Identify the different types of government and how they are different.
Essential Question How do we define the different types of governments?
Essential Question Governments can be categorized as monarchies, theocracies, dictatorships or democracies, but categories may overlap.
FOLDABLE Democracy Dictatorship Monarchy Theocracy Explanation, Picture, and Example for each
leaders are usually elected by the people Citizens who are eligible to vote have a say in how the government works. Democracy
Parliamentary Democracy elected Parliament Parliament: an elected group of people that makes laws; often, power is shared among several political parties Federal Republic allows shared power among national and local authorities Types of Democracy
Republic a country that has no monarch The head of the country is usually an elected president.
oldest form of government leader is determined through family lines leader is in this position for life Often, a monarchy will include a dynasty, a powerful group or family that maintains its power and position over many generations Monarchy
Constitutional Monarchy monarch as head of state--one who represents the people as a traditional symbol of the country AND elected officials as head of government--those who make laws and official decisions for the country Combination Governments: Democracy + Monarchy
a single leader has absolute control and unrestricted power opposite of a democracy leader may use force to control the population Dictatorship
Communism the government owns all property and dominates all aspects of life in a country historically involved the violent overthrow of capitalism (when businesses are owned by individuals instead of the government) Often take away human rights Common Type of Dictatorship/Autocracy
Capitalist free-market country people can own their own businesses and property People can also buy services for private use, such as healthcare. provide their own education, health and welfare services
Communist the government owns property such as businesses and farms provides its people's healthcare, education and welfare
the people are ruled by a powerful few Leaders are usually members of wealthy families or the military. Oligarchy
When a nation recognizes a god or a deity as their ruler and the king or leader as that god’s representative Theocracy
Resources The Democracy Project The Democracy Project BBC Types of Government BBC Types of Government World Population Under Various Governments World Population Under Various Governments Dictator for A Day Dictator for A Day Types of Governments Types of Governments