Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Lyme Disease Tracking & Prevention Virginia Department of Health.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Lyme Disease Tracking & Prevention Virginia Department of Health."— Presentation transcript:

1 Lyme Disease Tracking & Prevention Virginia Department of Health

2 What is Lyme Disease? 3 Stages of Infection Early Localized Infection (3-30 days) Bulls-eye rash, muscle or joint aches, fever, headache Early Disseminated Infection (1- 4 months) Severe headaches, pain, neurological symptoms Late Disseminated Infection (3 months to years) Severe arthritis and swelling of large joints, pain, neurological and cognitive disorders A Tick-borne bacterial disease

3 Lone Star TickAmerican Dog TickBlacklegged Tick Common Virginia Ticks

4 Blacklegged Ticks Inch (fractions) 1/16

5 Lyme Disease Transmission – Two Year Cycle


7 Role of the Virginia Department of Health Preventing disease through education Tracking Monitoring the annual number and geographic distribution of newly identified Lyme disease cases in VA

8 Tracking Lyme disease 1.Reporting cases to local health departments by healthcare providers. 2. Reporting positive test results to VDH by private laboratories. 3. Use of the CDCs Lyme disease case definition to identify new cases. 4. Entering identified cases in a database.

9 State Reporting Requirements for Lyme Disease Virginias state regulations require that healthcare providers report Lyme disease cases to the local health department (Virginia Administrative Code, 12VAC ) Contact information for local health departments can be found at: Contact information for local health departments can be found at:

10 Lyme Disease Case Reporting Lyme-associated symptoms including erythema migrans (EM) rash (a.k.a., bulls eye rash) if present Necessary laboratory results : VDH uses the CDCs Lyme Disease Surveillance Case Definition which requires: Positive or equivocal results from ELISA (or IFA) serology as well as positive Western Blot IgM serology if the blood was drawn within 30 days of onset, or Positive Western Blot IgG serology, if blood was drawn more than 30 days after onset Necessary case information: Date of onset Complete laboratory testing results

11 Lyme Disease Cases in Virginia, Year Lyme Disease Cases per 100,000 Population

12 Newly Identified Lyme Disease Cases by County 0.1 to 4.95 to to to to Confirmed and Probable cases per 100,000 population

13 Lyme Disease Prevention 1. Avoid tick habitats 2. Dress appropriately 3. Use repellents 4. Do tick checks 5. Remove ticks 6. Know the early signs of Lyme disease

14 1. Avoid Tick Habitats

15 2. Dress Appropriately Light colors Tucked and buttoned Prompt clothing removal Launder

16 3. Use Insect Repellents

17 4. Do a Tick Check

18 Use pointed tweezers to grasp the tick by the head; do not squeeze its body! Pull slowly and steadily until the tick releases; do not jerk or twist the tick. 5. Remove Ticks Promptly

19 6. Learn the Early Signs of Lyme Bulls Eye rash Fatigue Fever Joint or muscle aches Headache Swollen glands

20 Other Tick-borne Diseases Ehrlichiosis/Anaplasmosis (tick must be attached 24 hrs) Babesiosis (tick must be attached for 36 hrs) Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (tick must be attached only 4-6 hrs)

21 Virginia Department of Health For More Information… U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Vectorborne/TickBrochure.pdf

22 Acknowledgements David Gaines, Ph.D., Public Health Entomologist, Virginia Department of Health Division of Environmental Epidemiology, VDH U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC Public Health Images Library American Lyme Disease Foundation Google Images We invite you to complete the following survey:

Download ppt "Lyme Disease Tracking & Prevention Virginia Department of Health."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google