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Restraints N.F. Pgs. 372 - 376. Definition of a restraint The use of major tranquilizers or physical means to prevent patients from harming themselves.

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Presentation on theme: "Restraints N.F. Pgs. 372 - 376. Definition of a restraint The use of major tranquilizers or physical means to prevent patients from harming themselves."— Presentation transcript:

1 Restraints N.F. Pgs

2 Definition of a restraint The use of major tranquilizers or physical means to prevent patients from harming themselves or others FDA says its a device used for medical purposes that limits a pts movements to the extent necessary for treatment, exam or protection of the pt

3 Restraint devices are… Wrist Ankle Vest Jacket or posey Or other strap to secure a pt in place such as a lap belt



6 Vest Restraints (Posey Vest)

7 Lap Belt

8 Elbow Restraints

9 Mitt Restraint

10 Mummy Restraint

11 Application of restraint Restraints should be fitted properly They should be applied in the manner that they WILL not cause accidental injury or harm to the pt such as strangling or smothering if pt slips down in the bed, wheelchair or chair

12 Why Limit Restraint Use? Its the law –JCAHO –Federal Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (long term care only) –State and Local Standards It causes confusion and agitation It limits mobility and thus health Cause Injury

13 Negative effects of restraint use… Increases confusion Constipation Incontinence Pressure sores d/t non-movement Decreased inability to perform ADLs or ROM

14 Assessment of patient A full assessment of pt is a MUST Determine pts state of mind such as confusion, delirium, depression Is pt dizzy upon standing alone, is assistance required Assess pt for need of restraint…does pt have tubes he/she is trying to pull out, is pt trying to escape the facility

15 Restraint protocol Each facility has a restraint protocol, must become familiar with your institution JCAHO approves each facilities protocol FOLLOW IT or write up on your part will occur

16 Medical order You must follow your institutions protocol however, A nurse must notify a physician of the need for restraints. The physician has the ultimate say in whether a restraint will be used. Nurse cannot just apply the restraint

17 The order… Must specify the type of restraint Must state the reason why the restraint is needed Must state the criteria for removal of it Must state the length of time the restraint is to remain on THE ORDER MUST BE RENEWED q 24HRS AFTER THE DR. PHYSICALLY EXAMINES THE PT

18 How to prepare to use restraints… Assessment of pt and their needs Assessment of their skin, bony prominences that will be effected. If so, padding the restraint will be required Permission from patient or pts guardian prior to the use of restraints is necessary Attempt to explain the restraint to the pt

19 Monitoring and documentation Your facility will have paperwork designed to record restraint use, USE IT, its a legal record Nurse must assess and record the effects of restraints on: Pt behavior Neurovascular effects distal to the site of the restraint EVERY 30 – 60 MINUTES

20 Where to tie the restraint? To the MOVEABLE part of the bed If you tie it to the non-moveable part, it may injure the patient.

21 Removing the restraint The nurse must remove (one at a time) each restraint EVERY 2 hours to assess: Skin and circulation Perform ROM Evaluate the continued need for the restraint

22 Restraint Alternative Are protective or adaptive devices that promotes pt safety and postural support but which can be released independently by the pt

23 Types of restraint alternatives… 1) Electronic bed and seat monitors that alarm when the pt gets up 2) Seat inserts 3) Gripping materials that prevent slipping 4) Support pillows 5) Seat belt or harness with front-releasing velcro 6) Tilt wedges 7) Companion at bedside to help protect and remind pt


25 Documentation: Initial act - Alternatives tried - Results (This Supports the use of the restraints if they are applied) Pt Confused, Rt side is flaccid, pt pulls on PEG tube with left hand, light protective covering to peg site with 4X4s, use of activity blanket encouraged pt remains confused and becoming agitated. back rub given, pt repositioned to L. sims position.

26 Documentation After application of restraints: Reason for restraining-assessment of pt status (especially R/T restraint type)-Results 1100-PEG tube site is swollen and red. Sm. amt. of red drainage noted at site. Pt. conts to pull at tube. Dr. notified as well as pts guardian, Left Wrist restraint applied. Skin on L. Wrist is intact, warm and pink, cap refill is < 3 secs. Call bell in reach. PN will reassess pt again in 30 minutes

27 1130 – pt resting comfortably, extremities warm and pink with + pulses

28 Follow Up charting-Condition of Pt R/T restraint- If restraining is continuing 1230-released l. wrist restraint, area remains intact and warm, assisted pt to BR, ROM done to Wrist, continues to pull PEG tube, restraint reapplied

29 What to do if incident occurs Check ABCs Call for help from staff Assist pt Notify M.D. Write incident report Nursing documentation

30 Restraint

31 Restraint-Error

32 When to check on a patient? Every 1 hour Remove restraint and offer food, drink, B.R. NCLEX wants you to be aware of neurovascular checks and condition of skin Safety must come first

33 Orders A new restraint order must be given by the Dr. EVERY 24 hours

34 The End

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