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The Anatomy of a Cell. From the Outside In… Cell Wall rigid structure located on the outside of the cell Function: Support and Protection Found: Plants,

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Presentation on theme: "The Anatomy of a Cell. From the Outside In… Cell Wall rigid structure located on the outside of the cell Function: Support and Protection Found: Plants,"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Anatomy of a Cell

2 From the Outside In… Cell Wall rigid structure located on the outside of the cell Function: Support and Protection Found: Plants, Fungi, Bacteria, some Protists Cell Membrane Flexible membrane between the cell and its environment Function: allow nutrients to enter and leave the cell

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4 Nulceus controls the activities of organelles (surrounded by Nulcear Envelope) Nucleolus produces ribosomes Ribosomes produces proteins accoring to directions of DNA Cytoplasm clear, gelatinous fluid inside a cell

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6 Endoplasmic Reticulum Sites of chemical reactions (SER and RER) Golgi Apparatus flattened stack of tubular membranes that sorts proteins into packages and packs them to be sent to the appropriate destination Vacuoles storage area for food, enzymes, and other materials

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8 Lysosomes digests excess or worn out organelles, food particles, and engulfed viruses or bacteria SUICIDE SAC Chloroplasts capture light energy and convert it to chemical energy Mitochondria transform energy for the cell POWER HOUSE

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10 Microtubule thin, hollow cylinders made of protein Microfilaments smaller, solid protein fibers *together they shape, anchor, and support many organelles *provide a system through which materials move Centrioles play an important role in cell division

11 Cilia short, numerous projections that look like hairs Flagella longer projections that move in a whip-like motion **Aid in the locomotion of the cell or in feeding


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