Presentation on theme: "Maurya & Gupta India Kerry Giordano Thurgood Marshall Fundamental Middle School Adapted from Ms. Susan M. Pojer Chappaqua, NY."— Presentation transcript:
1Maurya&GuptaIndiaKerry Giordano Thurgood Marshall Fundamental Middle SchoolAdapted from Ms. Susan M. Pojer Chappaqua, NY
2Chandragupta: 321 BCE-298 BCE Unified northern India – 1 milsquare milesDefeated the Persian general Seleucus -uses 700,000soldiers/9000 elephantsDivided his empire into provinces, then districts for tax assessments and law enforcement.He feared assassination [like Saddam Hussein] food tasters, slept in different rooms, etc.301 BCE gave up his throne & became a Jain – an ascetic
3Chandragupta: 321 BCE-298 BCE Accomplishments:* wrote laws* protected water supply* roads – 1000 miles long
5Asoka (304 – 232 BCE)Religious conversion after the gruesome battle of Kalinga in BCE - buddhistDedicated his life to Buddhism.Built extensive roads.Sends Mahinda (son) to spread Buddhism – Ceylon (Sri Lanka)Allows slavery/execution –conflict with religion!
6Asoka (304 – 232 BCE) Asoka edicts Buddhist Values – love, lack of wordly possesionsGeneral Welfare – shelter, health, clean water, foodJustice – fair lawsSecurity – peace and conquest of enemies
7Asoka’s law codeEdicts scattered in more than 30 places in India, Nepal, Pakistan, & Afghanistan.Written mostly in Sanskrit, but one was in Greek and Aramaic.10 rock edicts.Each pillar [stupa] is 40’-50’ high.Buddhist principles dominate his laws.