2Anticipation ?’s 1. Why would a tourist want to visit this region? 2. What kind of resources are there in the northeast region?3. What is the region’s most important resource?4. What is a megalopolis?5. What states are included in this region?
3Northeast Midwest West South For purpose of collecting statistics, the government divides the US into 4 major regions – Northeast, South, Midwest & West.Regions are based on physical, economic, cultural, & historical factors.
5At A GlanceUnique combination of precipitation, type of soil, and variety of trees give New England its beautyTourists often visit coast of Maine, New York’s Niagara Falls, and farmlands of PennsylvaniaNew York, Boston and Philadelphia add culture and history
6Natural Resources Has few natural resources Thin, rocky soils and steep hills create challenges for farmersNorthern reaches of Appalachian Mountains make parts of the Northeast ruggedCoal-rich area of PennsylvaniaOne resource has turned region into center of trade, commerce and industry - water
7Water Water is the region’s most important resource Northern Atlantic Ocean has yielded large and abundant harvests of fishArea has excellent harbors1700s-1800s – helped region grow into major commercial center
9Leader in IndustryAbundant precipitation (40-60 in.) annually combined with hilly terrain gives rivers swift flowIndustrialists harnessed this power with water wheels to convert water power to machine power1800s – may factories built along rivers producing shoes, cotton cloth, and several other goodsRiver valleys served as trade routes, railroad routes, and later, highway routes
10The MegalopolisCities along coast grew in importance as harbors of trade and centers of shipbuildingBy mid-1800s, European immigrants were flowing into the areaOver time coastal cities began to spread and run togetherBy 1960s, area from Boston to Washington, D.C. earned a new name – megalopolisOver 42 million people live in this megalopolis
11Problems of Megalopolis Concerns of water supply and facilities of waste disposalAlso suffering decline in population from – Philadelphia shrunk by 364,000Less population means less money for things such as street repairs, police protection, and garbage collection
12OverviewThe Northeast’s water bodies have been valuable resources throughout historyNortheast was one of the early sites of industryNortheast has become one of the most highly urbanized and densely populated regions of the world