Presentation on theme: "THE ANKLE CHAPTER 18 The Ankle and Lower Leg. Introduction Have you ever sprained your ankle, or do you know anyone who has? What did you do for it? How."— Presentation transcript:
Grading Scales for Sprained Ankles GRADE I GRADE II GRADE III Most common ankle sprain. Mild pain, still weight baring. More painful, report popping sound. Can not bear weight. Stretching of lateral ligaments of the ankle. Extreme pain. Usually complete tear of one of the ankle ligaments. Sometimes fracture occurs also.
Rehab/Treatment Plan for Sprained Ankles RICE Modalities Exercises
RICE Rest- stay off the Ankle, crutches may be needed Ice- 15 minutes a 4 to 5 times a day Compression - ace wrap with horseshoe keeps the swelling down Elevation - keep ankle above heart level when possible, allows gravity to pump out swelling
Goals of RICE Limit Swelling Reduce pain Return to sport/activity quicker
Modalities Used COLD WHIRLPOOL- 15 minutes a couple times a day Vasoconstrictors vessels around ankle Stimulates pain killing receptors Slows cell metabolism Aids in reducing swelling
Modalities Used HIGH VOLTAGE- Assists in activating pain killing receptors. Assists in muscle stimulation around ankle joint to aid in edema removal. ULTRASOUND- Assists in edema removal. Assists in bringing digestive enzymes to clean debris cells of the injured ankle.
Rehab Exercises Range of Motion ABCs One leg Stands BAPS Board Towel Curls Toe Pickups Toe Rises Theraband
Taping Vs. Wrapping TAPING- Psychologically better feeling to the athlete Tight fitting at first Tape looses a large percentage of its support within the first 15-20 minutes of competition
Taping Vs. Wrapping WRAPPING- Purpose in wrapping is injury prevention. Wrapping will not eliminate sprained ankle, but it does minimize the severity of the sprain.
Ankle Braces ANKLE BRACES- Many varieties and types. Lace Up Hinged Air Casts All offer different levels of support. Large and competitive business market for ankle braces.