Presentation on theme: "Minnesota Department of Corrections 1 Interview Like a Pro: How to improve your odds of getting the job you want Lisa Cornelius Charles Dively."— Presentation transcript:
Minnesota Department of Corrections 1 Interview Like a Pro: How to improve your odds of getting the job you want Lisa Cornelius Charles Dively
Minnesota Department of Corrections 2 Agenda Purpose of the interview What interviewers are seeking Types of interviews Preparing for the interview During the interview After the interview
Minnesota Department of Corrections 3 Purpose of the Interview A way for both the employer and the candidate to have an opportunity to exchange information to determine whether the person has the knowledge, skills and ability to perform the functions of the job
Minnesota Department of Corrections 4 Interviewer Concerns Content Skills: Does candidate have skills necessary to perform job in this field (i.e., management, programming, word processing) Transferable Skills: Does candidate have skills necessary for handling work: managing, operating, coordination, communicating, etc… Adaptive Skills: Does candidate have the personality and temperament for this job? Can she/he self-manage (assertiveness, honesty, open-mindedness, flexibility, adaptability, tolerance)
Minnesota Department of Corrections 5 Types of Interviews & Interview Questions Behavioral Case interviews Industry-specific Open ended questions/self-evaluative questions On site, telephone, videoconference
Minnesota Department of Corrections 6 Behavioral Interviews Behavioral interviewing is based on the principle that the best indicator of your future performance is your past performance: Tell me about a time that you had to find a creative solution to a problem Tell me about a time your work was criticized
Minnesota Department of Corrections 7 Case Interviews A case interview is the analysis of a specific problem or question Demonstrates your ability to work through cases similar to those you might face Each case typically lasts between five and ten minutes Often scenario-based problem-solving activities designed to discover competencies
Minnesota Department of Corrections 8 Open-Ended Questions and Self-Evaluative Questions Questions will be open-ended: You control the content Provide examples/substantiate How you answer can be revealing Tell me about yourself Used frequently at the beginning of interview What kind of manager are you? How good are your analytical skills?
Minnesota Department of Corrections 9 How Would You Questions These questions are used to demonstrate you have done the job or you have a very good idea how to approach the work Think about the job before hand Identify the 5-10 most critical elements or work activities (interview a job holder if necessary) Prepare your answer How would you create a work schedule for 50 people? How would you ensure that vacation schedules are fair and allow for adequate coverage? How would you cut the budget by 5%?
Minnesota Department of Corrections 10 BEFORE THE INTERVIEW PRACTICE, PRACTICE, PRACTICE!!! Know thyself Research the employer, job, function, etc. Get a copy of the position description Find out who is on the interview panel Prepare questions for interviewer Prepare references Logistics (time, date, location…)
Minnesota Department of Corrections 11 Before the Interview You should a. Make an accomplishment log b. Research the unit you are interviewing c. Write questions you want to ask the interviewer d. Check out Mapquest and the DOT road construction site e. All of the above
Minnesota Department of Corrections 12 Prepare: Know Thyself You must PREPARE yourself to talk about your skills and capabilities intelligently and persuasively Successful candidates know how to showcase their … experience and how it relates to the specific job on their resume and in the interview to demonstrate to employers that they have a strong work ethic, for example, or the necessary teamwork skills. It can set them apart from their competition
Minnesota Department of Corrections 13 Prepare: Know Thyself Know your resume! Be able to articulately discuss every item on the resume Be prepared to provide more detail about any item on the resume Make sure your resume is up to date. More than 1 page is okay, 10 pages is not!
Minnesota Department of Corrections 14 Prepare: Make an Accomplishment Log SKILLS Ability to work together as a team member Ability to analyze data Ability to act independently Specialized skills ACCOMPLISHMENTS I am frequently requested to be team member due to my ability to facilitate discussions and resolve conflicts. A few projects I worked on include: Make a list for yourself
Minnesota Department of Corrections 15 Prepare: Practice Write out answers Practice out loud Schedule mock interview Tape record yourself Practice with friends
Minnesota Department of Corrections 16 Prepare: References Line up your references several weeks prior to interviews Take a list of references and contact information with you, in case interviewer asks for them Better still have reference letters with you Make absolutely certain the reference KNOWS youve given his/her name
Minnesota Department of Corrections 17 Preparation: Logistics The day before the interview Review where the interview will be held Check Mapquest to see how long it takes you to get there Check the MNDOT website to check for road construction and delays Allow an extra 20 minutes to get to your destination
Minnesota Department of Corrections 18 Relax: A Three Step Process for Stress Reduction Dr. Joyce Brown, a noted psychologist suggest people usesquare breathing to relax Breathe in for 3 seconds, hold for 3 seconds exhale for 3 seconds, repeat Do this before the interview starts
Minnesota Department of Corrections 19 Attire and Appearance First impressions count! Well groomed, showered, hair in-control Suit, conservative colors, well-fitting, comfortable, pressed, clean No strong perfume/cologne, no flashy jewelry, etc…
Minnesota Department of Corrections 20 Prepare: Questions to Ask Interviewing is reciprocal Prepare educated questions that are: Genuine and honest Not too pushy Do not ask questions about salary, personal issues, or uninformed questions Instead, ask about the challenges facing the manager and determine how you can contribute Instead, ask about the challenges facing the manager and determine how you can contribute
Minnesota Department of Corrections 21 Questions to Avoid in the First Interview? What are the hours? How much does it pay? Are you flexible on the hours?
Minnesota Department of Corrections 22 Interview Dos Arrive early/on time Bring copies of resume Bring pen/paper Wear something professional Be enthusiastic - Match your energy level to the interviewers Listen carefully Take a few moments to think about your response Get interviewers business card Maintain good eye contact
Minnesota Department of Corrections 23 Interview Donts Dont chew gum or suck on candy Dont make up answers to questions you dont know or understand. Dont badmouth current or former supervisors Dont fidget (watch nervous habits) Watch Ummms Dont be late!
Minnesota Department of Corrections 24 Be on Time Arrive about 10 minutes before interview Being late is a HUGE red flag Dont be TOO early – might inconvenience the interviewer If too early prepare for interview
Minnesota Department of Corrections 25 What to Expect Introductions and handshake Written questions read to you Interviewer may provide brief overview of position or unit You respond to questions (if it is a good interview, this is the longest part) Most interviews last minutes You ask questions of the interviewer Interviewer closes the interview and gives you information about next steps - tells you when a decision will be made Thank the interviewer for his/her time
Minnesota Department of Corrections 26 PAR or STAR Technique Use this method to frame your response in an organized manner Problem (Situation/Task) Action Result
Minnesota Department of Corrections 27 PAR Example Tell me about a time you were on a team and a member wasnt contributing? (P) I was assigned to work on a project with a team of 5 others. One our our team members wasnt completing his assignments. (A) I finally met with him in private, and asked if there was anything I could do to help. He told me he was preoccupied with a personal problem, so I referred him to his supervisor or HR, or EAP. (R) He not only was able to spend more time on our project, but he was also grateful to me for helping him out. We finished the project on time.
Minnesota Department of Corrections 28 Strategies for Specific Questions Run me through your resume Start with college and work forward, outlining your employment history, graduate studies, key accomplishments and transitions Should take no more than 2-4 minutes Be prepared to answer more in depth if asked Highlight the activities and prior positions most applicable to the job in question and relevant skills
Minnesota Department of Corrections 29 Why are you interested in this job? Hopefully youve done your homework The interviewer wants to know why you are interested in their business versus anyplace else Go beyond the superficial (reputation, industry leader) and demonstrate youre a good candidate (emphasize your skills and interests and how they relate specifically to this person or group) Show you know a lot about the employer and the job
Minnesota Department of Corrections 30 Where would you like to be in five years? Usually asked to determine whether you plan to stick with the organization Describe new experiences you'd like to add in the future building on the job for which you are applying Avoid mentioning specific job titles My interest is to grow with [THAT UNIT]
Minnesota Department of Corrections 31 Sell Yourself Market your brand (Your strengths) Make sure the interviewers understand what you have to offer Keep in mind which key points you want to convey and make sure that information gets emphasized
Minnesota Department of Corrections 32 Listen to the Employer Listen to the interviewer and make sure you understand his/her questions – ask them to repeat if necessary Practice active listening skills (acknowledge, pay attention, make eye contact, etc…) Dont be defensive when asked tough questions
Minnesota Department of Corrections 33 AFTER THE INTERVIEW Evaluate/take notes Send a thank you letter/ Follow-up Dont be slow - do it immediately
Minnesota Department of Corrections 34 Evaluate Take a few moments to evaluate your performance Write down the questions you were asked Consider where you need improvement
Minnesota Department of Corrections 35 Thank You Note Thank interviewer once again for his/her time Restate your interest in the position Mention any facts you may have omitted On white paper no pastels, no flowers or puppies
Minnesota Department of Corrections 36 Follow-Up If it is after the time when the interviewer indicated he/she would follow up: Call or to inquire as to status of job Reiterate interest
Minnesota Department of Corrections 37 IMPORTANT REMINDER If you do not TALK about your experience DURING the interview, the interviewer cannot score your work experience. No matter how qualified you are! 10
Minnesota Department of Corrections 38 5 Biggest Mistakes 1. Not being prepared before the interview. Not enough practice! 2. Stressing out so your strengths cant shine through 3. Not answering the questions thoroughly enough to articulate your knowledge, skills and abilities that 4. Not asking questions to show you really want that job! 5. Not following up after the interview
Minnesota Department of Corrections 39 Question The biggest mistake that people make in an interview a. Not dressing appropriately b. Arriving late for the interview c. Not answering the question completely
Minnesota Department of Corrections 40 QUESTIONS??