools: a ruler, a meter stick, or a tape measure**

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**Solid volume is measured in the units cubic centimeters (cm3)**

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**To convert liquid to solid volume 1mL=1cm3**

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Mass

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**Mass is a measure of the amount of matter in an object**

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**Mass is always constant for an object, no matter where it is located in the universe.**

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**Mass can be measured using the tool: balance.**

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**Mass is measured in the units: grams(g)**

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Weight

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**Weight is a measure of the gravitational force on an object.**

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**Weight varies depending on where the object is in relation to the Earth.**

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**Weight can be measured using the tool: spring scale**

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**Weight is measured using**

the units: Newtons (N)

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Temperature

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**Temperature is a measurement of heat in a substance.**

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**Temperature can be measured using the tool: thermometer**

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**Temperature is measured using the units Celcius (C)**

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Prefixes for Metric System Units

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Killo=1000 Hecto=100 Deca=10 0=basic unit deci=1/10 centi=1/100 milli=1/1000

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**Definition tools units How to calculate Length volume Solid Liquid gas**

Definition tools units How to calculate Length volume Solid Liquid gas Mass weight temperature

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