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Subprime Lending: Quantifying the Texas Market Prime, Subprime, and Manufactured Home Lender Shares of Total Loan Applications in California, Florida,

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Presentation on theme: "Subprime Lending: Quantifying the Texas Market Prime, Subprime, and Manufactured Home Lender Shares of Total Loan Applications in California, Florida,"— Presentation transcript:

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2 Subprime Lending: Quantifying the Texas Market Prime, Subprime, and Manufactured Home Lender Shares of Total Loan Applications in California, Florida, New York, and Texas,

3 Subprime Lending: Quantifying the Texas Market

4 Census DataCameronEl PasoHidalgoWebbTexas Housing units, ,674232,142207,59759,4268,502,060 Home ownership rate, %63.60%73.10%65.70%63.80% Median value owner occupied housing unit, 2000$53,000$69,600$52,400$74,600$82,500 Median household income, 1999$26,155$31,051$24,863$28,100$39,927 Housing starts, 20023,9173,7107,4771,805165,027 Units not mortgaged35.80% Median monthly costs of units with a mortgage, 2000$757$798$765$899$986 Data from Experian Debt (avg non-mtg debt) Credit usage (avg use of cred limit) Late payments (# accts past due at least 1 pmt) Credit inquiries (# cred rpt requested by lenders within last 2 yrs)

5 Education: Predicting the future Source: Steve H. Murdock, Texas State Data Center

6 Credit Scoring: Texas and the Nation

7 Information Asymmetry: Effects of Life Disruptions and Education at the Point of Need

8 Information Asymmetry: Importance of Understanding the Transaction Subprime mortgage loans contain complex pricing structures and terms that are difficult for even the most financially astute borrowers to fully understand. As products become more complex, the imbalance of knowledge, or asymmetry of information, between well-informed lenders and brokers and less well-informed buyers and borrowers widens and the potential for abuse increases. Key Concerns from consultative session Low-Income Families and Asset Building on the US Mexico Border by the Latino Financial Issues Program supported by the LBJ School of Public Affairs and Annie B. Casey Foundation target: Bicultural and bilingual content in outreach programs Building trust among the various stakeholders in remedying the lack of financial planning knowledge and consumer behavior strategies among low-income Latino families Exposing low-income Latino families to governmental officials and agents to minimize the degree of authority intimidation and to humanize the bureaucratic process Designing financial services programs and outreach efforts to promote a community based ownership perspective; this implies that residents must experience self-empowerment and ownership when participating in financial planning and consumer behavior strategy programs Inclusive participation of residents in programs and minimizing the degree of autocratic interaction with governmental agencies and officials

9 Information Asymmetry: Focused Education is Effective Education Office of Consumer Credit Commissioner involvement: The agencys mission includes a charge to educate consumers and creditors, thereby producing a fair, lawful, and healthy credit environment for social and economic prosperity in Texas The agencys education program has two primary goals: Equipping consumers with the necessary knowledge to use credit wisely Educating industry so that its members are better informed of their responsibilities under the law Consumer education focuses on four primary populations: The elderly Low-income groups Students It has been reported that college students receive 25 credit offers each semester College administrators claim to lose more students to credit card debt than academic failure Recent Immigrants OCCC uses multiple methods to reach its target populations. These delivery mechanisms include: The agencys Web site Media outreach Participation in school classrooms, events, and school-sponsored functions Direct outreach at events sponsored by groups with links to the targeted populations Publications designed to address specific areas of concern or to connect with specific populations

10 Information Asymmetry: Focused Education is Effective Education Development of model plain language contracts: The agency has developed model plain language contracts in English and Spansih for its licensees to use. The legalese in contracts has been replaced by consumer-friendly words and phrases. A before-and-after comparison of a traditional and plain language contract yields some impressive numbers. For example, the plain language version of the sample sentence has 40% fewer words and scores fourteen times better on the Flesch-Kincaid readability test. These model plain language contracts are currently only required of licensed lenders. It is possible the Legislature could take action to encourage use in the broader mortgage market. Education philosophy: Education is most effective when provided relevant to an immediate need. For example, mortgage education will be most effective when provided to consumers just prior to their purchase of a home. Office of Consumer Credit Commissioner involvement (continued)

11 Financial Literacy Education: Garnering Attention Ace Cash Express recently distributed book covers containing financial literacy information to over 800,000 Texas school children. OCCC and Ace Cash Express worked together to develop the financial literacy content.

12 Financial Literacy Education: Garnering Attention Ace Cash Express recently distributed book covers containing financial literacy information to over 800,000 Texas school children. OCCC and Ace Cash Express worked together to develop the financial literacy content. Recently, Citigroup and the Citigroup Foundation announced a 10-year, $200 Million global financial education commitment, the formation of a new Office of Financial Education and a global initiative designed to encourage all 275,000 employees to devote time to support financial education and other charitable causes. Under the new initiative, employees may take a day off from work to volunteer. The Texas Alliance of the Boys and Girls Club will partner with Citigroup in North Texas, Houston and San Antonio to provide Financial Education Curriculum programs in 44 Clubs for one year. Using Citigroups curriculum, staff will be trained by Citigroup volunteers. More than 4,000 youth from 3rd through 12th grades will be taught in these clubs with assistance from employee volunteers. Household Financial Corporation made financial contributions to Vecinos Unidos, a Texas non-profit corporation created by the residents of West Dallas to develop affordable housing in inner city neighborhoods within the City of Dallas. In addition, working with organizations around the state, Household plans 9 Consumer Education workshops in Texas. The Texas Financial Services Association reports that teachers in 38 states have registered to use MoneySKILL, a free, online personal finance curriculum from the American Financial Services Association Education Foundation (AFSAEF) thats aimed at the millions of high school students who graduate each year without an understanding of credit cards, budgeting, insurance or other money management fundamentals.

13 Debt Management and Credit Counseling Industry: A Few Facts Nationally, Americans owe almost $2 trillion in consumer debt, $728 billion of which involves credit cards or other revolving accounts The number of bankruptcies has nearly doubled in the past ten years as has consumer debt, which now stands at record levels Only ten years ago, there were about 200 credit counseling organizations throughout the country; by 2002, there were more than 1,000 Nearly all credit counseling organizations maintain some kind of nonprofit status Between 2000 and 2003, 810 consumer credit organizations applied to the IRS for tax-exempt status under Section 501(c)(3) Debt consolidation is one of the nations fastest growingthough still largely unregulatedindustries An estimated 9 million Americans have some kind of contact with a credit counseling agency each year

14 Financial Literacy: Strategies to Address Predatory Lending Recommendations: An expanded public sector role could be helpful in increasing financial literacy, disclosure and reporting requirements, as well as generally assisting consumers to better understand their options. Because loan pricing is not transparent and the market is heterogeneous, it is easy for consumers to become confused. Expand regulatory oversight powers and enforcement of riskier lending pools. Industry development of more standardized procedures and products that more efficiently and fairly assess and allocate credit. Public/Private Partnership Pilot Program: A border city could be selected for the initiation of a pilot project where resources from both the public and private sector could be harnessed to develop and launch an education effort relevant to the needs of the community. Should the effort show demonstrable results at reaching community members with relevant education material, the program could then be expanded to meet the needs of other areas in the state.

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