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23 February 2010 1. Please take out your notes and a pencil 2. Wait quietly.

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Presentation on theme: "23 February 2010 1. Please take out your notes and a pencil 2. Wait quietly."— Presentation transcript:

1 23 February 2010 1. Please take out your notes and a pencil 2. Wait quietly


3 Ancient China 2000 B.C.- 220 A.D. The Xia Period to the Han Dynasty




7 Xia Legendary Period 2000 B.C. to 1700 B.C. We know about this period through stories Superheroes taught people how to: 1. Find food 2. Make clothing 3. Build shelter 4. Control flooding 5. Grow crops


9 Shang Dynasty The First Dynasty in China 1760 B.C. – 1500 B.C. Huang River Valley Farming was the way of life Grew: grains, millet, rice Raised animals

10 Huang (Yellow) River

11 Shang (continued) Bronze developed Melting together copper and tin Oracle Bones used to predict the future First written records in China

12 Smelting Bronze

13 Oracle Bone Wrote questions Heated with fire Cracks gave answers

14 Zhou Dynasties Zhou defeated the Shang in 1027 B.C. This period lasted more than 800 years 2 Dynasties: 1. Western Zhou Dynasty 2. Eastern Zhou Dynasty

15 Western Zhou Dynasty Capital city: Hao Most people were farmers Grew wheat, rice, beans, and fruit Women harvested crops and made silk

16 Eastern Zhou Dynasty 770 B.C. – 221 B.C. Capital city: Luoyang (in eastern China) Referred to as the Golden Age


18 Eastern Zhou Advancements New system of money Flood control, irrigation, canal building Built walls to protect villages from nomadic raiders Begin to use IRON to make weapons and tools

19 Other Changes (Eastern Zhou) Kings power weakened due to constant warfare Traditions challenged, new ideas emerged More people became scholars, teachers, and government officials

20 Nomadic raiders Nomadic Raiders

21 Qin Shi Huangdi

22 Qin Dynasty 221 B.C. – 206 B.C. Civil war took place at the end of the Zhou Dynasty The Qin state won Qin Shi Huangdi became Chinas first emperor Divided into 36 provinces

23 Shi Huangdi built the Great Wall to protect against northern invaders


25 Qin Dynasty Advancements Centralized the government The Great Wall was built Standardized systems: 1. Money 2. Weights 3. Measures

26 End of the Qin Dynasty Peasants revolted against the rule of Shi Huangdi

27 Han Dynasty 206 B.C. – 220 A.D. First Ruler: Han Gaozu

28 Han Gaozu 1 st ruler of the Han Dynasty Peasant leader in the revolt against Shi Huangdi Ended the ban on books imposed by the Qin Dynasty

29 Wu Di Han Emperor 141 B.C. – 87 B.C. Made many changes: 1. Took land from nobles, divided it, and gave it to commoners 2. Took power away from people who challenged him

30 Wu Di (changes) 3. Taxed imports and exports 4. Built new roads to increase trade 5. Supported education and the arts 6. Encouraged accurate historical accounts to be written 7. Civil Service jobs given due to skill, not family position

31 Han Dynasty Inventions Middleman Porcelain Paper and Ink The Silk Road

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